Which of the following best completes the passage below? One : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Which of the following best completes the passage below? One

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Which of the following best completes the passage below? One [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2006, 01:54
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Which of the following best completes the passage below?

One tax-reform proposal that has gained increasing support in recent years is the flat tax, which would impose a uniform tax rate on incomes at every level. Opponents of the flat tax say that a progressive tax system, which levies a higher rate of taxes on higher-income taxpayers, is fairer, placing the greater burden on those better able to bear it. However, the present crazy quilt of tax deductions, exemptions, credits, and loopholes benefits primarily the high-income taxpayer, who is consequently able to reduce his or her effective tax rate, often to a level below that paid by the lower-income taxpayer. Therefore, ______

(A) higher-income taxpayers are likely to lend their support to the flat-tax proposal now being considered by Congress
(B) a flat-tax system that allowed no deductions or exemptions would substantially increase actual government revenues
(C) the lower-income taxpayer might well be penalized by the institution of a flat-tax system in this country
(D) the progressive nature of our present tax system is more illusory than real
(E) the flat tax would actually be fairer to the lower-income taxpayer than any progressive tax system could be
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26 Jan 2006, 05:09
B seems the the best option. Good question.
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26 Jan 2006, 07:37
After almost 3 minutes of thinking I am narrowing down to D
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Re: CR - Tax Reform [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2006, 08:43
ps_dahiya wrote:
Which of the following best completes the passage below?

One tax-reform proposal that has gained increasing support in recent years is the flat tax, which would impose a uniform tax rate on incomes at every level. Opponents of the flat tax say that a progressive tax system, which levies a higher rate of taxes on higher-income taxpayers, is fairer, placing the greater burden on those better able to bear it. However, the present crazy quilt of tax deductions, exemptions, credits, and loopholes benefits primarily the high-income taxpayer, who is consequently able to reduce his or her effective tax rate, often to a level below that paid by the lower-income taxpayer. Therefore, ______

(A) higher-income taxpayers are likely to lend their support to the flat-tax proposal now being considered by Congress
(B) a flat-tax system that allowed no deductions or exemptions would substantially increase actual government revenues
(C) the lower-income taxpayer might well be penalized by the institution of a flat-tax system in this country
(D) the progressive nature of our present tax system is more illusory than real
(E) the flat tax would actually be fairer to the lower-income taxpayer than any progressive tax system could be

Teh present tax system is a progressive one. The author says, while the progressive system might, theoretical, be fair, it isn't in reality.

D
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26 Jan 2006, 09:15
Well its a difficult one but i will go with D .....
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26 Jan 2006, 09:15
Agree with D. In B we cannot really say that the government's revenue can be increased.
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26 Jan 2006, 18:09
A clear D...Its more illusory than real
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26 Jan 2006, 20:19
D it is!
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26 Jan 2006, 20:27
B is the trap answer because loopholes and credits would still exist.

(D) summarizes the author`s thoughts smoothly.
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27 Jan 2006, 00:35
Yes the OA is D.
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27 Jan 2006, 00:50
D.
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27 Jan 2006, 22:35
got D as well..well the answer needs to be a flow of the author's argument which is effectively opposing the opponents of the flat tax system. D does that just well.
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04 Jun 2006, 12:27
Why is E wrong?
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05 Jun 2006, 03:00
D.

The author talks about the flat tax system and the present tax system and points out how each is different.
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Re: Which of the following best completes the passage below? One [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2011, 02:15
02:06 for D, although E is temping with me. Choice E in my thought is wrong because it's quite out of scope. The argument talk about why the high-income people can reduce their tax-paid, not talk about fairness with low-income people. So, D is more correct one.
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Re: Which of the following best completes the passage below? One [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2011, 01:49
(A) higher-income taxpayers are likely to lend their support to the flat-tax proposal now being considered by Congress
-- opposes whats been said
(B) a flat-tax system that allowed no deductions or exemptions would substantially increase actual government revenues
-- nothing mentioned abt govt. revenues
(C) the lower-income taxpayer might well be penalized by the institution of a flat-tax system in this country
-- opp to whats been mentioned
(D) the progressive nature of our present tax system is more illusory than real
-- CORRECT!
(E) the flat tax would actually be fairer to the lower-income taxpayer than any progressive tax system could be
-- how, just making the flat tax makes the every one pay equal tax, but is it fair to the lower-income taxpayer? nothing mentioned.
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Re: Which of the following best completes the passage below? One [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2011, 11:20
it is D
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Re: Which of the following best completes the passage below? One [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2013, 03:14
This is unfair, the author never says that the present tax system is a progressive tax system, in the passage he presents the progressive tax system as an alternative tax system and not the present tax system. It may be the case that the poor and middle class pay a lot and the rich don't pay anything at all. How can d be right?

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Re: Which of the following best completes the passage below? One   [#permalink] 07 Mar 2013, 03:14
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