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Which of the following best completes the passage below? One

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Which of the following best completes the passage below? One [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2009, 00:45
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

50% (02:13) correct 50% (01:52) wrong based on 6 sessions
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
One tax-reform proposal that has gained increasing support in recent years is the flat tax, which would impose a uniform tax rate on incomes at every level. Opponents of the flat tax say that a progressive tax system, which levies a higher rate of taxes on higher-income taxpayers, is fairer, placing the greater burden on those better able to bear it. However, the present crazy quilt of tax deductions, exemptions, credits, and loopholes benefits primarily the high-income taxpayer, who is consequently able to reduce his or her effective tax rate, often to a level below that paid by the lower-income taxpayer. Therefore, ______
(A) higher-income taxpayers are likely to lend their support to the flat-tax proposal now being considered by Congress
(B) a flat-tax system that allowed no deductions or exemptions would substantially increase actual government revenues
(C) the lower-income taxpayer might well be penalized by the institution of a flat-tax system in this country
(D) the progressive nature of our present tax system is more illusory than real
(E) the flat tax would actually be fairer to the lower-income taxpayer than any progressive tax system could be



I got this one incorrect. Can we discuss this plz?
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Re: 1000 CR TestA -Q2 [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2009, 01:57
D.

We should complete the passage with conclusion, following "therefore".

The structure.

Evidence 1: One tax-reform proposal that has gained increasing support in recent years is the flat tax, which would impose a uniform tax rate on incomes at every level

Judgement (or evidence 2): Opponents of the flat tax say that a progressive tax system, which levies a higher rate of taxes on higher-income taxpayers, is fairer, placing the greater burden on those better able to bear it.

HOWEVER, (evidence 3): the present crazy quilt of tax deductions, exemptions, credits, and loopholes benefits primarily the high-income taxpayer, who is consequently able to reduce his or her effective tax rate, often to a level below that paid by the lower-income taxpayer.

THEREFORE, D


So, we have judgement. Then we provide an evidence that call Judgement into question. Therefore, in conckusion we have to go back to judgement and say smth, taking into account counterevidence.


papillon86 wrote:
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
One tax-reform proposal that has gained increasing support in recent years is the flat tax, which would impose a uniform tax rate on incomes at every level. Opponents of the flat tax say that a progressive tax system, which levies a higher rate of taxes on higher-income taxpayers, is fairer, placing the greater burden on those better able to bear it. However, the present crazy quilt of tax deductions, exemptions, credits, and loopholes benefits primarily the high-income taxpayer, who is consequently able to reduce his or her effective tax rate, often to a level below that paid by the lower-income taxpayer. Therefore, ______
(A) higher-income taxpayers are likely to lend their support to the flat-tax proposal now being considered by Congress
(B) a flat-tax system that allowed no deductions or exemptions would substantially increase actual government revenues
(C) the lower-income taxpayer might well be penalized by the institution of a flat-tax system in this country
(D) the progressive nature of our present tax system is more illusory than real
(E) the flat tax would actually be fairer to the lower-income taxpayer than any progressive tax system could be



I got this one incorrect. Can we discuss this plz?
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Re: 1000 CR TestA -Q2 [#permalink] New post 09 Dec 2009, 04:04
(A) higher-income taxpayers are likely to lend their support to the flat-tax proposal now being considered by Congress
-The argument talks of “fairness” of the present tax system and not on who support or who does not. Hence incorrect.

(B) a flat-tax system that allowed no deductions or exemptions would substantially increase actual government revenues
No mention of revenues. Hence incorrect

(C) the lower-income taxpayer might well be penalized by the institution of a flat-tax system in this country
-The argument talks of “fairness” of the present tax system and not on “penalizing”. Hence cannot be concluded

(D) the progressive nature of our present tax system is more illusory than real
-Correct answer. No new information is provided and this statement can be proved from the information present in the stimulus

(E) the flat tax would actually be fairer to the lower-income taxpayer than any progressive tax system could be
-Opposite Answer
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Re: 1000 CR TestA -Q2 [#permalink] New post 20 Dec 2009, 20:50
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
One tax-reform proposal that has gained increasing support in recent years is the flat tax, which would impose a uniform tax rate on incomes at every level. Opponents of the flat tax say that a progressive tax system, which levies a higher rate of taxes on higher-income taxpayers, is fairer, placing the greater burden on those better able to bear it. However, the present crazy quilt of tax deductions, exemptions, credits, and loopholes benefits primarily the high-income taxpayer, who is consequently able to reduce his or her effective tax rate, often to a level below that paid by the lower-income taxpayer. Therefore, ______
(A) higher-income taxpayers are likely to lend their support to the flat-tax proposal now being considered by Congress
(B) a flat-tax system that allowed no deductions or exemptions would substantially increase actual government revenues
(C) the lower-income taxpayer might well be penalized by the institution of a flat-tax system in this country
(D) the progressive nature of our present tax system is more illusory than real
(E) the flat tax would actually be fairer to the lower-income taxpayer than any progressive tax system could be

"Therefore" in the question stem signifies the CONCLUSION. The argument is debating about the fairness and convincing us that the progressive tax is not as good as it seems. It pretty much said the D. Some might go for E, but i think that we can not compare flat rate and progressive tax after knowing about the present crazy quilt. We know that flat system is not fair and that the progressive system is not as fair as it seems.
My ans is D. what is the OA?
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Re: 1000 CR TestA -Q2 [#permalink] New post 21 Dec 2009, 08:00
I thought B, but apparently the OA is D
Good job for the previous posts.
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Re: 1000 CR TestA -Q2 [#permalink] New post 22 Dec 2009, 06:15
Would go for E since if we look at the relative positioning of the "However" and "Therefore"...it makes sense to go for E rather than D.
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Re: 1000 CR TestA -Q2 [#permalink] New post 22 Dec 2009, 09:52
D is a better conclusion.
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Re: 1000 CR TestA -Q2   [#permalink] 22 Dec 2009, 09:52
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