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# Which of the following, if true, most logically completes

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Director
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Which of the following, if true, most logically completes [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2005, 11:35
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Which of the following, if true, most logically completes the passage? A recent poll found that over 80 percent of the residents of Nalmed Province favored a massive expansion of the commuter rail system as a means of significantly easing congestion on the provinceâ€™s highways and were willing to help pay for the expansion through an increase in their taxes. Nevertheless, the poll results indicate that expansion of the rail system, if successfully completed, would be unlikely to achieve its goal of easing congestion, because _______.
A. most people in favor of expanding the rail system reported less congestion during their highway commute as the primary benefit they would experience
B. of the less than 20 percent of residents not counted as favoring the expansion, about half claimed to have no opinion one way or the other
C. the twice-daily periods of peak congestion caused by people commuting in cars have grown from about an hour each to almost two and a half hours each in the past 20 years
D. expanding the commuter rail system will require the construction of dozens of miles of new railbed
E. the proposed expansion to the commuter rail system will make it possible for some people who both live and work at suburban locations to commute by rail
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16 Apr 2005, 11:49
A
it is difficult to explain.
I think that E and C support the possibility to achieve the goal of easing congestion, and B and D are not important.
Director
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16 Apr 2005, 15:58
yes (A). Let me try..

1. Objective of Rail Road expansion is to ease congestion.
2. 80% Public supported Rail Road expansion (for some reason)
3. choice (A) says that these 80% themselves agree that it is not going to fulfil the primary objective.
4. So, the rail system, if successfully completed, would be unlikely to achieve its goal of easing congestion
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17 Apr 2005, 06:10
jpv wrote:
yes (A). Let me try..

1. Objective of Rail Road expansion is to ease congestion.
2. 80% Public supported Rail Road expansion (for some reason)
3. choice (A) says that these 80% themselves agree that it is not going to fulfil the primary objective.
4. So, the rail system, if successfully completed, would be unlikely to achieve its goal of easing congestion

I would choose C as it is the closest.

because choice A is not logical. If we look at the stem it says:
Nevertheless, the poll results indicate that expansion of the rail system, if successfully completed, would be unlikely to achieve its goal of easing congestion, because

most people in favor of expanding the rail system reported less congestion during their highway commute as the primary benefit they would experience

Here, people are admiting the fact that the primary benefit that they are going to experience after the expansion is that of lesser congestion. Therefore, if this were so, it contradicts the conclusion that the expansion of the rail system is unlikely to achieve its goal.
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Director
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17 Apr 2005, 06:43
jpv wrote:
yes (A). Let me try..

1. Objective of Rail Road expansion is to ease congestion.
2. 80% Public supported Rail Road expansion (for some reason)
3. choice (A) says that these 80% themselves agree that it is not going to fulfil the primary objective.
4. So, the rail system, if successfully completed, would be unlikely to achieve its goal of easing congestion

I would choose C as it is the closest.

because choice A is not logical. If we look at the stem it says:
Nevertheless, the poll results indicate that expansion of the rail system, if successfully completed, would be unlikely to achieve its goal of easing congestion, because

most people in favor of expanding the rail system reported less congestion during their highway commute as the primary benefit they would experience

Here, people are admiting the fact that the primary benefit that they are going to experience after the expansion is that of lesser congestion. Therefore, if this were so, it contradicts the conclusion that the expansion of the rail system is unlikely to achieve its goal.

My vote goes to A.....its the reason for the unlikely imrovement of congestion.

(C) we do not now for sure if the rail commuting would improve/not. If it does improve which we do not know as yet our answer is flawed.
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17 Apr 2005, 10:02
The primary goal of people who favor the new expansion is to ease congestion. But, as the poll results indicate, if the number of people willing to pay taxes to expand the railways is much higher than the proposed expansion, then the expansion will not meet its objective.

Based on the above, I think, A and E come close.

I will choose E
Director
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17 Apr 2005, 12:39
jpv wrote:
yes (A). Let me try..

1. Objective of Rail Road expansion is to ease congestion.
2. 80% Public supported Rail Road expansion (for some reason)
3. choice (A) says that these 80% themselves agree that it is not going to fulfil the primary objective.

I am not sure does choice A mean this. Can you elaborate please. It seems I am missing something.
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17 Apr 2005, 16:06
saurya_s wrote:
jpv wrote:
yes (A). Let me try..

1. Objective of Rail Road expansion is to ease congestion.
2. 80% Public supported Rail Road expansion (for some reason)
3. choice (A) says that these 80% themselves agree that it is not going to fulfil the primary objective.

I am not sure does choice A mean this. Can you elaborate please. It seems I am missing something.

80% of the people favored expansion as a means of significantly easing congestion but they did not state that they are experiencing congestion during their commute
So despite the expansion it will not ease congestion becos there is no congestion to begin with.

'C' - if there is a peak congestion twice daily then the goal will be achieved.
'E' - this is extreme - becos we do not know if this expansion is going to serve suburbanites - this could be a subway within the city.
Director
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17 Apr 2005, 16:06
saurya_s wrote:
jpv wrote:
yes (A). Let me try..

1. Objective of Rail Road expansion is to ease congestion.
2. 80% Public supported Rail Road expansion (for some reason)
3. choice (A) says that these 80% themselves agree that it is not going to fulfil the primary objective.

I am not sure does choice A mean this. Can you elaborate please. It seems I am missing something.

choice (A) is saying that ppl who are favouring expansion dont feel that roads are congested. However, this is the main reason for expansion. What can you conclude from this??
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17 Apr 2005, 16:17
A) the congestion remains at present level because the majority of the people will still use their cars and wont switch to the railway.
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17 Apr 2005, 17:20
Vithal wrote:
The primary goal of people who favor the new expansion is to ease congestion. But, as the poll results indicate, if the number of people willing to pay taxes to expand the railways is much higher than the proposed expansion, then the expansion will not meet its objective.

Based on the above, I think, A and E come close.

I will choose E

mistake again!..will change my answer to A
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17 Apr 2005, 23:01
A. most people in favor of expanding the rail system reported less congestion during their highway commute as the primary benefit they would experience

B. of the less than 20 percent of residents not counted as favoring the expansion, about half claimed to have no opinion one way or the other
- not important.

C. the twice-daily periods of peak congestion caused by people commuting in cars have grown from about an hour each to almost two and a half hours each in the past 20 years
- out of scope

D. expanding the commuter rail system will require the construction of dozens of miles of new railbed
- out of scope

E. the proposed expansion to the commuter rail system will make it possible for some people who both live and work at suburban locations to commute by rail

Go with E. E indicates only a group of people - those living in suburban locations - will benefit from the expansion. If so, then the roads are going to be as congested as ever since not everyone lives in suburban locations.

A says that most people from the 80% that favored the expansion states that expanding the rail system would create less congestion during their highway commute and this is the the primary benefit they would experience - meaning to say, if expansion is carried out, there would be no congestion.

E it is.
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18 Apr 2005, 05:31
ywilfred wrote:
A. most people in favor of expanding the rail system reported less congestion during their highway commute as the primary benefit they would experience

B. of the less than 20 percent of residents not counted as favoring the expansion, about half claimed to have no opinion one way or the other
- not important.

C. the twice-daily periods of peak congestion caused by people commuting in cars have grown from about an hour each to almost two and a half hours each in the past 20 years
- out of scope

D. expanding the commuter rail system will require the construction of dozens of miles of new railbed
- out of scope

E. the proposed expansion to the commuter rail system will make it possible for some people who both live and work at suburban locations to commute by rail

Go with E. E indicates only a group of people - those living in suburban locations - will benefit from the expansion. If so, then the roads are going to be as congested as ever since not everyone lives in suburban locations.

A says that most people from the 80% that favored the expansion states that expanding the rail system would create less congestion during their highway commute and this is the the primary benefit they would experience - meaning to say, if expansion is carried out, there would be no congestion.

E it is.

Go with E. E indicates only a group of people will benefit from the expansion.
Hi, that is to say the rail system is really of help in easing congestion, isn't it?
If so, then the roads are going to be as congested as ever since not everyone lives in suburban locations.
we cannot know from the passage.

A says that most people from the 80% that favored the expansion states that expanding the rail system would create less congestion during their highway commute and this is the the primary benefit they would experience - meaning to say, if expansion is carried out, there would be no congestion.

Those people in favor of the expansion would anticipate the mitigation of congestion, but they still drive in the highway. i.e. rail system is not of help.
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18 Apr 2005, 08:52
saurya_s wrote:
Which of the following, if true, most logically completes the passage? A recent poll found that over 80 percent of the residents of Nalmed Province favored a massive expansion of the commuter rail system as a means of significantly easing congestion on the provinceâ€™s highways and were willing to help pay for the expansion through an increase in their taxes. Nevertheless, the poll results indicate that expansion of the rail system, if successfully completed, would be unlikely to achieve its goal of easing congestion, because _______.
A. most people in favor of expanding the rail system reported less congestion during their highway commute as the primary benefit they would experience
B. of the less than 20 percent of residents not counted as favoring the expansion, about half claimed to have no opinion one way or the other
C. the twice-daily periods of peak congestion caused by people commuting in cars have grown from about an hour each to almost two and a half hours each in the past 20 years
D. expanding the commuter rail system will require the construction of dozens of miles of new railbed
E. the proposed expansion to the commuter rail system will make it possible for some people who both live and work at suburban locations to commute by rail

Most people here seem to go for either A or E, so I'll discuss those two

E is out because I don't see how the possibility that a part of the populace will use the new rail line can make one conclude that the rail line will not ease congestion. Rather, the fact that some people could use the rail line means that it is possible that it will ease congestion.

A implies that most people who use the highways now, probably hope to continue using it even after the new rail system is in place. Thus, the congestion will continue.

Click A, and move on ....
Re: CR Congestion   [#permalink] 18 Apr 2005, 08:52
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