Which of the following, if true, provides evidence that most : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Which of the following, if true, provides evidence that most

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Manager
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Which of the following, if true, provides evidence that most [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2007, 18:37
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Which of the following, if true, provides evidence that most logically completes the argument below?

According to a widely held economic hypothesis, imposing strict environmental regulations reduces economic growth. This hypothesis is undermined by the fact that the states with the strictest environmental regulations also have the highest economic growth. This fact does not show that environmental regulations promote growth, however, since ______.

(A) those states with the strictest environmental regulations invest the most in education and job training.
(B) even those states that have only moderately strict environmental regulations have higher growth than those with the least-strict regulations.
(C) many states that are experiencing reduced economic growth are considering weakening their environmental regulations.
(D) after introducing stricter environmental regulations, many states experienced increased economic growth.
(E) even those states with very weak environmental regulations have experienced at least some growth.
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Re: CR: logically completing the sentence [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2007, 23:40
younggun044 wrote:
Which of the following, if true, provides evidence that most logically completes the argument below?

According to a widely held economic hypothesis, imposing strict environmental regulations reduces economic growth. This hypothesis is undermined by the fact that the states with the strictest environmental regulations also have the highest economic growth. This fact does not show that environmental regulations promote growth, however, since
______.

A. those states with the strictest environmental regulations invest the most in education and job training
B. even those states that have only moderately strict environmental regulations have higher growth than those with the least-strict regulations
C. many states that are experiencing reduced economic growth are considering weakening their environmental regulations
D. after introducing stricter environmental regulations, many states experienced increased economic growth
E. even those states with very weak environmental regulations have experienced at least some growth

A or C. Should be A cuz C also doesnot directly fit into the gap.
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06 Oct 2007, 23:41
Agree A.
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Re: CR: logically completing the sentence [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2007, 00:01
Fistail wrote:
younggun044 wrote:
Which of the following, if true, provides evidence that most logically completes the argument below?

According to a widely held economic hypothesis, imposing strict environmental regulations reduces economic growth. This hypothesis is undermined by the fact that the states with the strictest environmental regulations also have the highest economic growth. This fact does not show that environmental regulations promote growth, however, since
______.

A. those states with the strictest environmental regulations invest the most in education and job training
B. even those states that have only moderately strict environmental regulations have higher growth than those with the least-strict regulations
C. many states that are experiencing reduced economic growth are considering weakening their environmental regulations
D. after introducing stricter environmental regulations, many states experienced increased economic growth
E. even those states with very weak environmental regulations have experienced at least some growth

A or C. Should be A cuz C also doesnot directly fit into the gap.

Could you please explain why A ?
As i feel education/ job trainings are out of this argument.
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Re: CR: logically completing the sentence [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2007, 11:16
younggun044 wrote:
Fistail wrote:
younggun044 wrote:
Which of the following, if true, provides evidence that most logically completes the argument below?

According to a widely held economic hypothesis, imposing strict environmental regulations reduces economic growth. This hypothesis is undermined by the fact that the states with the strictest environmental regulations also have the highest economic growth. This fact does not show that environmental regulations promote growth, however, since
______.

A. those states with the strictest environmental regulations invest the most in education and job training
B. even those states that have only moderately strict environmental regulations have higher growth than those with the least-strict regulations
C. many states that are experiencing reduced economic growth are considering weakening their environmental regulations
D. after introducing stricter environmental regulations, many states experienced increased economic growth
E. even those states with very weak environmental regulations have experienced at least some growth

A or C. Should be A cuz C also doesnot directly fit into the gap.

Could you please explain why A ?
As i feel education/ job trainings are out of this argument.

The statement says that certain states with the strictest enviornmental standards are experiencing the highest growth (economic theory states that any price fixing should not promote economic growth, and enviornmental restrictions are a form of price fixing)

However, economic growth might not be caused by the environmental standards, but by something else. Perhaps it is investment in education and job training (which in turn attracts a population that encourages environmental action)

None of the other choices address what else might cause economic growth.
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08 Oct 2007, 09:38
We have no idea if education or jobs stimulate the economy. Either way, we are trying to find out how else the economy could grow if not for strict environtmental regulations.

E - even those states with very weak environmental regulations have experienced at least some growth.
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08 Oct 2007, 18:40
IMO E for the same reason as ben928.
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Re: CR: logically completing the sentence [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2007, 18:59
younggun044 wrote:
Which of the following, if true, provides evidence that most logically completes the
argument below?
According to a widely held economic hypothesis, imposing strict environmental
regulations reduces economic growth. This hypothesis is undermined by the fact that the
states with the strictest environmental regulations also have the highest economic growth.
This fact does not show that environmental regulations promote growth, however, since
______.
A. those states with the strictest environmental regulations invest the most in
education and job training
B. even those states that have only moderately strict environmental regulations have
higher growth than those with the least-strict regulations
C. many states that are experiencing reduced economic growth are considering
weakening their environmental regulations
D. after introducing stricter environmental regulations, many states experienced
increased economic growth
E. even those states with very weak environmental regulations have experienced at
least some growth

Should be A
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09 Oct 2007, 07:09
I vote for E.
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Re: CR: logically completing the sentence [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 19:17
younggun044 wrote:
Which of the following, if true, provides evidence that most logically completes the
argument below?
According to a widely held economic hypothesis, imposing strict environmental
regulations reduces economic growth. This hypothesis is undermined by the fact that the
states with the strictest environmental regulations also have the highest economic growth.
This fact does not show that environmental regulations promote growth, however, since
______.
A. those states with the strictest environmental regulations invest the most in
education and job training
B. even those states that have only moderately strict environmental regulations have
higher growth than those with the least-strict regulations
C. many states that are experiencing reduced economic growth are considering
weakening their environmental regulations
D. after introducing stricter environmental regulations, many states experienced
increased economic growth
E. even those states with very weak environmental regulations have experienced at
least some growth

What about D guys ..? Does'nt it logically completes the argument ?? I would go for D. What's the OA ?
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Re: CR: logically completing the sentence [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 19:29
Amit05 wrote:
younggun044 wrote:
Which of the following, if true, provides evidence that most logically completes the
argument below?
According to a widely held economic hypothesis, imposing strict environmental
regulations reduces economic growth. This hypothesis is undermined by the fact that the
states with the strictest environmental regulations also have the highest economic growth.
This fact does not show that environmental regulations promote growth, however, since
______.
A. those states with the strictest environmental regulations invest the most in
education and job training
B. even those states that have only moderately strict environmental regulations have
higher growth than those with the least-strict regulations
C. many states that are experiencing reduced economic growth are considering
weakening their environmental regulations
D. after introducing stricter environmental regulations, many states experienced
increased economic growth
E. even those states with very weak environmental regulations have experienced at
least some growth

What about D guys ..? Does'nt it logically completes the argument ?? I would go for D. What's the OA ?

D is what the author is trying to disprove.
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13 Oct 2007, 03:52
sorry guys for late response.
OA is "A"
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Re: CR: logically completing the sentence [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2007, 05:37
younggun044 wrote:
Which of the following, if true, provides evidence that most logically completes the
argument below?
According to a widely held economic hypothesis, imposing strict environmental
regulations reduces economic growth. This hypothesis is undermined by the fact that the
states with the strictest environmental regulations also have the highest economic growth.
This fact does not show that environmental regulations promote growth, however, since
______.
A. those states with the strictest environmental regulations invest the most in
education and job training
B. even those states that have only moderately strict environmental regulations have
higher growth than those with the least-strict regulations
C. many states that are experiencing reduced economic growth are considering
weakening their environmental regulations
D. after introducing stricter environmental regulations, many states experienced
increased economic growth
E. even those states with very weak environmental regulations have experienced at
least some growth

A seems best to me.........
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13 Oct 2007, 05:40
younggun044 wrote:
sorry guys for late response.
OA is "A"

BINGO!!!

I suppose the statment tries to give contradictory reasoning after stating that "states with the strictest environmental regulations also have the highest economic growth" so after "however, since..." A is the best fit!
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Re: CR: logically completing the sentence [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2011, 13:10
What has to do education and job training with economic growth?
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Re: CR: logically completing the sentence [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2011, 13:11
And what's wrong with E?
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Re: CR: logically completing the sentence [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2011, 23:02
there are 4 posts for this question but none explains the reason for eliminating option E..

Can somebody help??

Last edited by DeeptiM on 09 Oct 2011, 19:49, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: CR: logically completing the sentence [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2011, 00:06
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This post was
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Fact1- imposing environmental restrictions reduces economic growth
Fact-2- states with highest economic growth have strictest env. restrictions
so fact-2 undermines fact1
now the last part of argument says "This fact(fact2) does not show that environmental regulations promote growth, however, since fact3"

so fact2 and fact3 taken together should be able to prove that environmental regulations does not promote growth
E) says " weak env. regulations => some growth"
fact2 says "strict env. regulations => highest growth"
both taken together shows that env. regulations and growth are related.
so this can be ruled out

A) is the answer as explained by defenestrate
it introduces a new element which could be a probable reason for growth in the states with strictest regulations and thus shows env. regulations has nothing to do with growth
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Re: CR: logically completing the sentence [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2011, 01:42
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DeeptiM wrote:
there are 4 posts for this question but none explains the reason for elimination option E..

Can somebody help??

To fully complete the sentence, we need to show that the 'strict environmental restrictions' are not a reason for high economic growth.

E says that countries with weak environmental restrictions have also had at least some growth. Now does that explain how A has had high growth? Or can it explain how 'strict environmental restrictions' are not the reason for A's economic growth? Certainly not. One might think that it is sufficient to cast a suspicion on our premise. But that pales in comparison to the choices that we are provided with.

Take A, it clarifies that investment in education and job training are the reason for A's higher growth. That is what we are looking for.
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Re: CR: Environmental regulations reduce economic growth [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2011, 19:54
Aa haa!! Now that helps..

Thanx guys!!
Re: CR: Environmental regulations reduce economic growth   [#permalink] 09 Oct 2011, 19:54

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