Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

It appears that you are browsing the GMAT Club forum unregistered!

Signing up is free, quick, and confidential.
Join other 500,000 members and get the full benefits of GMAT Club

Registration gives you:

Tests

Take 11 tests and quizzes from GMAT Club and leading GMAT prep companies such as Manhattan GMAT,
Knewton, and others. All are free for GMAT Club members.

Applicant Stats

View detailed applicant stats such as GPA, GMAT score, work experience, location, application
status, and more

Books/Downloads

Download thousands of study notes,
question collections, GMAT Club’s
Grammar and Math books.
All are free!

Thank you for using the timer!
We noticed you are actually not timing your practice. Click the START button first next time you use the timer.
There are many benefits to timing your practice, including:

Re: Which of the following is always equal to sqrt(9+x^2-6x)? [#permalink]

Show Tags

07 Apr 2015, 10:48

2

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

1

This post was BOOKMARKED

ankittiss wrote:

Bunuel Can you please help here? According to my understanding there are two cases in the GMAT: Case 1 :

sqrt[(-5)*(-5)] = -5

Case 2 :

sqrt[(5)*(5)] = 5

Is my understanding correct?

Thanks in advance Ankit

No, it's totally wrong.

When the GMAT provides the square root sign for an even root, such as a square root, fourth root, etc. then the only accepted answer is the positive root. That is:

\(\sqrt{9} = 3\), NOT +3 or -3; \(\sqrt[4]{16} = 2\), NOT +2 or -2;

Notice that in contrast, the equation \(x^2 = 9\) has TWO solutions, +3 and -3. Because \(x^2 = 9\) means that \(x =-\sqrt{9}=-3\) or \(x=\sqrt{9}=3\).

Again, the point here is that since square root function can not give negative result then \(\sqrt{some \ expression}\geq{0}\).

So \(\sqrt{x^2}\geq{0}\). But what does \(\sqrt{x^2}\) equal to?

Let's consider following examples: If \(x=5\) --> \(\sqrt{x^2}=\sqrt{25}=5=x=positive\); If \(x=-5\) --> \(\sqrt{x^2}=\sqrt{25}=5=-x=positive\).

So we got that: \(\sqrt{x^2}=x\), if \(x\geq{0}\); \(\sqrt{x^2}=-x\), if \(x<0\).

What function does exactly the same thing? The absolute value function: \(|x|=x\), if \(x\geq{0}\) and \(|x|=-x\), if \(x<0\). That is why \(\sqrt{x^2}=|x|\).

I'm sorry; I just don't understand the logic behind this. I can arrive at the correct answer by plugging in but I cannot see how the answer is not x - 3 when solving algebraically. Obviously, I'm missing some basic concept. Can you explain? Thanks.

So in other words sq rt of (x-3)^2 is +ve or -ve x-3? Sorry, but i don't really get that. I thought when we have a square of a sq rt, the answer is just what's under the sq rt, without any power.

It's not sq rt of 9 to be +-3, it's sq rt of 9^2, which is 9.
Please correct me if i am wrong.

I'm sorry; I just don't understand the logic behind this. I can arrive at the correct answer by plugging in but I cannot see how the answer is not x - 3 when solving algebraically. Obviously, I'm missing some basic concept. Can you explain? Thanks.

by definition |x| = sqrt(x^2)

since |x| have two scenarios -x or x and sqrt(x^2) have the same scenarios -x or x.

I'm sorry; I just don't understand the logic behind this. I can arrive at the correct answer by plugging in but I cannot see how the answer is not x - 3 when solving algebraically. Obviously, I'm missing some basic concept. Can you explain? Thanks.

by definition |x| = sqrt(x^2)

since |x| have two scenarios -x or x and sqrt(x^2) have the same scenarios -x or x.

Whew! Finally it makes sense. Thanks KS.

wait a second: it is true that |x| can have -ve or +ve values i.e. lxl = x or -x.

I'm sorry; I just don't understand the logic behind this. I can arrive at the correct answer by plugging in but I cannot see how the answer is not x - 3 when solving algebraically. Obviously, I'm missing some basic concept. Can you explain? Thanks.

by definition |x| = sqrt(x^2)

since |x| have two scenarios -x or x and sqrt(x^2) have the same scenarios -x or x.

Whew! Finally it makes sense. Thanks KS.

wait a second: it is true that |x| can have -ve or +ve values i.e. lxl = x or -x.

But sqrt(x^2) has only one i.e x not -x.

the unknown x in sqrt(x^2) can be negative - the outcome will be positive ---> sqrt(-2^2) = 2 ---> x=-2

I'm sorry; I just don't understand the logic behind this. I can arrive at the correct answer by plugging in but I cannot see how the answer is not x - 3 when solving algebraically. Obviously, I'm missing some basic concept. Can you explain? Thanks.

by definition |x| = sqrt(x^2)

since |x| have two scenarios -x or x and sqrt(x^2) have the same scenarios -x or x.

Whew! Finally it makes sense. Thanks KS.

wait a second: it is true that |x| can have -ve or +ve values i.e. lxl = x or -x.

But sqrt(x^2) has only one i.e x not -x.

No... ... In bold, we can only say : sqrt(x^2) = |x|

KillerSquirrel gave an exemple that proves it as well

I'm sorry; I just don't understand the logic behind this. I can arrive at the correct answer by plugging in but I cannot see how the answer is not x - 3 when solving algebraically. Obviously, I'm missing some basic concept. Can you explain? Thanks.

by definition |x| = sqrt(x^2)

since |x| have two scenarios -x or x and sqrt(x^2) have the same scenarios -x or x.

Whew! Finally it makes sense. Thanks KS.

wait a second: it is true that |x| can have -ve or +ve values i.e. lxl = x or -x.

But sqrt(x^2) has only one i.e x not -x.

No... ... In bold, we can only say : sqrt(x^2) = |x|

KillerSquirrel gave an exemple that proves it as well

Fig, I am still not convinced. I am in line with what Honghu and hobbit said here:

Excellent posts dLo saw your blog too..!! Man .. you have got some writing skills. And Just to make an argument = You had such an amazing resume ; i am glad...

So Much $$$ Business school costs a lot. This is obvious, whether you are a full-ride scholarship student or are paying fully out-of-pocket. Aside from the (constantly rising)...

They say you get better at doing something by doing it. then doing it again ... and again ... and again, and you keep doing it until one day you look...

I barely remember taking decent rest in the last 60 hours. It’s been relentless with submissions, birthday celebration, exams, vacating the flat, meeting people before leaving and of...