Which of the following most logically completes the : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Which of the following most logically completes the

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Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2006, 00:41
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Which of the following most logically completes the argument?
The irradiation of food kills bacteria and thus retards spoilage. However, it also lowers the nutritional value of many foods. For example, irradiation destroys a significant percentage of whatever vitamin B1 a food may contain. Proponents of irradiation point out that irradiation is no worse in this respect than cooking. However, this fact is either beside the point, since much irradiated food is eaten raw, or else misleading, since _______.
A. many of the proponents of irradiation are food distributors who gain from foodâ€™s having a longer shelf life
B. it is clear that killing bacteria that may be present on food is not the only effect that irradiation has
C. cooking is usually the final step in preparing food for consumption, whereas irradiation serves to ensure a longer shelf life for perishable foods
D. certain kinds of cooking are, in fact, even more destructive of vitamin B1 than carefully controlled irradiation is
E. for food that is both irradiated and cooked, the reduction of vitamin B1 associated with either process individually is compounded
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10 Dec 2006, 01:12
E - both processes have a compounded effect.
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10 Dec 2006, 01:13
My pick is C
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10 Dec 2006, 08:18
I pick E.
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10 Dec 2006, 10:35
E it is.

Conclusion is trying to say that the proponetâ€™s argument is misleading
So a choice that reiterates the effect of irradiation will be a logical completion.
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Re: CR [ Logically Complete ] [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2006, 03:18
johnycute wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument?
The irradiation of food kills bacteria and thus retards spoilage. However, it also lowers the nutritional value of many foods. For example, irradiation destroys a significant percentage of whatever vitamin B1 a food may contain. Proponents of irradiation point out that irradiation is no worse in this respect than cooking. However, this fact is either beside the point, since much irradiated food is eaten raw, or else misleading, since _______.
A. many of the proponents of irradiation are food distributors who gain from foodâ€™s having a longer shelf life
B. it is clear that killing bacteria that may be present on food is not the only effect that irradiation has
C. cooking is usually the final step in preparing food for consumption, whereas irradiation serves to ensure a longer shelf life for perishable foods
D. certain kinds of cooking are, in fact, even more destructive of vitamin B1 than carefully controlled irradiation is
E. for food that is both irradiated and cooked, the reduction of vitamin B1 associated with either process individually is compounded
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11 Dec 2006, 03:21
C for me
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11 Dec 2006, 07:14

It is the proponents who will be gaining and so they are the ones who are misleading with their argument.
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12 Dec 2006, 15:47
I chose C.. what's OA?
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12 Dec 2006, 19:55
A and E both out of scope, I chose C

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12 Dec 2006, 20:36
E makes more sense to me ...

However, this fact is either beside the point, since much irradiated food is eaten raw, or else misleading ....... that it is not eaten raw and cooking adds further loss in vitamins
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Re: CR [ Logically Complete ] [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2006, 05:40
johnycute wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument?
The irradiation of food kills bacteria and thus retards spoilage. However, it also lowers the nutritional value of many foods. For example, irradiation destroys a significant percentage of whatever vitamin B1 a food may contain. Proponents of irradiation point out that irradiation is no worse in this respect than cooking. However, this fact is either beside the point, since much irradiated food is eaten raw, or else misleading, since _______.

Fact 2: Irradiation destroys nutritional value of foods.
Argument : It's no worse than cooking (cooking destroys some nutritional value of foods).
Counter argument:
For foods that are eaten raw, there won't be any cooking, but irradiation will lower the nutrition value compared to otherwise;
For foods that will be cooked, the effects from irradiation and cooking will be compounded and thus irradiation lowers the nutrition value compared to no irradiation.
In other words, irradiation is bad to nutrition value of food, and the fact that its effect size is similar to cooking is irrelevent.

This would be the complete argument of the passage. The two "since" indicate that the two clauses are parallel, one regards raw food (fruits etc) and the other natually flows to be "non-raw food", ie. foods that need to be cooked.
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Re: CR [ Logically Complete ]   [#permalink] 13 Dec 2006, 05:40
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