Which of the following most logically completes the : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Which of the following most logically completes the

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Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2009, 21:51
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Which of the following most logically completes the argument??
When people engage in activities that help others ,their brain releases endorphins,
the brain’s natural opiates, which induce in people a feeling of well-being. It has
been suggested that regular release of endorphins increases people’s longevity.
And a statistic on adults who regularly engage in volunteer work helping others
shows that they live longer, on average, than adults who do not volunteer. However,
that statistic would be what we would expect even if volunteering does not
boost longevity, because .
A. in the communities studied, women were much more likely to do regular
volunteer work than men were, and women tend to live longer than men do.
B. the number of young adults who do regular volunteer work is on the increase
C. the feelings of well-being induced by endorphins can, at least for a time, mask
the symptoms of various conditions and diseases, provided the symptoms are
mild.
D. it is rare for a person to keep up a regular schedule of volunteer work throughout
his or her life.
E. Some people find that keeping a commitment to do regular volunteer work
becomes a source of stress in their lives.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2009, 02:55
IMO A .
Only A provides an alternative explanation for the statistics mentioned in the argument .
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2009, 03:31
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I go with C
2 main things mentioned are:
i) helping others induces a feeling of well being.
ii) regular release of endorphins increases people’s longevity.
Statistics show: People who volunteer, on an average, live longer.

Now, 'However' in the concluding sentence changes the course of the passage.
"...However, that statistic would be what we would expect even if volunteering does not boost longevity, because______ ."
This means: The author believes that it is the feeling of well being, induced by helping other which increases longevity, so even if volunteering does not boost longevity, it is just this feeling because (option C fits in well).
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2009, 06:08
C.

If C is true then "we would expect" that people live longer.
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2009, 07:18
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Certainly A

A. in the communities studied, women were much more likely to do regular volunteer work than men were, and women tend to live longer than men do. -If this is correct, then the average life of voluteers also increases.
B. the number of young adults who do regular volunteer work is on the increase -Argument talking about longevity. It doesn't matter whats the current age of volunteer
C. the feelings of well-being induced by endorphins can, at least for a time, mask the symptoms of various conditions and diseases, provided the symptoms are mild. -Endorphins are just masking the symtoms, not actually curing the disease itself. And further to weaken this, the options is saying "for a time" and "provided the symptoms are mild".
D. it is rare for a person to keep up a regular schedule of volunteer work throughout his or her life. -Irrelevant
E. Some people find that keeping a commitment to do regular volunteer work becomes a source of stress in their lives. -Further weakens the argument, as stress would have negative effect on longevity
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2009, 08:33
IMO C. I agree with Aknine
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2009, 09:27
IMO, (C)
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2009, 12:51
Economist wrote:
C.

If C is true then "we would expect" that people live longer.

We cannot relate "feelings of well-being" and "symptoms of various conditions and diseases" to "longevity".
Even if symptoms are masked, disease can still prove to be fatal.

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2009, 05:36
what is OA?
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2009, 05:46
A

The question stem says
"However, that statistic would be what we would expect even if volunteering does not boost longevity, because ."

The answer has to be something "other than" the physiological reason given ie, volunteering - endorphins - long life.
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2009, 05:33
I am going with A....And a statistic on adults who regularly engage in volunteer work helping others
shows that they live longer, on average, than adults who do not volunteer.

However,that statistic would be what we would expect even if volunteering does not
boost longevity, because . SO basically if we remove volunteering from the equation we have to pick something that further the statistic of that the group has a longer life span.

This can only be attributed to the fact that in the communities studied, women were much more likely to do regular volunteer work than men were, and women tend to live longer than men do.
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2009, 06:23
A
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2009, 00:09
I am considering C and D because of "However" word

But lastly I choose D because it's a logical reason for volunteering do not boost longevity!
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2009, 02:41
IMO A. Could not answer it the first time.
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2009, 03:13
Well, I faced this problem while I was writing my GMATPrep 2 days ago. The OA is A.
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2010, 06:27
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2010, 21:05
LAKSH0328 wrote:
IMO A .
Only A provides an alternative explanation for the statistics mentioned in the argument .

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2011, 10:07
OA is A
I got this in GMAT prep and it bounced... above explanations are good
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2011, 03:26
clean A giving the only possible reason for the contrast mentioned in the argument.
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2011, 03:46
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ritjn2003 wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument??
When people engage in activities that help others ,their brain releases endorphins,
the brain’s natural opiates, which induce in people a feeling of well-being. It has
been suggested that regular release of endorphins increases people’s longevity.
And a statistic on adults who regularly engage in volunteer work helping others
shows that they live longer, on average, than adults who do not volunteer. However,
that statistic would be what we would expect even if volunteering does not
boost longevity, because .
A. in the communities studied, women were much more likely to do regular
volunteer work than men were, and women tend to live longer than men do.
B. the number of young adults who do regular volunteer work is on the increase
C. the feelings of well-being induced by endorphins can, at least for a time, mask
the symptoms of various conditions and diseases, provided the symptoms are
mild.
D. it is rare for a person to keep up a regular schedule of volunteer work throughout
his or her life.
E. Some people find that keeping a commitment to do regular volunteer work
becomes a source of stress in their lives.

The suggested statement based on the statistics collected may not be true. Because, women anyway live longer. Thus, anything that a woman does more could show that the people who do more would live longer.

e.g.
1. Women talk more. Thus, statistics showed that the people who talk more live longer.
2. Women read Sidney Sheldon more. Thus, statistics showed that the people who read Sidney Sheldon live longer.
3. Women do more make-up. Thus, statistics showed that the people who do more make-up live longer.
Likewise,
4. Women volunteer more. Thus, statistics showed that the people who volunteer more live longer.

Thus, it is the inherent characteristics of women's longevity that's dictating the statistics collected and not purely the act of volunteering per se.

Ans: "A"
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the   [#permalink] 06 Jun 2011, 03:46

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