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Re: Which values of x are solutions |x + 1| + |x - 1| <= 2 [#permalink]
21 May 2012, 08:29

4

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

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sandal85 wrote:

Which values of x are solutions to the inequality |x + 1| + |x - 1| <= 2 ? Apart from algebra can we think conceptually to solve this

\(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) --> we have two check points -1 and 1 (check point is the value of x for which an absolute value equals to zero) and thus three ranges to check.

If \(x<-1\) then \(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) expands as \(-(x+1)-(x-1)\leq{2}\) --> \(x\geq{-1}\), not a valid range since we are considering \(x<-1\);

If \(-1\leq{x}\leq{1}\) then \(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) expands as \(x+1-(x-1)\leq{2}\) --> \(0\leq{2}\) which is true, so for \(-1\leq{x}\leq{1}\) given inequality holds true;

If \(x>1\) then \(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) expands as \(x+1+x-1\leq{2}\) --> \(x\leq{1}\), not a valid range since we are considering \(x>1\).

So, finally we have that \(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) holds true for \(-1\leq{x}\leq{1}\).

Re: Which values of x are solutions |x + 1| + |x - 1| <= 2 [#permalink]
22 May 2012, 00:28

Bunuel wrote:

sandal85 wrote:

Which values of x are solutions to the inequality |x + 1| + |x - 1| <= 2 ? Apart from algebra can we think conceptually to solve this

\(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) --> we have two check points -1 and 1 (check point is the value of x for which an absolute value equals to zero) and thus three ranges to check.

If \(x<-1\) then \(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) expands as \(-(x+1)-(x-1)\leq{2}\) --> \(x\geq{-1}\), not a valid range since we are considering \(x<-1\);

If \(-1\leq{x}\leq{1}\) then \(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) expands as \(x+1-(x-1)\leq{2}\) --> \(0\leq{2}\) which is true, so for \(-1\leq{x}\leq{1}\) given inequality holds true;

If \(x>1\) then \(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) expands as \(x+1+x-1\leq{2}\) --> \(x\leq{1}\), not a valid range since we are considering \(x>1\).

So, finally we have that \(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) holds true for \(-1\leq{x}\leq{1}\).

what these kind of inequality questions are asking for? is it the values of X, for which the solution of equation is <=2? i had been through the link provided and have the same doubt regarding the example 1 - |x+3|-|4-x|=|8+x| -How many solutions does the equation have? How you have taken "four conditions given"?

Re: Which values of x are solutions |x + 1| + |x - 1| <= 2 [#permalink]
22 May 2012, 09:25

Expert's post

kashishh wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

sandal85 wrote:

Which values of x are solutions to the inequality |x + 1| + |x - 1| <= 2 ? Apart from algebra can we think conceptually to solve this

\(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) --> we have two check points -1 and 1 (check point is the value of x for which an absolute value equals to zero) and thus three ranges to check.

If \(x<-1\) then \(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) expands as \(-(x+1)-(x-1)\leq{2}\) --> \(x\geq{-1}\), not a valid range since we are considering \(x<-1\);

If \(-1\leq{x}\leq{1}\) then \(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) expands as \(x+1-(x-1)\leq{2}\) --> \(0\leq{2}\) which is true, so for \(-1\leq{x}\leq{1}\) given inequality holds true;

If \(x>1\) then \(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) expands as \(x+1+x-1\leq{2}\) --> \(x\leq{1}\), not a valid range since we are considering \(x>1\).

So, finally we have that \(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) holds true for \(-1\leq{x}\leq{1}\).

what these kind of inequality questions are asking for? is it the values of X, for which the solution of equation is <=2? i had been through the link provided and have the same doubt regarding the example 1 - |x+3|-|4-x|=|8+x| -How many solutions does the equation have? How you have taken "four conditions given"?

The question asks about the range(s) of x for which the given inequality holds true. We have that it holds for \(-1\leq{x}\leq{1}\), for example if x=0 then \(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) is true but if x is out of this range, say x=3, then \(|x + 1|+|x - 1|\leq{2}\) is NOT true.

Re: Which values of x are solutions |x + 1| + |x - 1| <= 2 [#permalink]
23 May 2012, 05:29

Expert's post

kashishh wrote:

Thankyou Bunuel, It is asking for range. i understand,so is in this question "|x+3|-|4-x|=|8+x| -How many solutions does the equation have?

Please can you elaborate on "four conditions given"?

pavanpuneet wrote:

If for the same question, |x+3|-|4-x|=|8+x|, we had to identify for what what value of x will the equation be valid. How would we do that?

How many solutions does \(|x+3| - |4-x| = |8+x|\) have?

Basically the same here: we have three check points -8, -3 and 4 and thus four ranges to check.

If \(x < -8\) then \(|x+3| - |4-x| = |8+x|\) expands as \(-(x+3)-(4-x)=-(8+x)\) --> \(x = -1\), which is not a valid solution since we are considering \(x < -8\) range and -1 is out of it;

If \(-8\leq{x}\leq{-3}\) then \(|x+3| - |4-x| = |8+x|\) expands as \(-(x+3)-(4-x)=(8+x)\) --> \(x=-15\), which is also not a valid solution since we are considering \(-8\leq{x}\leq{-3}\) range;

If \(-3<x<4\) then \(|x+3| - |4-x| = |8+x|\) expands as \((x+3)-(4-x)=(8+x)\) --> \(x = 9\), which is also not a valid solution since we are considering \(-3<x<4\) range;

If \(x\geq{4}\) then \(|x+3|-|4-x|=|8+x|\) expands as \((x+3)+(4-x)=(8+x)\) --> \(x = -1\), which is also not a valid solution since we are considering \(x>4\) range.

So we have that no solution exist for \(|x+3|-|4-x|=|8+x|\) (no x can satisfy this equation).

Re: Which values of x are solutions |x + 1| + |x - 1| <= 2 [#permalink]
23 May 2012, 06:29

Inequalities have been quite a nightmare for me.. I understood the overall solution but, based on what do we decide to x<-8 and not x<=-8....?? I know this may be a very basic question, but can you please explain this concept for these ranges. Will be a great help! Thanks in advance.

Re: Which values of x are solutions |x + 1| + |x - 1| <= 2 [#permalink]
23 May 2012, 20:03

Hi, Bunuel! How many solutions does have?

In your solution when you define intervals, how do you define what inequality sign to put? I mean < or> or<= For example, why the second interval is -8<=x<=-3, why both inequality signs are <=?

Re: Which values of x are solutions |x + 1| + |x - 1| <= 2 [#permalink]
23 May 2012, 23:51

1

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

pavanpuneet wrote:

Inequalities have been quite a nightmare for me.. I understood the overall solution but, based on what do we decide to x<-8 and not x<=-8....?? I know this may be a very basic question, but can you please explain this concept for these ranges. Will be a great help! Thanks in advance.

Rice wrote:

Hi, Bunuel! How many solutions does have?

In your solution when you define intervals, how do you define what inequality sign to put? I mean < or> or<= For example, why the second interval is -8<=x<=-3, why both inequality signs are <=?

Thank you in advance

We should include "check points" (-8, -3, and 4) in either of the ranges but it really doesn't matter in which one. So, for example we could have written: If \(x\leq{-8}\) ... If \(-8<x<-3\) ... If \(-3\leq{x}<\leq{4}\) ... If \(x>4\) ...

Re: Which values of x are solutions |x + 1| + |x - 1| <= 2 [#permalink]
24 May 2012, 01:52

Bunuel wrote:

How many solutions does \(|x+3| - |4-x| = |8+x|\) have?

Basically the same here: we have three check points -8, -3 and 4 and thus four ranges to check.

If \(x < -8\) then \(|x+3| - |4-x| = |8+x|\) expands as \(-(x+3)-(4-x)=-(8+x)\) --> \(x = -1\), which is not a valid solution since we are considering \(x < -8\) range and -1 is out of it;

If \(-8\leq{x}\leq{-3}\) then \(|x+3| - |4-x| = |8+x|\) expands as \(-(x+3)-(4-x)=(8+x)\) --> \(x=-15\), which is also not a valid solution since we are considering \(-8\leq{x}\leq{-3}\) range;

If \(-3<x<4\) then \(|x+3| - |4-x| = |8+x|\) expands as \((x+3)-(4-x)=(8+x)\) --> \(x = 9\), which is also not a valid solution since we are considering \(-3<x<4\) range;

If \(x\geq{4}\) then \(|x+3|-|4-x|=|8+x|\) expands as \((x+3)+(4-x)=(8+x)\) --> \(x = -1\), which is also not a valid solution since we are considering \(x>4\) range.

So we have that no solution exist for \(|x+3|-|4-x|=|8+x|\) (no x can satisfy this equation).

Hope it's clear.

The implicit understanding is that when a equation for a range is simplified and they contradict the basic premises of the considered range then the range is not considered as the solution. _________________

Re: Which values of x are solutions |x + 1| + |x - 1| <= 2 [#permalink]
23 Nov 2012, 23:18

Hi Bunnel,

I follow all your solutions. Really great!!!. Thanks for taking time to answer us. I read the anwer explanations for the ques above. But still I am little unclear. Please help me.

I know |x-1| = 4 can be written as (x-1) = 4 and -(x-1) = 4. Fine.

But for the Ques |x+3| - |4-x| = |x+8| I understand the key points are -8, -3, 4

For x<= - 8, First how did you take the condition -(x+3)-(4-x)=-(8+x) ? Why not (x+3)-(4-x) = (x+8) or (x+3)+(4-x) = (8+x)?

And why x <= -8 is tested as condition? why not x >= -8.

Re: Which values of x are solutions |x + 1| + |x - 1| <= 2 [#permalink]
29 Dec 2014, 14:35

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