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While acknowledging that there are greater employment

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While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2009, 22:10
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While acknowledging that there are greater employment opportunities for Latin American women in cities than in the countryside, social science theorists have continued to argue that urban migration has unequivocally hurt women’s status.However, the effects of migration are more complex than these theorists presume.For example, effects can vary depending on women’s financial condition and social class.Brazilian women in the lowest socioeconomic class have relatively greater job opportunities and job security in cities than do men of the same class, although there is no compelling evidence that for these women the move to the city is a move out of poverty.Thus, these women may improve their status in relation to men but at the same time may experience no improvement in their economic standing.

In addition, working outside the home, which is more common in urban than in rural areas, helps women in the lowest socioeconomic class make contacts to extend exchange networks-the flow of gifts, loans, or child care from those who currently have access to resources to those who do not.Moreover, poor women working in urban areas actively seek to cultivate long-term employer-employee relations.When an emergency arises that requires greater resources than an exchange network can provide, these women often appeal for and receive aid from their wealthy employers.However, the structure of many poor women’s work-often a labor force of one in an employer’s home-makes it difficult for them to organize to improve their economic conditions in general.

Not surprisingly, then, Latin American women in the lowest socioeconomic class differ in their opinions about the effects of urban migration on their lives.Some find urban living, with access to electricity and running water, an improvement and would never return to the countryside.Others, disliking the overcrowding and crime, would return to the countryside if there were work opportunities for them there.Thus, urban life has had both negative and positive impacts on women’s lives.In general, urban migration has not provided economic prosperity or upward mobility for women in the lowest socioeconomic class, despite their intelligent and energetic utilization of the resources available to them.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q22: In the first paragraph, the author refers to the experiences of Brazilian women most probably in order to
A. support an earlier assertion made by social science theorists about the effects of urban migration
B. provide an example of one area in which urban migration has failed to improve Latin American women’s lives
C. substantiate the claim that the effects of urban migration cannot be easily characterized
D. illustrate the effect that urban migration has had on the economic status of Latin American women
E. compare the effect that urban migration has had on the economic status of Latin American women with its effect on the economic status of Latin American men
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q23: Which of the following best summarizes the main point of the passage?
A. Although Latin American women disagree about the effects urban migration has had on their lives, they agree that migration has provided them with greater opportunities for stable employment outside the home.
B. Although urban migration has improved the quality of life for Latin American women, it has weakened the social support systems that these women enjoyed in rural communities.
C. The effects that urban migration has had on Latin American women’s lives are complex and are best evaluated in light of a range of issues concerning Latin American women’s overall quality of life.
D. The effects of urban migration in Latin America are different for men than they are for women because of the relatively greater job opportunities and job security enjoyed by women in urban areas.
E. Urban migration has led to an increasing disparity between the economic prosperity of Latin American women in the lowest socioeconomic classes and that of women in the higher socioeconomic classes.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q24: The author mentions which of the following as a disadvantage of urban employment for Latin American women in the lowest socioeconomic group?
A. It is difficult for these women to obtain reliable, long-term employment.
B. It is difficult for these women to organize effectively in order to obtain better wages.
C. It is difficult for these women to find employers who are supportive when emergencies arise.
D. The structure of their jobs makes it difficult for these women to participate in exchange networks.
E. Working in urban areas makes these women more vulnerable to health problems than they would be in rural areas.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q25: The author of the passage would most likely agree that the opinions of the Latin American women discussed in the third paragraph (lines 60-85) are influenced by the
A. fact that urban life has provided them with greater opportunities for upward mobility than did rural life
B. relative importance they place on the benefits of urban exchange networks in comparison to those of rural networks.
C. relative importance they place on the conveniences and drawbacks of urban life in comparison to those of rural life
D. difference in the effects of urban migration on women of higher and lower socioeconomic classes
E. difference in the effects of urban migration on men and women of the same social and economic class
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Last edited by JarvisR on 24 Jun 2015, 09:57, edited 1 time in total.
Formatted
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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2009, 03:29
CCAC
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One Final Try.......

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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2009, 09:05
CCBC

OA please
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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2009, 11:24
OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
CCBC

Can you guys also tell that how much time you took for this RC?
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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2009, 11:30
I took about 12 minutes
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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2009, 11:43
So I am not the only one who took lot of time :)
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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2012, 22:10
C
C
B
C

easy going passage.
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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 30 Mar 2012, 07:44
10 min. Not an easy passage. Definitely a 700+ level passage.
Long one as well. So I am ok taking 10 mins and getting all right

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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 30 Sep 2012, 11:12
I still dont understand vvhy it is B for s 24
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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 02 Oct 2012, 01:17
CCBC

but i took 13 min
need to practice a lot
its straight fwd passage
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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 14 Sep 2014, 21:03
Took 6 min 30 secs.. Relatively short and easier than other 700+ passages. Got all correct :)
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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 31 Dec 2014, 02:48
Expert's post
DAMN, I took 14 minutes. The passage as such is easy but the few answer options are close enough.
I suppose it is better to devote 120-150 extra seconds on a passage & get all correct.
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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 05 Jan 2015, 21:08
CCBC, took around 8-9 mins, relatively easy .. even for me, I am not that good on RC though
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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 19 Jan 2015, 18:22
riteshbindal wrote:
While acknowledging that
there are greater employment
opportunities for Latin Ameri-
Line can women in cities than in the
(5) countryside, social science
theorists have continued to
argue that urban migration
has unequivocally hurt
women’s status. However,
(10) the effects of migration are
more complex than these
theorists presume. For
example, effects can vary
depending on women’s
(15) financial condition and social
class. Brazilian women in the
lowest socioeconomic class
have relatively greater job
opportunities and job security
(20) in cities than do men of the
same class, although there is
no compelling evidence that
for these women the move to
the city is a move out of pov-
(25) erty. Thus, these women
may improve their status in
relation to men but at the
same time may experience
no improvement in their
(30) economic standing.
In addition, working outside
the home, which is more
common in urban than in rural
areas, helps women in the
(35) lowest socioeconomic class
make contacts to extend
exchange networks—the flow
of gifts, loans, or child care
from those who currently
(40) have access to resources
to those who do not. Moreover,
poor women working in
urban areas actively seek to
cultivate long-term employer-
(45) employee relations. When
11
an emergency arises that
requires greater resources
than an exchange network
can provide, these women
(50) often appeal for and receive
aid from their wealthy employers.
However, the structure
of many poor women’s
work—often a labor force
(55) of one in an employer’s
home—makes it difficult for
them to organize to improve
their economic conditions in
general.
(60) Not surprisingly, then,
Latin American women in the
lowest socioeconomic class
differ in their opinions about
the effects of urban migration
(65) on their lives. Some find
urban living, with access to
electricity and running water,
an improvement and would
never return to the country-
(70) side. Others, disliking the
overcrowding and crime,
would return to the countryside
if there were work
opportunities for them there.
(75) Thus, urban life has had both
negative and positive impacts
on women’s lives. In general,
urban migration has not
provided economic pros-
(80) perity or upward mobility for
women in the lowest socioeconomic
class, despite their
intelligent and energetic utilization
of the resources
available to them.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q22:
In the first paragraph, the author refers to the experiences of Brazilian women most
probably in order to
12
A. support an earlier assertion made by social science theorists about the effects of
urban migration
B. provide an example of one area in which urban migration has failed to improve
Latin American women’s lives
C. substantiate the claim that the effects of urban migration cannot be easily
characterized
D. illustrate the effect that urban migration has had on the economic status of Latin
American women
E. compare the effect that urban migration has had on the economic status of Latin
American women with its effect on the economic status of Latin American men
Answer:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q23:
NOTE: You must scroll to read the answer choices for this question.
Which of the following best summarizes the main point of the passage?
A. Although Latin American women disagree about the effects urban migration has
had on their lives, they agree that migration has provided them with greater
opportunities for stable employment outside the home.
B. Although urban migration has improved the quality of life for Latin American
women, it has weakened the social support systems that these women enjoyed in
rural communities.
C. The effects that urban migration has had on Latin American women’s lives are
complex and are best evaluated in light of a range of issues concerning Latin
American women’s overall quality of life.
D. The effects of urban migration in Latin America are different for men than they
are for women because of the relatively greater job opportunities and job security
enjoyed by women in urban areas.
E. Urban migration has led to an increasing disparity between the economic
prosperity of Latin American women in the lowest socioeconomic classes and that
of women in the higher socioeconomic classes.
Answer:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q24:
The author mentions which of the following as a disadvantage of urban employment for
Latin American women in the lowest socioeconomic group?
A. It is difficult for these women to obtain reliable, long-term employment.
B. It is difficult for these women to organize effectively in order to obtain better
wages.
C. It is difficult for these women to find employers who are supportive when
emergencies arise.
D. The structure of their jobs makes it difficult for these women to participate in
exchange networks.
E. Working in urban areas makes these women more vulnerable to health problems
than they would be in rural areas.
Answer:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q25:
The author of the passage would most likely agree that the opinions of the Latin
American women discussed in the third paragraph (lines 60-85) are influenced by the
A. fact that urban life has provided them with greater opportunities for upward
mobility than did rural life
B. relative importance they place on the benefits of urban exchange networks in
comparison to those of rural networks.
C. relative importance they place on the conveniences and drawbacks of urban life in
comparison to those of rural life
D. difference in the effects of urban migration on women of higher and lower
socioeconomic classes
E. difference in the effects of urban migration on men and women of the same social
and economic class
Answer:
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 22 Jan 2015, 07:30
11 minutes second question wrong :( !!!!

I had to re read for summarizing ................. but then also got it all wrong
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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 01 Feb 2015, 20:50
Please explain the OA for Q3. I marked CCCC. How can we arrive at B for Q3 ?
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Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2015, 03:42
Hi jogeshanand

The author mentions which of the following as a disadvantage of urban employment for
Latin American women in the lowest socioeconomic group?
A. It is difficult for these women to obtain reliable, long-term employment. [lines 40-45 state it; women working in urban areas actively seek to cultivate long-term employer-employee relations]
B. It is difficult for these women to organize effectively in order to obtain better
wages.
[50-60 lines state it clearly; However, the structure of many poor women’s work—often a labor force of one in an employer’s home—makes it difficult for them to organize to improve their economic conditions in general.]
C. It is difficult for these women to find employers who are supportive when
emergencies arise. [ 45-50 ; When an emergency arises that requires greater resources than an exchange network can provide, these women often appeal for and receive aid from their wealthy employers]
D. The structure of their jobs makes it difficult for these women to participate in
exchange networks. [40-45 lines stae it clearly that women can particiapte in exchange network.]
E. Working in urban areas makes these women more vulnerable to health problems
than they would be in rural areas. [ not discussed]
Re: While acknowledging that there are greater employment   [#permalink] 05 Feb 2015, 03:42
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