While depressed property values can hurt some large : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 21 Jan 2017, 06:40

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# While depressed property values can hurt some large

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 28 Mar 2010
Posts: 34
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 37 [0], given: 0

While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Mar 2010, 09:44
13
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

60% (01:59) correct 40% (01:05) wrong based on 684 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose equity —in many cases representing a life's savings—can plunge or even disappear.

(A) they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose
(B) they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
(C) for homeowners they are potentially devastating, because their
(D) for homeowners, it is potentially devastating in that their
(E) it can potentially devastate homeowners, whose

Can someone please answer this and explain me the rationale? Thank you
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by JarvisR on 01 Sep 2016, 19:38, edited 1 time in total.
If you have any questions
New!
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 27 Aug 2009
Posts: 153
Location: St. Louis, MO
Schools: Cornell (Bach. of Sci.), UCLA Anderson (MBA)
Followers: 184

Kudos [?]: 407 [23] , given: 6

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Mar 2010, 10:44
23
KUDOS
6
This post was
BOOKMARKED
amitdesai16 wrote:
While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose equity —in many cases representing a life's savings—can plunge or even disappear.

(A) they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose
(B) they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
(C) for homeowners they are potentially devastating, because their
(D) for homeowners, it is potentially devastating in that their
(E) it can potentially devastate homeowners, whose

Can someone please answer this and explain me the rationale? Thank you

they/it antecedent is the plural "depressed property values," so eliminate DE.

"their equity" in C is probably intended to mean "homeowners' equity. But the problem is that "they" has already been used to refer to "values." Multiple uses of the same pronoun must have the same antecedent, or ambiguity is created. Eliminate C.

OK: Dogs are wonderful pets; for epileptics they are potentially lifesaving, because their senses can often detect the coming of a seizure before any signs are visible to humans. (Both pronouns refer to dogs; the double use actually emphasizes this correct meaning.)

Not OK: Dogs are wonderful pets; for epileptics they are potentially lifesaving, because their seizures can often occur with no signs visible to humans. (It is unclear whether "their" refers to dogs or epileptics; the double use of the pronoun actually emphasizes the wrong meaning: dogs' seizures.)

Similar ambiguity about "in that their" in B: values' equity or homeowners' equity? Also, that phrase is not great idiomatically.

A is correct. "Whose" clearly refers to the "homeowners" before the comma, due to placement and the fact that "who/whose" must refer to people, not things.
_________________

Emily Sledge | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | St. Louis

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Intern
Joined: 28 Mar 2010
Posts: 34
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 37 [0], given: 0

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Mar 2010, 12:11
Thank you for the quick response.

However, a clarification between A and B is the usage of word "can" vs "are" - any thoughts related to this or this doesn't matter really?
Intern
Joined: 05 Feb 2010
Posts: 18
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 2

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Mar 2010, 07:36
Would "they" confuse as some large investors as to depressed property values?

Can someone explain to that?
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 27 Aug 2009
Posts: 153
Location: St. Louis, MO
Schools: Cornell (Bach. of Sci.), UCLA Anderson (MBA)
Followers: 184

Kudos [?]: 407 [3] , given: 6

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Apr 2010, 07:36
3
KUDOS
amitdesai16 wrote:
Thank you for the quick response.

However, a clarification between A and B is the usage of word "can" vs "are" - any thoughts related to this or this doesn't matter really?

There is certainly a meaning difference between "can" and "are." Consider the difference between "Some birds can talk" (i.e. it is possible) and "some birds are talking" (i.e. right now). I think that difference is of minimal importance in this GMAT question because "potentially" in all choices conveys the "it is possible" meaning.

Ekin4112 wrote:
Would "they" confuse as some large investors as to depressed property values?

Can someone explain to that?

Pronouns don't follow a strict proximity rule (i.e. the antecedent isn't automatically the closest noun, or even the closest preceding noun).

While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners...

Here, "values" and "they" are used the same way: as subjects of the verbs "can hurt" and "are...devastating." Note that these verbs are parallel, both in tense (present) and meaning.

In contrast, "large investors" are the object of the verb, more similar to "(for) homeowners" than to "they." So, the GMAT would not consider this pronoun confusing.
_________________

Emily Sledge | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | St. Louis

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Manager
Joined: 27 Dec 2009
Posts: 171
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 96 [0], given: 3

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Apr 2010, 07:41
nice explanation esledge. Thanks.
Director
Joined: 24 Aug 2007
Posts: 954
WE 1: 3.5 yrs IT
WE 2: 2.5 yrs Retail chain
Followers: 76

Kudos [?]: 1271 [0], given: 40

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Apr 2010, 07:57
This is OG10 question.

While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose equity —in many cases representing a life's savings—can plunge or even disappear.

The tricky part if WHILE, which is used to make a contrast. When we use WHILE then in the contrasting subclause, the noun is preferable to the subject in the main clause. So, THEY is correct.

Here you should avoid CAN in second part as:
While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they can potentially devastating...

Does this combination matches correctly? NO.
This sentence is in progressive format so ARE is correct here.
_________________

Tricky Quant problems: http://gmatclub.com/forum/50-tricky-questions-92834.html
Important Grammer Fundamentals: http://gmatclub.com/forum/key-fundamentals-of-grammer-our-crucial-learnings-on-sc-93659.html

Manager
Joined: 25 Jul 2010
Posts: 141
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 388 [0], given: 29

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Oct 2010, 10:40
So because its a contrast using "While", its preferable to use the pronoun - "they".

Esledge has mentioned above that "Pronouns don't follow a strict proximity rule (i.e. the antecedent isn't automatically the closest noun, or even the closest preceding noun).".

However, I got a different impression when referring to Manhattan SC correction guide.

For pronouns, its not necessary to have proximity to the referred noun?
Manager
Joined: 24 Aug 2010
Posts: 193
Location: Finland
Schools: Admitted: IESE(),HEC, RSM,Esade
WE 1: 3.5 years international
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 92 [0], given: 18

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Oct 2010, 11:27
amitdesai16 wrote:
While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose equity —in many cases representing a life's savings—can plunge or even disappear.

(A) they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose
(B) they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
(C) for homeowners they are potentially devastating, because their
(D) for homeowners, it is potentially devastating in that their
(E) it can potentially devastate homeowners, whose

Can someone please answer this and explain me the rationale? Thank you

A. perfectly fine. "they" modify the "depressed property values".
B is incorrect because of the pronoun "their". Its ambiguous.
C Incorrect: modifies the wrong noun. should modify "depressed property values".
D Incorrect: same reason as C. Also, the use of "it" is ambiguous. what does it really refer to?
e Incorrect: "it" is the wrong pronoun. Needs a plural pronoun "they"
Manager
Status: what we want to do, do it as soon as possible
Joined: 24 May 2010
Posts: 114
Location: Vietnam
WE 1: 5.0
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 61 [0], given: 315

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Nov 2010, 00:41
esledge wrote:
amitdesai16 wrote:
Thank you for the quick response.

However, a clarification between A and B is the usage of word "can" vs "are" - any thoughts related to this or this doesn't matter really?

There is certainly a meaning difference between "can" and "are." Consider the difference between "Some birds can talk" (i.e. it is possible) and "some birds are talking" (i.e. right now). I think that difference is of minimal importance in this GMAT question because "potentially" in all choices conveys the "it is possible" meaning.

Ekin4112 wrote:
Would "they" confuse as some large investors as to depressed property values?

Can someone explain to that?

Pronouns don't follow a strict proximity rule (i.e. the antecedent isn't automatically the closest noun, or even the closest preceding noun).

While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners...

Here, "values" and "they" are used the same way: as subjects of the verbs "can hurt" and "are...devastating." Note that these verbs are parallel, both in tense (present) and meaning.

In contrast, "large investors" are the object of the verb, more similar to "(for) homeowners" than to "they." So, the GMAT would not consider this pronoun confusing.

----------
so, what i understand here is that : can + potentially is redundant. do i understand your explanation right?
_________________

Consider giving me kudos if you find my explanations helpful so i can learn how to express ideas to people more understandable.

Manager
Joined: 07 Dec 2011
Posts: 174
Location: India
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 41 [0], given: 24

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Nov 2012, 08:57
esledge wrote:
amitdesai16 wrote:
Thank you for the quick response.

However, a clarification between A and B is the usage of word "can" vs "are" - any thoughts related to this or this doesn't matter really?

There is certainly a meaning difference between "can" and "are." Consider the difference between "Some birds can talk" (i.e. it is possible) and "some birds are talking" (i.e. right now). I think that difference is of minimal importance in this GMAT question because "potentially" in all choices conveys the "it is possible" meaning.

Ekin4112 wrote:
Would "they" confuse as some large investors as to depressed property values?

Can someone explain to that?

Pronouns don't follow a strict proximity rule (i.e. the antecedent isn't automatically the closest noun, or even the closest preceding noun).

While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners...

Here, "values" and "they" are used the same way: as subjects of the verbs "can hurt" and "are...devastating." Note that these verbs are parallel, both in tense (present) and meaning.

In contrast, "large investors" are the object of the verb, more similar to "(for) homeowners" than to "they." So, the GMAT would not consider this pronoun confusing.

While I understand that pronouns are correctly used only in option A, I believe Option A is not parallel.
While depressed rates hurt large investors they are devastating to.... there seems to be a comparison. Hence, should the two not be parallel i.e. since hurt is given, the correct option must have devastate. Am I missing something or do pronouns trump parallelism?
VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1420
Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Followers: 175

Kudos [?]: 1335 [1] , given: 62

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Nov 2012, 09:56
1
KUDOS
karun0109 wrote:
esledge wrote:
amitdesai16 wrote:
Thank you for the quick response.

However, a clarification between A and B is the usage of word "can" vs "are" - any thoughts related to this or this doesn't matter really?

There is certainly a meaning difference between "can" and "are." Consider the difference between "Some birds can talk" (i.e. it is possible) and "some birds are talking" (i.e. right now). I think that difference is of minimal importance in this GMAT question because "potentially" in all choices conveys the "it is possible" meaning.

Ekin4112 wrote:
Would "they" confuse as some large investors as to depressed property values?

Can someone explain to that?

Pronouns don't follow a strict proximity rule (i.e. the antecedent isn't automatically the closest noun, or even the closest preceding noun).

While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners...

Here, "values" and "they" are used the same way: as subjects of the verbs "can hurt" and "are...devastating." Note that these verbs are parallel, both in tense (present) and meaning.

In contrast, "large investors" are the object of the verb, more similar to "(for) homeowners" than to "they." So, the GMAT would not consider this pronoun confusing.

While I understand that pronouns are correctly used only in option A, I believe Option A is not parallel.
While depressed rates hurt large investors they are devastating to.... there seems to be a comparison. Hence, should the two not be parallel i.e. since hurt is given, the correct option must have devastate. Am I missing something or do pronouns trump parallelism?

Hii karun.
We need to remember that just as looks dont matter in the real world, looks of the words dont count much. In option A, the subject of hurt is "Depressed property values". But if we look on the second clause, "they are potentially devastating" modifies "Depresses property values"
This can be made very clear by looking at an official question.
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filagree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

In this example, both "spawned" and "extending" modify "rootlike tentacles".
Hope that helps.
-s
_________________
Manager
Joined: 31 May 2012
Posts: 166
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 158 [1] , given: 69

While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Jan 2013, 02:40
1
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose equity - in many cases representing a life's savings - can plunge or even disappear.

A. they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose
B. they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
C. for homeowners they are potentially devastating, because their
D. for homeowners, it is potentially devastating in that their
E. it can potentially devastate homeowners, whose

Can you please the sentence construction of this question? I chose option (B), but couldn't understand why it is wrong. Which concept is being tested in this question?
Senior Manager
Joined: 20 Apr 2010
Posts: 250
WE 1: 4.6 years Exp IT prof
Followers: 8

Kudos [?]: 25 [0], given: 51

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Jan 2013, 03:03
Leave apart the grammar rules the meaning itself is enough here to show which one is correct and which one is not
A. they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose
Implies - that these depressed property values surely are devastating for home owners whose life's saving are invested.
B. they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
Implies -- they can which means it is not necessary that it is truly devastating for the homeowners
_________________

I will give a Fight till the End

"To dream anything that you want to dream, that is the beauty of the human mind. To do anything that you want to do, that is the strength of the human will. To trust yourself, to test your limits, that is the courage to succeed."
- Bernard Edmonds

A person who is afraid of Failure can never succeed -- Amneet Padda

Don't Forget to give the KUDOS

Manager
Joined: 05 May 2012
Posts: 67
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 720 Q49 V40
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 25 [2] , given: 16

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Jan 2013, 03:22
2
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose equity - in many cases representing a life's savings - can plunge or even disappear.

A. they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose
B. they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
C. for homeowners they are potentially devastating, because their
D. for homeowners, it is potentially devastating in that their
E. it can potentially devastate homeowners, whose

Again SV agreement is tested here, also pronouns. Also look out for redundancy in answer choices.

in A we need to make sure that the pronoun ''they'' is used correctly as we have tow plurals in the sentence before pronoun reference ''property values'' and ''large investors''

they cannot refer to large investors coz it cannot modify the noun just preceeding it. TOO CLOSE to be be an antecedent we say it.
While in C ''they'' can refer either to large investors or to property values because now it's seperated from large investors and not TOO CLOSE.

So C is OUT.
B has redundancy and also SV.. what does ''their'' reffering to?? OUT
D & E have SV agreement.. use of IT.

Best Regards,
Mansoor

PS: Please consider kudos if you found the post useful
VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1420
Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Followers: 175

Kudos [?]: 1335 [1] , given: 62

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Jan 2013, 03:37
1
KUDOS
umeshpatil wrote:
While depressed property values can hurt some large investors, they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose equity - in many cases representing a life's savings - can plunge or even disappear.

A. they are potentially devastating for homeowners, whose
B. they can potentially devastate homeowners in that their
C. for homeowners they are potentially devastating, because their
D. for homeowners, it is potentially devastating in that their
E. it can potentially devastate homeowners, whose

Can you please the sentence construction of this question? I chose option (B), but couldn't understand why it is wrong. Which concept is being tested in this question?

Hii Umesh.
Note that there is a 3:2 split between the usage of "they" and "it". By choosing the correct split you can raise the probability of selecting the right answer from 20% to 33.3%.
Since "it" cannot modify any noun here, hence D and E are straightaway eliminated.
In A, "whose" modifies the homeowners and hence eliminates the ambiguity.
In B and C, there is an ambiguity in that these choice use "they" which can refer to any of the available plural entity.
Also B has a redundancy issue in that it uses "can" and "potentially" together.
Concept tested: SVA and Redundancy
Hope that helps.
_________________
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 259
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT Date: 07-25-2013
GPA: 3.83
WE: Architecture (Computer Hardware)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 179 [0], given: 99

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Jan 2013, 05:08
Hi umesh,
I hope u need to understand the following things:
1.Their- is used to represent plual things
2.Whose- is used to represent place o thing
3.It-Antecedent should be Singular

Now apply these things in the question you wil get the answer as in OA,

Hope tats clear
_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything

Manager
Joined: 14 Nov 2011
Posts: 149
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.61
WE: Consulting (Manufacturing)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 103

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 May 2013, 06:08
[/quote]Hii karun.
We need to remember that just as looks dont matter in the real world, looks of the words dont count much. In option A, the subject of hurt is "Depressed property values". But if we look on the second clause, "they are potentially devastating" modifies "Depresses property values"
This can be made very clear by looking at an official question.
Scientists have recently discovered what could be the largest and oldest living organism on Earth, a giant fungus that is an interwoven filagree of mushrooms and rootlike tentacles spawned by a single fertilized spore some 10,000 years ago and extending for more than 30 acres in the soil of a Michigan forest.

In this example, both "spawned" and "extending" modify "rootlike tentacles".
Hope that helps.
-s[/quote]

tid-bit - spawned and extending - both participles are describing fungus, not tentacles, and since they are adjectival participles they are parallel.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10535
Followers: 919

Kudos [?]: 203 [0], given: 0

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 May 2014, 05:07
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10535
Followers: 919

Kudos [?]: 203 [0], given: 0

Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Dec 2014, 11:45
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: While depressed property values can hurt some large   [#permalink] 18 Dec 2014, 11:45

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 29 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 While depressed property values can hurt some large 2 19 Mar 2013, 13:18
While depressed property values can hurt some large 0 06 Oct 2016, 08:04
4 While depressed property values can hurt some large 3 11 Aug 2011, 07:51
While depressed property values can hurt some large 4 22 Jul 2008, 10:32
While depressed property values can hurt some large 15 21 Feb 2007, 09:54
Display posts from previous: Sort by