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While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state s

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While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state s [#permalink] New post 20 Feb 2012, 08:44
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

47% (02:39) correct 53% (01:56) wrong based on 76 sessions
While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state’s budget has increased by an average of 6 percent each year. While the previous governor was in office, the state’s budget increased by an average of 11.5 percent each year. Obviously, the austere budgets during Governor Verdant’s term have caused the slowdown in the growth in state spending.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?
(A) The rate of inflation in the state averaged 10 percent each year during the previous governor’s term in office and 3 percent each year during Verdant’s term.
(B) Both federal and state income tax rates have been lowered considerably during Verdant’s term in office.
(C) In each year of Verdant’s term in office, the state’s budget has shown some increase in spending over the previous year.
(D) During Verdant’s term in office, the state has either discontinued or begun to charge private citizens for numerous services that the state offered free to citizens during the previous governor’s term.
(E) During the previous governor’s term in office, the state introduced several so-called “austerity” budgets intended to reduce the growth in state spending.


I chose D, thinking that the previous governor had some budget for free services, now that budget is not there so, less spending. Where is the gap in my understanding?

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: While Governor Verdant has been in office [#permalink] New post 20 Feb 2012, 17:34
Expert's post
The argument boils down to the numbers: the state's budget increased by less percent during
Governor V.'s tenure than that of his predecessor (6% vs. 11.5%). Thus, Gov. V. represented a
slow down in budget spending.

Can we rely solely on the numbers? That question becomes the crux of the conclusion.

What if there was more inflation during the previous governor's tenure? Well, then we have
an alternative explanation for the greater percentage increase in state budget during the
previous governor's term.

Therefore, (A) is the answer.

@newdawn - the phenomenon in (D) could have multiple interpretations. For one, that the state discontinued/charged citizens for services does not definitively prove that the state spending slowed down during Gov. V's time (remember this is the conclusion). Perhaps, the budget actually increased and the funds were spent on other projects, e.g. state highway, etc. Indeed, the money that was saved from not scrapping citizens' services could be used for new projects.

Basically (D) doesn't provide us with any info. regarding the actual budget size during Gov. V's reign - just that certain programs were eliminated.

Hope that helps :)
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Re: While Governor Verdant has been in office [#permalink] New post 20 Feb 2012, 23:22
A is the correct answer as it clearly states an alternate reason why the state’s budget during Governor Verdant term had been lower.
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Re: While Governor Verdant has been in office [#permalink] New post 14 Jun 2012, 23:01
I chose B and fell into a trap: the stimulus refers to state budget; for some reason, I was thinking about state spending.
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Re: While Governor Verdant has been in office [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2012, 05:16
why not e , as austere budget were introduced during previous governors term , Verdant should not be blamed for reduced budget
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Re: While Governor Verdant has been in office [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2012, 20:07
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ChrisLele wrote:
The argument boils down to the numbers: the state's budget increased by less percent during
Governor V.'s tenure than that of his predecessor (6% vs. 11.5%). Thus, Gov. V. represented a
slow down in budget spending.

Can we rely solely on the numbers? That question becomes the crux of the conclusion.

What if there was more inflation during the previous governor's tenure? Well, then we have
an alternative explanation for the greater percentage increase in state budget during the
previous governor's term.

Therefore, (A) is the answer.

@newdawn - the phenomenon in (D) could have multiple interpretations. For one, that the state discontinued/charged citizens for services does not definitively prove that the state spending slowed down during Gov. V's time (remember this is the conclusion). Perhaps, the budget actually increased and the funds were spent on other projects, e.g. state highway, etc. Indeed, the money that was saved from not scrapping citizens' services could be used for new projects.

Basically (D) doesn't provide us with any info. regarding the actual budget size during Gov. V's reign - just that certain programs were eliminated.

Hope that helps :)

Hi Chris

Why option E is incorrect.
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Re: While Governor Verdant has been in office [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2012, 20:16
narangvaibhav wrote:
ChrisLele wrote:
The argument boils down to the numbers: the state's budget increased by less percent during
Governor V.'s tenure than that of his predecessor (6% vs. 11.5%). Thus, Gov. V. represented a
slow down in budget spending.

Can we rely solely on the numbers? That question becomes the crux of the conclusion.

What if there was more inflation during the previous governor's tenure? Well, then we have
an alternative explanation for the greater percentage increase in state budget during the
previous governor's term.

Therefore, (A) is the answer.

@newdawn - the phenomenon in (D) could have multiple interpretations. For one, that the state discontinued/charged citizens for services does not definitively prove that the state spending slowed down during Gov. V's time (remember this is the conclusion). Perhaps, the budget actually increased and the funds were spent on other projects, e.g. state highway, etc. Indeed, the money that was saved from not scrapping citizens' services could be used for new projects.

Basically (D) doesn't provide us with any info. regarding the actual budget size during Gov. V's reign - just that certain programs were eliminated.

Hope that helps :)

Hi Chris

Why option E is incorrect.


hey narangvaibhav, in order to weaken the argument we need to somehow undermine the cause - effect relationship claimed in the argument.
CAUSE: Gov. Verdant's austere budgets
EFFECT: Slowdown in spending.

Choice E is a trap answer because it does not undermine the cause-effect relationship in any way but it distracts you away from the main argument. So what if the previous governor introduced austerity measures? Did these measures actually work? And most importantly, how does this relate to the effectiveness of gov. Verdant's austerity measures? You see, choice E is completely tangential to the argument.
Re: While Governor Verdant has been in office   [#permalink] 16 Jun 2012, 20:16
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