While some academicians believe that business ethics should : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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05 Sep 2008, 07:27
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While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Harley1980 on 22 Jun 2015, 07:19, edited 2 times in total.
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05 Sep 2008, 08:37
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asdert wrote:
While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.

This is a conditional statement. Remember would never appears in the if clause. A & E out

We need to fix if clause based on the rest of the sentence. will take ethics seriously ( will + base verb means if clause should be in present tense ) D is out

C moves only to the middle of the sentence and changes the meaning by adding the adverb separately.

B correctly uses adjectives to modify the noun and remains
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05 Sep 2008, 08:42
You are right, B is the right answer.

I got to the right answer because of the if/then clause and the positioning of 'only,' but when reading the official explanation I couldn't understand why the adverb in C is wrong. Can you elaborate please?

Thanks!
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05 Sep 2008, 22:33
asdert wrote:
While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course -> would is wrong usage with if
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course -> correct usage
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately -> changes the meaning awkward
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course -> was is not correct we need present tense
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately -> would is wrong

Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.

There is a difference between required seperately and seperate ,required course

seperate course and required course
course required seperately changes the meaning
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10 Aug 2011, 07:13
icandy wrote:
asdert wrote:
While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.

This is a conditional statement. Remember would never appears in the if clause. A & E out

We need to fix if clause based on the rest of the sentence. will take ethics seriously ( will + base verb means if clause should be in present tense ) D is out

C moves only to the middle of the sentence and changes the meaning by adding the adverb separately.

B correctly uses adjectives to modify the noun and remains

The only worthy one's are B, C - In C seperately (An adverb) is modifying required course ( not an adjective) and also it changes the intended meaning a bit IMO!
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02 Oct 2012, 19:04
asdert wrote:
While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.

when I solved this problem, I thought "if it is taught only as a course (Which is) required separately"
in setence above, "required" is verb, and "separately" is adv modified "required"
I don't know what is wrong here.
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04 Oct 2012, 02:29
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Problem here in C is the misplaced modifier ‘only. Normally, the limiting adverb ‘only’ modifies an action that follows it. In this thread –only- modifies the verb of teaching in A and B; whereas in C it modifies the course, which changes the meaning, that the students will take it, if is not taught as a course but as something else such as in a symposium or seminar.
With regard to course required separately, the adverb tends to modify the noun –course-; and modifying a noun is not the function of an adverb; an adverb can only modify a verb or adjective. If it were --separate required course --, then it will be ok, since the adverb –separately- now modifies the adjective required.

In C, the term required is not a verb; it is past participle and adjective modifying the noun -course-.
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05 Oct 2012, 02:55
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in gmat sc problem, we alway face at least 2 choices which are correct grammatically and even logically but one of them is wrong because it is not intended meaning.

both C and D are correct grammatically and logically if they stand alone. However, in the original " only if " appears and "only if " is considerd intended meaning and C and D are considered wrong.

experts, pls, discuss this point- about logic and grammatical answer choice but this choice is still wrong because it dose not convey the meaning in the original choice.
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03 May 2014, 02:34
I would like to know whether we can use two items in a series without any conjunction like in this sentence - separate, required course. It sounds a little awkward.
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06 May 2014, 09:57
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Ergenekon wrote:
I would like to know whether we can use two items in a series without any conjunction like in this sentence - separate, required course. It sounds a little awkward.

Dear Ergenekon,

Good question indeed.

Let’s look at another sentence to understand what’s going on in the correct answer to the official question. Consider the following simple sentence:

Emily was a smart, young girl.

In the above sentence, the words smart and young correctly describe the noun girl. Do you agree to that? If yes, do you see how the words smart and required play a similar role in the sentence referred to by you?

Please do let me know what you think.

Regards,
Neeti.
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06 May 2014, 10:18
Yes, thanks a lot for your help.
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06 May 2014, 21:52
Ergenekon wrote:
Yes, thanks a lot for your help.

Glad that you gained clarity on the usage of the two adjectives in the sentence.

Regards,

Neeti.
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25 Jun 2015, 14:01
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20 Jul 2015, 06:52
daagh wrote:
Problem here in C is the misplaced modifier ‘only. Normally, the limiting adverb ‘only’ modifies an action that follows it. In this thread –only- modifies the verb of teaching in A and B; whereas in C it modifies the course, which changes the meaning, that the students will take it, if is not taught as a course but as something else such as in a symposium or seminar.
With regard to course required separately, the adverb tends to modify the noun –course-; and modifying a noun is not the function of an adverb; an adverb can only modify a verb or adjective. If it were --separate required course --, then it will be ok, since the adverb –separately- now modifies the adjective required.

In C, the term required is not a verb; it is past participle and adjective modifying the noun -course-.

"I'll refer only GMAC approved study material". Is the sentence correct? If yes, then here a noun follows only.
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20 Jul 2015, 08:28
Amit.

"I'll refer only GMAC approved study material". Is the sentence correct? If yes, then here a noun follows only.

In your example. only modifies not GMAC but 'GMAC- approved' -- in fact, it would be better to hyphenate it as I have done. Therefore,'Gmac-approved" is an adjective, which is what only modifies. You may see that even the noun study acts as an adjective in this case. The real noun, namely, material is fr away from the adverb , 'only'; Hope this clarifies.
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31 Aug 2015, 22:52
asdert wrote:
While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Can someone explain why the adverb 'separately' in C is wrong? Thanks!

Source: OG Verbal review, Q78.

From the sentence, we can infer that the 'if clause' is a REAL condition. For real condition, when the 'RESULT' clause is in future (will take seriously), the 'if clause' must be in simple present tense. So only B is correct. Had the condition been an UNREAL condition, then 'will take seriously' change to 'would take seriously' and 'it is taught' to 'it were taught'.
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22 Sep 2016, 18:14
SPLIT1) Y will (FUTURE) happen (main clause) only if X (PRESENT) happens (subordinate clause) THIS IS A CONDITIONAL CONSTRUCTION, A, D AND E ARE OUT.

SPLIT2) "ONLY" IS A MISPLACED MODIFIER BECAUSE "ONLY" MODIFIES THE ACTION THAT FOLLOWS IT, IN A AND B "ONLY" IS MODIFYING THE WORD TEACHING, IN C "ONLY" IS MODIFYING THE WORD "COURSE". THIS CHANGES THE MEANING OF THE WHOLE SENTENCES. C IS OUT.

SPLIT3) "A COURSE REQUIRED SEPARATELY" IS WEIRD, C IS OUT.
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07 Jan 2017, 09:16
While some academicians believe that business ethics should be integrated into every business course, others say that students will take ethics seriously only if it would be taught as a separately required course.

- In the conditional If X happens, then will Y - the verb of the main clause should be in the future tense and the verb of the if clause should be in the present tense
A) only if it would be taught as a separately required course - usage of would is incorrect as we need present tense
B) only if it is taught as a separate, required course - Correct
C) if it is taught only as a course required separately - usage of adverb separately distorts meaning ; placement of only distorts meaning
D) if it was taught only as a separate and required course - usage of was is incorrect as we need present tense ; placement of only distorts meaning
E) if it would only be taught as a required course, separately - usage of would is incorrect as we need present tense , placement of only distorts meaning

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