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While the Eastern Whip-poor-will a nocturnal bird that feeds

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While the Eastern Whip-poor-will a nocturnal bird that feeds [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 00:31
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A
B
C
D
E

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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

33% (01:47) correct 66% (01:10) wrong based on 60 sessions
While the Eastern Whip-poor-will–a nocturnal bird that feeds mostly in the very early morning–and the Common Nighthawk–a nocturnal bird from the same family that, despite its name, feeds mostly during the morning and evening–appear equal in size to each other when sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger due to its greater wingspan.

1 appear equal in size to each other when sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger due to its greater wingspan.
2 appear equal in size to one another when sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger due to its greater wingspan.
3 appear equal in size when sitting on a branch or in a nest; in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger because of its greater wingspan.
4 appear equal in size to each other when they are sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger because of its greater wingspan
5 appear equal in size when they are seen on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger because of its greater wingspan.

Please explain! Thanks
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: While the Eastern Whip-poor-will–a nocturnal bird that feeds [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 01:12
While the Eastern Whip-poor-will–a nocturnal bird that feeds mostly in the very early morning–and the Common Nighthawk–a nocturnal bird from the same family that, despite its name, feeds mostly during the morning and evening–appear equal in size to each other when sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger due to its greater wingspan.

"due to" is correctly used if can be replaced by "caused by"
much larger due to (caused by) its greater wingspan. sounds really wrong and is not correct

Option C uses a semicolon and can be eliminated (no need to use it). D and E remain:

4 appear equal in size to each other when they are sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger because of its greater wingspan
5 appear equal in size when they are seen on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger because of its greater wingspan.

both seem correct, so I would focus on which of the two convey the meaning better.
D uses " appear equal in size to each other", correct, but redundant
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Re: While the Eastern Whip-poor-will–a nocturnal bird that feeds [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 01:17
This was tough one I picked D for this one... The official explanation said that E conveyed the meaning better since its the people who are viewing the birds rather than the birds viewing each other...
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Re: While the Eastern Whip-poor-will–a nocturnal bird that feeds [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 04:13
Let me give it atry

While the Eastern Whip-poor-will–a nocturnal bird that feeds mostly in the very early morning–and the Common Nighthawk–a nocturnal bird from the same family that, despite its name, feeds mostly during the morning and evening–appear equal in size to each other when sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger due to its greater wingspan.

1 appear equal in size to each other when sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger due to its greater wingspan.
due to is wrong, due to should be used only when we can replace it by caused by
2 appear equal in size to one another when sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger due to its greater wingspan.
appear equal in size to one another is wrong here
3 appear equal in size when sitting on a branch or in a nest; in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger because of its greater wingspan.
the part after semicolon lacks a comparision object, hence is incomplete
4 appear equal in size to each other when they are sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger because of its greater wingspan
appear equal in size to each other is wordy when compared to E
5 appear equal in size when they are seen on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger because of its greater wingspan.
Correct

Hope it helps!!
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Re: While the Eastern Whip-poor-will–a nocturnal bird that feeds [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 08:31
While the Eastern Whip-poor-will–a nocturnal bird that feeds mostly in the very early morning–and the Common Nighthawk–a nocturnal bird from the same family that, despite its name, feeds mostly during the morning and evening–appear equal in size to each other when sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger due to its greater wingspan.

A. appear equal in size to each other when sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger due to its greater wingspan.
Would have been fine. Except that the use of each other kinda complicates the sentence. You aren't sure whether the author is comparing their sizes or their sizes when sitting on a branch or in a nest.

B. appear equal in size to one another when sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger due to its greater wingspan.
Whether my analysis for A applies or not, you can never compare two things with one another. You always use each other for such comparisons.

C. appear equal in size when sitting on a branch or in a nest; in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger because of its greater wingspan.
D. appear equal in size to each other when they are sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger because of its greater wingspan.
C is complex in construction. I eliminated D because same size as each other complicates the sentence like in A.

E. appear equal in size when they are seen on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger because of its greater wingspan.
Perfecto! It's simple, yet conveys the point.
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Re: While the Eastern Whip-poor-will–a nocturnal bird that feeds [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 09:00
It's a meaning question.

Do the birds look at each other, and think they're the same size? no... that rules out ABC and D.
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Re: While the Eastern Whip-poor-will–a nocturnal bird that feeds [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 17:20
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fozzzy wrote:
While the Eastern Whip-poor-will–a nocturnal bird that feeds mostly in the very early morning–and the Common Nighthawk–a nocturnal bird from the same family that, despite its name, feeds mostly during the morning and evening–appear equal in size to each other when sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger due to its greater wingspan.

1 appear equal in size to each other when sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger due to its greater wingspan.
2 appear equal in size to one another when sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger due to its greater wingspan.
3 appear equal in size when sitting on a branch or in a nest; in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger because of its greater wingspan.
4 appear equal in size to each other when they are sitting on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger because of its greater wingspan
5 appear equal in size when they are seen on a branch or in a nest, in the air, the Common Nighthawk appears much larger because of its greater wingspan.

Please explain! Thanks


Well as explained above 'due to' eliminated A and B. C is incorrect because semi-colon is used to separate two sentences which are independent , but have related meaning. The 1st sentence, although long , is in-complete.
While X and Y appear appear equal in size to each other when sitting on a branch or in a nest [this is an incomplete thought or it's a subordinate clause. Semi-colon can't connect subordinate or dependent clauses. Hence this option is out]
D as explained above is out because of redundandancy.

Hence E.
Re: While the Eastern Whip-poor-will–a nocturnal bird that feeds   [#permalink] 11 Jun 2013, 17:20
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