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why is this wrong???

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why is this wrong??? [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2010, 09:28
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Can anyone pls explain why the following sentence is wrong?

"Based on several manuscripts that date back to the middle ages, historians believe that Charlemagne first rose to power as a mere teenager."

The official answer is, "Using several manuscripts that date back to the middle ages,historians believe that Charlemagne first rose to power as a mere teenager."

Thanks in advance!
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Re: why is this wrong??? [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2010, 09:33
I think OA is wrong. 'Using manuscripts ... to believe' just sounds wrong.

OA's can be wrong too.....sometimes..... :lol:
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Re: why is this wrong??? [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2010, 09:56
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Limiting to Kyro’s question, why -based on.... - is incorrect here: This is a classic case of dangling modifier, wherein, if we were to find out who or what was based on several manuscripts, we do not have the answer threw. The historians were not for sure based on manuscripts. In order to make the sentences sensible we have to re-word it as - using several …, the historians ….. . Now for the question, which used the manuscripts, you get the right answer, i.e. the historians.

The OA might as well be Ok, unless something better is among the other three choices.
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Re: why is this wrong??? [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2010, 09:58
iyer, OA is correct.

This is a MODIFIER problem.

"Using several manuscripts that date back to the middle ages" ..... modifies historians. The historians used several manuscripts. -ing is a present participle. The term before the comma is suppose to modify the noun HISTORIANS. Remember the touch rule - A noun modifier needs to touch the noun it modifies (unlike a verb modifier).
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Re: why is this wrong??? [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2010, 10:06
Hi Kyro,

You must never ever question GMAT OA, becasue they are always correct.


"Based on several manuscripts that date back to the middle ages, historians believe that Charlemagne first rose to power as a mere teenager." - historians are not based on manuscripts- it is nonsence :), Ex: his conslusion bases on correct premises and facts - is correct usage.

The official answer is, "Using several manuscripts that date back to the middle ages,historians believe that Charlemagne first rose to power as a mere teenager." - historians used several manuscripts. -correct
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Re: why is this wrong??? [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2010, 10:15
Using X, Y did something. Y - historians- subject- who did something.

Based on X, Y was done. Y- Object- something was done on Y.
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Re: why is this wrong??? [#permalink] New post 27 Oct 2010, 09:14
Thanks guys!! And Pkit, this is not an official GMAT question. . just something i saw online :) Am sure not gonna question OA. Iknow they spend big money :):)
Re: why is this wrong???   [#permalink] 27 Oct 2010, 09:14
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