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Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to

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Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to [#permalink] New post 02 Dec 2011, 11:08
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Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce statewide bans prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings.

(A) prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(B) prohibiting that landfills accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(C) prohibiting landfills from accepting leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(D) that leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills
(E) that landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings



[Reveal] Spoiler:
isn't Ban fallowed by prohibiting is redundant ?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun [#permalink] New post 02 Dec 2011, 11:44
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Here's the explanation:

ban and prohibit mean the same thing, but in this context, their usage is different and hence they complement each other.
Here, the sentence is actually trying to say that Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida and Minnesota do not accept leaves, brush and grass clippings in their landfills.

Option A uses an incorrect idiom. The correct idiom is 'prohibit ... from' and not 'prohibit ... to'. Hence incorrect.

Option B suffers from a similar error. 'Prohibiting that' is incorrect usage.

Options C is the clearest answer choice here. It correctly uses the idiom 'prohibiting ... from'. Hence this is the correct answer.

Options D and E are both incorrect because they do not have a clear meaning due to the usage of 'bans that'.

Hope this helps!
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun [#permalink] New post 02 Dec 2011, 12:29
Thanks !!

i x out the first three, ....SCCCCCCC :rocket
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun [#permalink] New post 02 Dec 2011, 13:33
sudish wrote:
Here's the explanation:

ban and prohibit mean the same thing, but in this context, their usage is different and hence they complement each other.
Here, the sentence is actually trying to say that Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida and Minnesota do not accept leaves, brush and grass clippings in their landfills.

Option A uses an incorrect idiom. The correct idiom is 'prohibit ... from' and not 'prohibit ... to'. Hence incorrect.

Option B suffers from a similar error. 'Prohibiting that' is incorrect usage.

Options C is the clearest answer choice here. It correctly uses the idiom 'prohibiting ... from'. Hence this is the correct answer.

Options D and E are both incorrect because they do not have a clear meaning due to the usage of 'bans that'.

Hope this helps!


@sudish - why usage of 'bans that' is incorrect? Can you illustrate?
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun [#permalink] New post 02 Dec 2011, 23:17
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@Capricorn369:

Let's look at the first part of the sentence:
'Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce statewide bans'
This part can stand on its own and hence it's an independent clause.

The next part of the sentence in options D and E are:
'leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills' and
'landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings'
Both these sentences are independent clauses as well and as such, can stand on their own.
The first part of the sentence does not require the second part to complete its meaning. Hence, the second part is non-essential and is therefore a non-restrictive clause.

Now, we know that we use 'that' only when the clause is restrictive. If the clause is non-restrictive, we use 'which' so that the clause acts as subordinate to the main clause.

Had the options D and E been of the form:
'prohibit landfills from accepting leaves, brush and grass clippings.'
they would have been correct because the latter part would have then acted as a restrictive clause required to complete the meaning of the main clause and could have been aptly joined to the main clause using 'that'.

Hope this is clear now!
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2011, 04:45
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shrive555 wrote:
Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce statewide bans prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings.

(A) Same
(B) prohibiting that landfills accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(C) prohibiting landfills from accepting leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(D) that leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills
(E) that landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings

isn't Ban fallowed by prohibiting is redundant ?


Nope, it is not redundant, " prohibiting landfills from accepting leaves, brush, and grass clippings" is the adjective phrase that help the meaning of "statewide bans" is clearer. The right idiom is "prohibit X from Y". Other choices seem awkward and wrong idiom. Choice D and E do not have clear meaning when use form "bans that"
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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2013, 12:58
shrive555 wrote:
Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to enforce statewide bans prohibiting landfills to accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings.

(A) Same
(B) prohibiting that landfills accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(C) prohibiting landfills from accepting leaves, brush, and grass clippings
(D) that leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills
(E) that landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings



isn't Ban fallowed by prohibiting is redundant ?


Also, recall this example
The law PROHIBITS any citizen FROM VOTING twice (The law PROHIBITS any citizen TO VOTE twice/PROHIBITS THAT any person VOTE twice are both wrong)

According to my notes

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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to [#permalink] New post 05 Apr 2014, 08:03
Experts,

Can anyone explain the reasoning behind the OE from VR2 why (D) and (E) are wrong?

(D) that leaves, brush, and grass clippings cannot be accepted in landfills

OE:Bans that . . . cannot be accepted is not a correct idiom and does not make sense.

(E). that landfills cannot accept leaves, brush, and grass clippings

OE:Bans that . . . cannot accept is an incorrect idiom, and cannot following bans is illogical.

Can someone come up with the idioms starting with BANS?

Why cannot following BANS is illogical?

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Re: Wisconsin, Illinois, Florida, and Minnesota have begun to   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2014, 08:03
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