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With a record number of new companies starting up in [#permalink]
05 Sep 2010, 01:59
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With a record number of new companies starting up in Derderia, and with previously established companies adding many new jobs, a record number of new jobs were created last year in the Derderian economy. This year, previously established companies will not be adding as many new jobs overall as such companies added last year. Therefore, unless a record number of companies start up this year, Derderia will not break its record for new jobs created. Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies? A. In a given year, new companies starting up create more new jobs on average than do previously established companies. B. The number of people seeking employment is no larger this year than it was last year. C. This year, the new companies starting up will not provide substantially more jobs per company than did new companies last year. D. Previously established companies in Derderia will be less profitable this year than such companies were last year. E. The number of jobs created in the Derderian economy last year was substantially larger than the number of jobs lost.
new jobs created = jobs created by new companies + new jobs added by established companies
The stimulus says that the established companies will not be adding as many new jobs as they did last year. Hence for the number of new jobs created this year to be greater than that created last year, number of jobs created by new companies this year should be greater than that created by the new companies last year. The argument concludes that this can be possible only if number of new companies this year is greater than the number of new companies last year. The conclusion can hold only if we assume that the new companies starting up will not provide substantially more jobs per company than did new companies last year.
It cannot be A because there is no clear statement anywhere in the passage saying new companies create more jobs than the established companies on a given year when they are equal in numbers .
To be more precise, the number of jobs created between old and new companies was never compared or discussed. When the old companies don't create more jobs , it says that "unless a record number of new companies start this year" . So it means the number of new companies should be more than the previous year . Say there were Last year = 5 new companies --- > 50 new jobs | 10 jobs per comp This year = same 5 new new companies --> 60 new jobs | 12 jobs per comp But the argument states that the new companies should be more to create more jobs , so the assumption is average number of jobs per company does not increase. ( If it increases , then the number of new companies need not be more than the previous year to achieve more new jobs ) - Option C
C clearly. Fills the gap between the Premise-with previously established companies adding many new jobs, a record number of new jobs were created last year in the Derderian economy and Conclusion-unless a record number of companies start up this year, Derderia will not break its record for new jobs created.
Re: Interesting one !
03 Nov 2011, 01:55
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