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With a record number of new companies starting up in

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With a record number of new companies starting up in [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2012, 10:36
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With a record number of new companies starting up in Derderia and with previously established companies adding many jobs, a record number of new jobs were created last year in the Derderian economy. This year, previously established companies will not be adding as many new jobs overall as such companies added last year. Therefore, unless a record number of companies start up this year, Derderia will not break its record for the new jobs created.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

A. Each year, new companies starting up create more new jobs overall than do previously established companies.
B. Companies established last year will not add a greater number of jobs overall this year than they did last year.
C. This year, the new companies starting up will not provide substantially more jobs per company than did new companies last year.
D. This year, the overall number of jobs created by previously established companies will be less than the overall number of jobs lost at those companies.
E. The number of jobs created in the Derderian economy last year was substantially larger than the number of jobs lost last year.

Help with the Explanation of Answer
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Derderia: [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2012, 16:13
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+1 C

Check my explanations below 8-)

monikaleoster wrote:
With a record number of new companies starting up in Derderia and with previously established companies adding many jobs, a record number of new jobs were created last year in the Derderian economy. This year, previously established companies will not be adding as many new jobs overall as such companies added last year. Therefore, unless a record number of companies start up this year, Derderia will not break its record for the new jobs created.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

A. Each year, new companies starting up create more new jobs overall than do previously established companies. - The argument doesn't talk about trends. Out of scope.
B. Companies established last year will not add a greater number of jobs overall this year than they did last year. - This rephrase a premise already stated in the argument (notice the words in blue).
C. This year, the new companies starting up will not provide substantially more jobs per company than did new companies last year.- CORRECT. If there are more new jobs per new company, there is a possibility of reaching a new record.
D. This year, the overall number of jobs created by previously established companies will be less than the overall number of jobs lost at those companies. - We are talking about new jobs. It doesn't matter whether there were lost jobs. (Shell game choice!)
E. The number of jobs created in the Derderian economy last year was substantially larger than the number of jobs lost last year. - Same as D

Help with the Explanation of Answer

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Re: With a record number of new companies starting up in [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2016, 10:42
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Although i got it wrong the first time but a bit of logic came up with this explanation :-

Last Year :-
NOs No of Jobs
Startup = 10 100 per company 10 Jobs
Estb Cmpny =10 200
Total = 20 300

This year :-
Now start ups are now Estb Companies
Now if in negation state the new 15 companies create 10jobs per company
Start up = 10 100
Estb Cmpny = 20 150( Cz they will not create more jobs)
Total 250

So in this scenario we will need more Start Up as written in the Stimulus.

Hence the C

I hope this clears up a bit......

But it is cumbersome and certainly not a sub minute thing...
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Re: With a record number of new companies starting up in [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2016, 09:36
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monikaleoster wrote:
With a record number of new companies starting up in Derderia and with previously established companies adding many jobs, a record number of new jobs were created last year in the Derderian economy. This year, previously established companies will not be adding as many new jobs overall as such companies added last year. Therefore, unless a record number of companies start up this year, Derderia will not break its record for the new jobs created.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

A. Each year, new companies starting up create more new jobs overall than do previously established companies.
B. Companies established last year will not add a greater number of jobs overall this year than they did last year.
C. This year, the new companies starting up will not provide substantially more jobs per company than did new companies last year.
D. This year, the overall number of jobs created by previously established companies will be less than the overall number of jobs lost at those companies.
E. The number of jobs created in the Derderian economy last year was substantially larger than the number of jobs lost last year.

Help with the Explanation of Answer


Negating C: This year, the new companies starting up will provide substantially more jobs per company than did new companies last year.
How is this weakening the conclusion and not strengthening it?
I think A should be the answer
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Re: Derderia: [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2012, 04:18
The conclusion is a record number of companies should start this year... So more number of companies is to be started than last year.. Thus the jobs per company this year will be less than the previous year... C it is...
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Re: With a record number of new companies starting up in [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2013, 21:31
Hi,

Can someone explain me how to rule out A over C

Regards,
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Re: Derderia: [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2013, 02:52
metallicafan wrote:
+1 C

Check my explanations below 8-)

monikaleoster wrote:
With a record number of new companies starting up in Derderia and with previously established companies adding many jobs, a record number of new jobs were created last year in the Derderian economy. This year, previously established companies will not be adding as many new jobs overall as such companies added last year. Therefore, unless a record number of companies start up this year, Derderia will not break its record for the new jobs created.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

A. Each year, new companies starting up create more new jobs overall than do previously established companies. - The argument doesn't talk about trends. Out of scope.
B. Companies established last year will not add a greater number of jobs overall this year than they did last year. - This rephrase a premise already stated in the argument (notice the words in blue).
C. This year, the new companies starting up will not provide substantially more jobs per company than did new companies last year.- CORRECT. If there are more new jobs per new company, there is a possibility of reaching a new record.
D. This year, the overall number of jobs created by previously established companies will be less than the overall number of jobs lost at those companies. - We are talking about new jobs. It doesn't matter whether there were lost jobs. (Shell game choice!)
E. The number of jobs created in the Derderian economy last year was substantially larger than the number of jobs lost last year. - Same as D

Help with the Explanation of Answer


Hi metallicafan,

Thanks for the explaination.
---
Just a quick question:
What is a Shell game Choice?
----
Thanks again
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Re: With a record number of new companies starting up in [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2013, 00:34
veenu08 wrote:
Hi,

Can someone explain me how to rule out A over C

Regards,
Veenu


Hi Veenu, the way I negated 'A' is - 'A' generalizes the situation (refer to the words: Each year) but here we are talking about a scenario which is specific to this year and 'C' is straight about this year, so I was able to weigh 'C' over 'A'. Not sure though if its the right approach.

Others' comments/explanation are very much welcome! :)
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Re: With a record number of new companies starting up in [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2014, 20:26
metallicafan has a great view about this question,GJ!
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Re: With a record number of new companies starting up in [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2015, 10:28
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: With a record number of new companies starting up in [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2016, 14:44
monikaleoster wrote:
With a record number of new companies starting up in Derderia and with previously established companies adding many jobs, a record number of new jobs were created last year in the Derderian economy. This year, previously established companies will not be adding as many new jobs overall as such companies added last year. Therefore, unless a record number of companies start up this year, Derderia will not break its record for the new jobs created.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

A. Each year, new companies starting up create more new jobs overall than do previously established companies.
B. Companies established last year will not add a greater number of jobs overall this year than they did last year.
C. This year, the new companies starting up will not provide substantially more jobs per company than did new companies last year.
D. This year, the overall number of jobs created by previously established companies will be less than the overall number of jobs lost at those companies.
E. The number of jobs created in the Derderian economy last year was substantially larger than the number of jobs lost last year.

Help with the Explanation of Answer



My answer would be C as well.

Author concludes that there should be more companies starting up this year when compared to last year, as the total number of jobs added by previously established companies this year when compared to last year is fewer.

The Author is comparing number of companies starting up this year, to number of jobs added by Previously Established Companies (PEC), which is not really apples to apples, unless the author assumes that each new company adds the same number of jobs every year.


A. Each year, new companies starting up create more new jobs overall than do previously established companies. Irrelevant. Author concludes that total number of jobs added by startup companies should be greater than last year and this statement has no relevance to the conclusion.
B. Companies established last year will not add a greater number of jobs overall this year than they did last year. Incorrect. Companies established last year are a subset of "previously established companies". The author already says that previously established companies will not add as many jobs as they did last year.
C. This year, the new companies starting up will not provide substantially more jobs per company than did new companies last year. Correct. The Author is comparing number of companies starting up this year, to number of jobs added by previously established companies, which is not really apples to apples, unless the author assumes that each new company adds the same number of jobs every year.
D. This year, the overall number of jobs created by previously established companies will be less than the overall number of jobs lost at those companies. Irrelevant. This statement just tells you that jobs were added at PE .
E. The number of jobs created in the Derderian economy last year was substantially larger than the number of jobs lost last year. Irrelevant. We know that a record number of jobs were added last year. The comparison of jobs added vs lost last year has no relevance.
Re: With a record number of new companies starting up in   [#permalink] 13 Jun 2016, 14:44
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