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With adjustments for inflation,the relative cost of welfare

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With adjustments for inflation,the relative cost of welfare [#permalink] New post 24 Jul 2005, 19:03
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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  25% (low)

Question Stats:

53% (01:45) correct 47% (00:30) wrong based on 32 sessions
With adjustments for inflation,the relative cost of welfare benefits has been dropping since 1973, resulting in the welfare program now costing about 3 billion real dollars less to implement than in 1973

(a)resulting in the welfare program now costing about 3 billion real dollars less to implement than
(b)resulting in the welfare program now costing about 3 billion real dollars less to implement as
(c)resulting in the welfare program now costing about 3 billion real dollars less to implement than it did
(d)and as a result the welfare program now costs about 3 billion real dollars less to implement than it did
(e)and the welfare program now costs about 3 billion real dollars less as a result to implement than
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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 [#permalink] New post 24 Jul 2005, 22:44
is the answer C? the que is tough no doubt, but i'll try to post my reason after u tell me wat the right answer is
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 [#permalink] New post 25 Jul 2005, 01:05
A - Not very clear. Comparisons are made between the costs to implement. So elliptical verb is required.
B - Wrong Idiom - "as"
C - Keep
D and E - modifies te meaning of the sentence.

Hence "C"

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 [#permalink] New post 25 Jul 2005, 05:21
OA is not C .. :-)

have another try ...
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 [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2005, 17:28
D it is ..

can anyone explain why not C

since participle phrase/clause modifies the idea of the main clause
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 [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2005, 17:43
C is correct as all others answers compare cost with 1973. Only C removes this ambiguity by using than it did
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Re: Welfare benefits [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2005, 17:50
D. "it: in C is not correct. it should be they. also need "than" after less to make the comparision logical.
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Re: Welfare benefits [#permalink] New post 14 Sep 2011, 01:58
IMO the answer should be D.
In the sentence there is a comma after the sentence "... dropping since 1973," hence "resulting" should not be used. "Resulting" could have been used if there were no comma.

Hence D suits more logically to the sentence fulfilling "... dropping since 1973, and as a result..."
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Re: Welfare benefits [#permalink] New post 14 Sep 2011, 03:19
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Notwithstanding that the OA is D, I have my reasons to rebut it. After all, both C and D use ‘it’; they also use 'than it did’; the difference lies in D being a compound sentence and C being a simple sentence with a participial modifier

The use of a participle modifier is legal and appropriate in order to modify the theme of the dropping cost, which is causing the reduction in costs now. A participle can modify either the noun or the idea lying before it.
The question is whether you will use a simple sentence or a more verbose compound sentence to express a phenomenon. I reckon a simple sentence is to be logically preferred over the compound sentence. Hence, I prefer C.

However, please appreciate that both 'resulting' and 'costing' are participles and not gerunds. Again, we cannot use resulting without the comma before that since that will mean wrongly that resulting modifies 1973, giving an absurd meaning.
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Re: Welfare benefits [#permalink] New post 14 Sep 2011, 10:38
IMO C

I do not understand how D is a right possibility. Can someone please summarize the sentence as you can see it as a right option? I do not understand how - and +"," are going together in that sentence.

thanks.
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Re: Welfare benefits [#permalink] New post 14 Sep 2011, 12:55
I carelessly picked C, but I understand why D is better.
I think is a matter of meaning. In option D "and as a result the welfare program now costs about 3 billion real dollars less to implement than it did "cost not costing" in 1973
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With adjustments for inflation,the relative cost of welfare [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2014, 03:17
Any of the Moderators please reply.
Why D over C ?

As per me ,and is used
1. in case there are more than 2 elements in the list
2. to connect two independent clauses i.e. it begins a new clause with S-V pair.

But here we need to show the result of a previous clause, So i guess "-ing" Usage is better .
With adjustments for inflation,the relative cost of welfare   [#permalink] 02 Jul 2014, 03:17
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