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Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea

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Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal idea [#permalink] New post 05 Apr 2004, 18:59
Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal
idea of the economic market when he said that
the free enterprise system is the most efficient
economic system. Maximum freedom means
(5) maximum productiveness; our "openness" is to
be the measure of our stability. Fascination with
this ideal has made Americans defy the "Old
World" categories of settled possessiveness versus
unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention
(10) versus the cupidity of seizure, a "status quo"
defended or attacked. The United States, it was
believed, had no status quo ante. Our only "sta-
tion" was the turning of a stationary wheel, spin-
ning faster and faster. We did not base our
(15) system on property but opportunity---which
meant we based it not on stability but on mobil-
ity. The more things changed, that is, the more
rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would
be. The conventional picture of class politics is
(20) composed of the Haves, who want a stability to
keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who
want a touch of instability and change in which
to scramble for the things they have not. But
Americans imagined a condition in which spec-
(25) ulators, self-makers, runners are always using the
new opportunities given by our land. These eco-
nomic leaders (front-runners) would thus he
mainly agents of change. The nonstarters were
considered the ones who wanted stability, a
(30) strong referee to give them some position in the
race, a regulative hand to calm manic specula-
tion; an authority that can call things to a halt,
begin things again from compensatorily stag-
gered "starting lines."
(35) "Reform" in America has been sterile because
it can imagine no change except through the
extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclu-
sion of competitors, "a piece of the action," as it
were, for the disenfranchised. There is no
(40) attempt to call off the race. Since our only sta-
bility is change, America seems not to honor the
quiet work that achieves social interdependence
and stability. There is, in our legends, no hero-
ism of the office clerk, no stable industrial work
(45) force of the people who actually make the system
work. There is no pride in being an employee
(Wilson asked for a return to the time when
everyone was an employer). There has been no
boasting about our social workers---they are
(50) merely signs of the system's failure, of opportu-
nity denied or not taken, of things to be elimi-
nated. We have no pride in our growing
interdependence, in the fact that our system can
serve others, that we are able to help those in
(55) need; empty boasts from the past make us
ashamed of our present achievements, make us
try to forget or deny them, move away from
them. There is no honor but in the Wonderland
race we must all run, all trying to win, none
(60) winning in the end (for there is no end).

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) criticize the inflexibility of American economic
mythology
(B) contrast "Old World" and "New World" economic
ideologies
(C) challenge the integrity of traditional political
leaders
(D) champion those Americans whom the author
deems to be neglected
(E) suggest a substitute for the traditional metaphor
of a race

2. It can be inferred from the passage that the author
most probably thinks that giving the disenfranchised
"a piece of the action " (line 38) is
(A) a compassionate, if misdirected, legislative
measure
(B) an example of Americans' resistance to profound
social change
(C) an innovative program for genuine social reform
(D) a monument to the efforts of industrial reformers
(E) a surprisingly "Old World" remedy for social ills

3. It can be inferred from the passage that Woodrow
Wilson's ideas about the economic market
(A) encouraged those who "make the system work"
(lines 45-46)
(B) perpetuated traditional legends about America
(C) revealed the prejudices of a man born wealthy
(D) foreshadowed the stock market crash of 1929
(E) began a tradition of presidential proclamations on
economics

4. The passage contains information that would answer
which of the following questions?
Ⅰ.What techniques have industrialists used to
manipulate a free market?
Ⅱ.In what ways are " New World" and " Old World"
economic policies similar?
Ⅲ. Has economic policy in the United States tended
to reward independent action?
(A) Ⅰonly
(B) Ⅱonly
(C) Ⅲ only
(D) Ⅰand Ⅱ only
(E) Ⅱand Ⅲ only

5. Which of the following best expresses the author's
main point?
(A) Americans' pride in their jobs continues to give
them stamina today.
(B) The absence of a status quo ante has
undermined United States economic structure.
(C) The free enterprise system has been only a
useless concept in the United States
(D) The myth of the American free enterprise system
is seriously flawed.
(E) Fascination with the ideal of "openness" has
made Americans a progressive people.
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 [#permalink] New post 06 Apr 2004, 05:09
B ( unsure abt this),
E,
A,
C,
E.

8<Time<9

Vivek.
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 [#permalink] New post 06 Apr 2004, 05:18
Hmm. This was a bit boring. 9 mins

1) A
2) E
3) B
4) C
5) D
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 [#permalink] New post 06 Apr 2004, 06:28
1) B
2) C
3) B
4) C
5) E

Time : approx. 8-9 minutes
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 [#permalink] New post 06 Apr 2004, 12:34
1. B
2. C
3. A
4. C
5. E

Time: 14 mins
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 [#permalink] New post 06 Apr 2004, 15:07
10 minutes

1.B
2.C
3.B
4.C
5.E

In my opinon this is the worst RC. What a run on RC deliebrately written to confuse people. I believe one should practice such boring topics so that in the test one wont feel like getting up and walking out.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Apr 2004, 00:47
tough one :?

1 - E
2 - B
3 - A
4 - C
5 - D

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Re: [#2] RC Challenge : Woodrow Wilson [#permalink] New post 08 Apr 2004, 17:06
Ndidi and dharmin came really close. but this was a tough one. sure to shake you up. Ndidi, can you provide some brief explanations for your answers. :roll:

Quote:
Woodrow Wilson was referring to the liberal
idea of the economic market when he said that
the free enterprise system is the most efficient
economic system. Maximum freedom means
(5) maximum productiveness; our "openness" is to
be the measure of our stability. Fascination with
this ideal has made Americans defy the "Old
World" categories of settled possessiveness versus
unsettling deprivation, the cupidity of retention
(10) versus the cupidity of seizure, a "status quo"
defended or attacked. The United States, it was
believed, had no status quo ante. Our only "sta-
tion" was the turning of a stationary wheel, spin-
ning faster and faster. We did not base our
(15) system on property but opportunity---which
meant we based it not on stability but on mobil-
ity. The more things changed, that is, the more
rapidly the wheel turned, the steadier we would
be. The conventional picture of class politics is
(20) composed of the Haves, who want a stability to
keep what they have, and the Have-Nots, who
want a touch of instability and change in which
to scramble for the things they have not. But
Americans imagined a condition in which spec-
(25) ulators, self-makers, runners are always using the
new opportunities given by our land. These eco-
nomic leaders (front-runners) would thus he
mainly agents of change. The nonstarters were
considered the ones who wanted stability, a
(30) strong referee to give them some position in the
race, a regulative hand to calm manic specula-
tion; an authority that can call things to a halt,
begin things again from compensatorily stag-
gered "starting lines."
(35) "Reform" in America has been sterile because
it can imagine no change except through the
extension of this metaphor of a race, wider inclu-
sion of competitors, "a piece of the action," as it
were, for the disenfranchised. There is no
(40) attempt to call off the race. Since our only sta-
bility is change, America seems not to honor the
quiet work that achieves social interdependence
and stability. There is, in our legends, no hero-
ism of the office clerk, no stable industrial work
(45) force of the people who actually make the system
work. There is no pride in being an employee
(Wilson asked for a return to the time when
everyone was an employer). There has been no
boasting about our social workers---they are
(50) merely signs of the system's failure, of opportu-
nity denied or not taken, of things to be elimi-
nated. We have no pride in our growing
interdependence, in the fact that our system can
serve others, that we are able to help those in
(55) need; empty boasts from the past make us
ashamed of our present achievements, make us
try to forget or deny them, move away from
them. There is no honor but in the Wonderland
race we must all run, all trying to win, none
(60) winning in the end (for there is no end).

Quote:
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) criticize the inflexibility of American economic
mythology
(B) contrast "Old World" and "New World" economic
ideologies
(C) challenge the integrity of traditional political
leaders
(D) champion those Americans whom the author
deems to be neglected
(E) suggest a substitute for the traditional metaphor
of a race

Answer : A

Quote:
2. It can be inferred from the passage that the author
most probably thinks that giving the disenfranchised
"a piece of the action " (line 38) is
(A) a compassionate, if misdirected, legislative
measure
(B) an example of Americans' resistance to profound
social change
(C) an innovative program for genuine social reform
(D) a monument to the efforts of industrial reformers
(E) a surprisingly "Old World" remedy for social ills

Answer : B
Quote:
3. It can be inferred from the passage that Woodrow
Wilson's ideas about the economic market
(A) encouraged those who "make the system work"
(lines 45-46)
(B) perpetuated traditional legends about America
(C) revealed the prejudices of a man born wealthy
(D) foreshadowed the stock market crash of 1929
(E) began a tradition of presidential proclamations on
economics

Answer : B

Quote:
4. The passage contains information that would answer
which of the following questions?
Ⅰ.What techniques have industrialists used to
manipulate a free market?
Ⅱ.In what ways are " New World" and " Old World"
economic policies similar?
Ⅲ. Has economic policy in the United States tended
to reward independent action?
(A) Ⅰonly
(B) Ⅱonly
(C) Ⅲ only
(D) Ⅰand Ⅱ only
(E) Ⅱand Ⅲ only

Answer : C

Quote:
5. Which of the following best expresses the author's
main point?
(A) Americans' pride in their jobs continues to give
them stamina today.
(B) The absence of a status quo ante has
undermined United States economic structure.
(C) The free enterprise system has been only a
useless concept in the United States
(D) The myth of the American free enterprise system
is seriously flawed.
(E) Fascination with the ideal of "openness" has
made Americans a progressive people.

Answer : D
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 [#permalink] New post 08 Apr 2004, 18:37
This is a warning for all those got many wrong. I can confidently say that those who chose A for Q1 understood the passage and everyone else did not. I and kpadma have been practicing RCs and getting most of the answers in LSAT book correct but this RC took us by surprise

The first paragraph is completely useless and does not contribute to what the author is saying.It merely sets up a context. The second poaragraph is a severe critisism. I think this is what everyone else missed. We have been practicing on determining the tone of the author and concentrated completely on the first paragraph. By the time we reached mid portion of last paragraph we had madeup our mind and since the RC sucked big time as far as creating interest is concerned I just finished last few lines just for the heck of it.

I was so confident on choosing E for the last Q but I can give definitive answers why Q1 is A and Q5 is D.

I was infact going to challenge ndidi04 but fortunately I read the last paragraph without reading the first paragraph.
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 [#permalink] New post 09 Apr 2004, 08:32
Hey guys,

Although we're cautioned not to select answer choices with strong words, we have to do so if the passage has a strong tone.

For Question 1,

A seemed like the best choice because the writer basically bashed the American way of doing things. All through the second paragraph, he was throroughly critical of the system. Words such as: "Reform" in America has been sterile", "There is no attempt to call off the race ", "There is no pride in being an employee", "empty boasts from the past make us ashamed of our present achievements" are very negative.

Answer choice B I rejected because the writer never mentions the "New World". He contrasted the Old World ideas with other ideas but I wasn't sure where these ideas came from. The rest of the answers were wrong and out of scope.

For Question 3,

The following sentences convinced me that B was the best choice:

"There is, in our legends, no heroism of the office clerk, no stable industrial work (45) force of the people who actually make the system work. There is no pride in being an employee (Wilson asked for a return to the time when everyone was an employer)."

For Question 4,
Question I was wrong. I eliminated Question II because the writer never mentions the New World. Even if we assumed that he constantly referred to the "New World" when he made his comparisons, he never mentioned any similarities. Question III seemed like the best choice because of my interpretation of these sentences:

"But Americans imagined a condition in which (25)speculators, self-makers, runners are always using the new opportunities given by our land. These economic leaders (front-runners) would thus be mainly agents of change."

AND

"Since our only stability is change, America seems not to honor the
quiet work that achieves social interdependence and stability
."


For Question #5,
D was the best answer because in his last sentence, the writer's words basically imply that the American enterprise is not really free since you'll forever continue to run the race; you're bound to the race so you cannot be free.

"There is no honor but in the Wonderland race we must all run, all trying to win, none (60) winning in the end (for there is no end). "
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 [#permalink] New post 09 Apr 2004, 08:37
Hi ndidi04,

Thanks for the explanation. After re-reading the last passage I explanation was same as yours for Q1 and Q5.

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 [#permalink] New post 09 Apr 2004, 15:52
thanks for your explanations. :)
  [#permalink] 09 Apr 2004, 15:52
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