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World Bank

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Manager
Joined: 04 Dec 2008
Posts: 113
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Kudos [?]: 40 [0], given: 2

World Bank [#permalink]  19 Aug 2009, 23:52
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50% (00:00) correct 50% (01:00) wrong based on 3 sessions
Pls. explain.
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Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jul 2009
Posts: 316
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Kudos [?]: 198 [1] , given: 9

Re: World Bank [#permalink]  20 Aug 2009, 01:00
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The 151 member governments of the World Bank are expected to increase the bank’s funding by \$175 billion, though some United States legislators cite an obstacle to congressional passage being the concern that the bank’s loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses.
A. an obstacle to congressional passage being the concern
B. a concern as an obstacle to congressional passage
C. as an obstacle to congressional passage the concern
D. the concern, an obstacle to congressional passage,
E. as an obstacle for Congress to pass it the concern

some United States legislators cite the concern, an obstacle to congressional passage, that the bank’s loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses.
an obstacle to congressional passage modifies the concern as a non-essential modifier because it is set off commas. So the sentence could be read
some United States legislators cite the concern that the bank’s loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses.
This sentence means something different than the original one.

option C correctly uses the idioms cite as X Y and obstacle to
Let me know whether this is clear for you.
Manager
Joined: 15 Jun 2009
Posts: 165
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Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 8

Re: World Bank [#permalink]  20 Aug 2009, 03:19
IMO C...D changes the meaning..
Manager
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Re: World Bank [#permalink]  23 Aug 2009, 01:47
mikeCoolBoy wrote:
The 151 member governments of the World Bank are expected to increase the bank’s funding by \$175 billion, though some United States legislators cite an obstacle to congressional passage being the concern that the bank’s loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses.
A. an obstacle to congressional passage being the concern
B. a concern as an obstacle to congressional passage
C. as an obstacle to congressional passage the concern
D. the concern, an obstacle to congressional passage,
E. as an obstacle for Congress to pass it the concern

some United States legislators cite the concern, an obstacle to congressional passage, that the bank’s loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses.
an obstacle to congressional passage modifies the concern as a non-essential modifier because it is set off commas. So the sentence could be read
some United States legislators cite the concern that the bank’s loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses.
This sentence means something different than the original one.

option C correctly uses the idioms cite as X Y and obstacle to
Let me know whether this is clear for you.

Could you explain the idiom XY in option D? D still sounds really awkward to me.
Senior Manager
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Posts: 316
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Kudos [?]: 198 [0], given: 9

Re: World Bank [#permalink]  23 Aug 2009, 02:49
joyseychow wrote:
mikeCoolBoy wrote:
The 151 member governments of the World Bank are expected to increase the bank’s funding by \$175 billion, though some United States legislators cite an obstacle to congressional passage being the concern that the bank’s loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses.
A. an obstacle to congressional passage being the concern
B. a concern as an obstacle to congressional passage
C. as an obstacle to congressional passage the concern
D. the concern, an obstacle to congressional passage,
E. as an obstacle for Congress to pass it the concern

some United States legislators cite the concern, an obstacle to congressional passage, that the bank’s loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses.
an obstacle to congressional passage modifies the concern as a non-essential modifier because it is set off commas. So the sentence could be read
some United States legislators cite the concern that the bank’s loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses.
This sentence means something different than the original one.

option C correctly uses the idioms cite as X Y and obstacle to
Let me know whether this is clear for you.

Could you explain the idiom XY in option D? D still sounds really awkward to me.

Sorry the idiom is, I think, cite X as Y; however, you can also write cite as X Y

some United States legislators cite the concern as an obstacle to congressional ...
some United States legislators cite as an obstacle to congressional the concern ....

if you write the complete both options

some United States legislators cite the concern that the bank’s loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses as an obstacle to congressional passage

some United States legislators cite as an obstacle to congressional passage the concern that the bank’s loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses

you see that in option 1 the modifier "that the bank’s loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses" could distract the reader. I think that's why the correct answer choice is written using option 2
Re: World Bank   [#permalink] 23 Aug 2009, 02:49
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