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Would appreciate an explanation! In the United States,

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Would appreciate an explanation! In the United States, [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2004, 05:38
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

0% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 0 sessions
Would appreciate an explanation!

In the United States, injuries to passengers involved
in automobile accidents are typically more severe
than in Europe, where laws require a different kind
of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United
States needs to adopt more stringent standards for
safety belt design to protect automobile passengers
better.

Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument
above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts
than are people in the United States.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers
receive training in how best to react in the
event of an accident to minimize injuries to
themselves and to their passengers.
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to
have more sturdy construction than do cars
built for the United States market.
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States
have a greater statistical chance of being
involved in an accident than do passengers in
Europe.
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the
European safety belt have experienced no
reduction in the average severity of injuries
suffered by passengers in automobile
accidents.
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2004, 06:02
A is my FA.

All the other answer choices weaken the conclusion. A stresses the fact that Europeans are more likely to use seat belts in general.

B. Other reason to be safe-->weaken
C. Other reason to be safe-->weaken
D. Statistical reason that chances are more in US--weaken
E. Seat Belts does not work-->weaken
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2004, 07:03
D

(A) Weakens the argument showing that Europeans escape severe injuries not because of the design of belts but because Europeans are more likely TO WEAR BELTS

(B) Weakens the argument showing that Europeans escape severe injuries not because of the design of belts but because Europeans RECEIVE SPECIAL TRAINING

(C) Weakens the argument showing that Europeans escape severe injuries not because of the design of belts but because Europeans HAVE SAFER CARS

(E) Weakens the argument providing evidence that the introduction of the European design of belts HAD NO EFFECT IN THE US (direct evidence against the claim)

(D) Does not weaken the argument because there is no apparent connection between HOW OFTEN one is involved in accidents and HOW SEVERELY one is damaged in them
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2004, 08:34
My ans. is A. The reasoning as B's
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2004, 08:38
Another though to explain my reasoning

The authors concludes:
safety belts in Europe -> less severe injuries
All choices weaken this conclusion, exept A, which is strenghten the conclusion.
So A is the answer
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2004, 17:52
Guys,

this one is tricky.

A is right because if americans don't wear seat belts that often, they
would infact DO require a better safety belt to save them atleast when
they are wearing the belt.
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2004, 19:15
My ans is D.

Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in
Europe. It may be because of any reason other than the design of seat-belts. Maybe they are easier to get drunk or anything.
A does weaken the argument, same explanation as OlegC's
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Jul 2004, 23:22
OA is (D). A job well done OleG
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Jul 2004, 23:31
I had chosen E but the discussion here has made me realize that D should be the one...

And I thought I was improving in this game...
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  [#permalink] 20 Jul 2004, 23:31
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