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X: Medical research on animals should not be reduced in

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X: Medical research on animals should not be reduced in [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2010, 13:24
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A
B
C
D
E

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  5% (low)

Question Stats:

70% (02:04) correct 30% (01:40) wrong based on 9 sessions
X: Medical research on animals should not be reduced in response to a concern for animals, because results of such research serve to avert human suffering. In such research a trade-off between human and animal welfare is always inevitable, but we should give greater weight to human welfare.
Y: With technology that is currently available, much of the research presently performed on animals could instead be done with computer modeling or human subjects without causing any suffering.
The relationship of Y’s response to X’s argument is that Y’s response
(A) contradicts a premise on which X’s argument relies
(B) disagrees with X about the weight to be given to animal suffering as opposed to human suffering
(C) presents a logical consequence of the premises of X’s argument
(D) strengthens X’s argument by presenting evidence not mentioned by X’s argument
(E) supplies a premise to X’s argument that was not explicitly stated
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: X [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2010, 14:02
X: Medical research on animals should not be reduced in response to a concern for animals, because results of such research serve to avert human suffering. In such research a trade-off between human and animal welfare is always inevitable, but we should give greater weight to human welfare.

Y: With technology that is currently available, much of the research presently performed on animals could instead be done with computer modeling or human subjects without causing any suffering.

(A) contradicts a premise on which X’s argument relies - correct
(B) disagrees with X about the weight to be given to animal suffering as opposed to human suffering - X gives weight to human welfare
(C) presents a logical consequence of the premises of X’s argument - incorrect
(D) strengthens X’s argument by presenting evidence not mentioned by X’s argument - incorrect
(E) supplies a premise to X’s argument that was not explicitly stated - incorrect


Hence, A.
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Re: X [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2010, 14:37
nsp007 wrote:
X: Medical research on animals should not be reduced in response to a concern for animals, because results of such research serve to avert human suffering. In such research a trade-off between human and animal welfare is always inevitable, but we should give greater weight to human welfare.

Y: With technology that is currently available, much of the research presently performed on animals could instead be done with computer modeling or human subjects without causing any suffering.

(A) contradicts a premise on which X’s argument relies - correct
(B) disagrees with X about the weight to be given to animal suffering as opposed to human suffering - X gives weight to human welfare
(C) presents a logical consequence of the premises of X’s argument - incorrect
(D) strengthens X’s argument by presenting evidence not mentioned by X’s argument - incorrect
(E) supplies a premise to X’s argument that was not explicitly stated - incorrect


Hence, A.


What is the supposedly contradicted premise?
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Re: X [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2010, 14:43
X's premise : research on animals(though animals suffer) --> human welfare

Y's contradiction : research presently performed on animals could instead be done with computer modeling or human subjects without causing any suffering.
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Re: X [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2010, 23:23
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I think the premise (which can be both stated or unstated, it is not specified) that Y contradicts is that X assumes that research on animals is the only way to achieve human welfare.
Y contradicts this statement by saying that research could be done with computers and on humans as well.
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Re: X [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2010, 23:49
The premise according to me is "In such research a trade-off between human and animal welfare is always inevitable". And Y's argument says it is not inevitable.
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Re: X [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2010, 00:00
i totally agree with the stark difference - "not inevitable" [vijayvenky puts it]
could instead be done = is opposite of "always inevitable"
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Re: X [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2010, 14:50
A for me.

X says the trade off between animal and human welfare is inevitable (unavoidable).

Y says that it is not inevitable because you can always find ways to do the research by some other methods such as computer modeling or on human subjects without causing any suffering.
Re: X   [#permalink] 20 Jun 2010, 14:50
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