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X: When a rare but serious industrial accident occurs,

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X: When a rare but serious industrial accident occurs, [#permalink] New post 25 Aug 2009, 07:00
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55% (02:29) correct 45% (01:34) wrong based on 164 sessions
X: When a rare but serious industrial accident occurs, people respond by believing that such accidents are becoming more frequent. This belief is irrational. After all, being dealt four aces in a hand of poker, a rare event, hardly increases one's chances of being dealt four aces in a future hand.
 
Y: To the contrary, the belief is rational because it results in people's sensing a danger to themselves not previously sensed and taking precautionary actions to prevent similar accidents in the future.
 
Y's attempt to counter X's claim is best described by which of the following?

(A) It questions the aptness of the analogy drawn by X.
(B) It makes apparent X's failure to consider how people vary in their responses to a serious accident.
(C) It shifts the basis for judging rationality to considerations of utility.
(D) It offers an alternative explanation of why people form incorrect beliefs.
(E) It challenges X's assumption that the occurrence of a single event is sufficient to change a belief.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Emily Dickinson’s letters [#permalink] New post 25 Aug 2009, 07:40
IMO B.

guess it shuld be outnumber......


which in E is wrong....
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 25 Aug 2009, 15:52
tough one...i had trouble between B and C...went with B because Y did point out X's failure...

but C also seems right..kinda, since C suggest another way to judge rationality of this belief...but B seems better
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 25 Aug 2009, 16:16
IMO C
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2009, 01:15
i go with B.
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2009, 06:04
I think it's (C).
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2009, 07:03
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C seems to be correct. Y does base rationality on the usefulness of the situation. He says that the feeling of fear among the workers is rational or justified because then, they will take extra precautions to avoid the accident. In other words, Y says that because the fear helps the workers to keep safe, it is okay to be fearful. X, on the other hand says, it is not okay to be fearful of a rare accident that may never happen again.
X says Rare event---- not okay to be fearful.
Y says------- Rare or not rare, if it helps to be fearful, its okay to be fearful.
Therefore, both have differing perspectives to rationality.
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2009, 07:20
I agree with C as well.

X - argues the claim is irrational because just because a rare event has happened does not necessarily mean it is becoming common

Y - supports the claim but does not refute the argument - it shifts the scope and provides an alternative way of defining rationality.
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2009, 08:09
Vote C
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2009, 09:22
IMO B

It rightly says that, there is a different way by which different people might respond to a serious accident and X fails to recognize this fact..
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2009, 10:21
Looks like C to me..OA plz
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2009, 22:59
Can somebody of whom have choosen C explain the last part of the answer choice "rationality to considerations of utility"?

What does considerations of utility mean here?
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2009, 23:39
OA plz?
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 09 Jun 2011, 04:41
the answer is C
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 09 Jun 2011, 04:44
B is wrong because no where does X or Y indicate a varying of response to a serious incident.
OA = C
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 28 Sep 2011, 06:22
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mikeCoolBoy wrote:
Can somebody of whom have choosen C explain the last part of the answer choice "rationality to considerations of utility"?

What does considerations of utility mean here?


X says "Taking very RARE event as very FREQUENT is irrational." In other words, "We need not be too SENSITIVE to ONE TIME event."
Y counters "one time event AWAKENS people's sense of danger, thus We can take precautionary actions." In other words, "the belief is USEFUL for preventing similar accidents in the future"

Hope this helps.

By the way, what do POE and IMO stand for?
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 28 Sep 2011, 07:16
I agree, the answer is (C).
Y is very clearly changing the scope of the argument from one of "rationality" of the event to that of its "usefulness.

@lawsohn
POE - process of elimination
IMO - In my opinion :o
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Re: LSAT CR- Rare but serious industrial accident [#permalink] New post 29 Sep 2011, 00:43
Tough one. Totally Puzzled me. Although after seeing the solutions , confident of C now. :)
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Re: X and Y [#permalink] New post 29 Sep 2011, 19:46
braxus wrote:
I agree, the answer is (C).
Y is very clearly changing the scope of the argument from one of "rationality" of the event to that of its "usefulness.

@lawsohn
POE - process of elimination
IMO - In my opinion :o


Many thanks braxus.
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Re: LSAT CR- Rare but serious industrial accident [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2011, 09:51
clear C !!
Re: LSAT CR- Rare but serious industrial accident   [#permalink] 18 Oct 2011, 09:51
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