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You should not praise an act of apparent generosity unless

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You should not praise an act of apparent generosity unless [#permalink] New post 01 Jul 2009, 00:45
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4. You should not praise an act of apparent generosity unless you believe it is actually performed out of selfless motives, and you should not condemn an act of apparent selfishness unless you believe it is actually performed out of self-centered motives.
Which one of the following judgments conforms to the principle stated above?
(A) Caroline rightly blamed her coworker Monica for failing to assist her in doing a time-consuming project, even though she knew that Monica had offered to help in the project earlier but that her offer had been vetoed by their supervisor.
(B) It was correct for Sarah not to praise Michael for being charitable when he told her that he donates a tenth of his income to charity, since she guessed that he only told that fact in order to impress her.
(C) Enrique justifiably excused his friend William for failing to write or phone after William moved out of town because he realized that William never makes an effort to keep in contact with any of his friends.
(D) Daniel was right not to praise Margaret for offering to share her house with a visiting French family, since he believe that she made the offer only because she hoped it would be reciprocated by an invitation to use the family’s apartment in Paris.
(E) Albert correctly criticized Louise for adopting an abandoned dog because he believe that, although she felt sorry for the dog, she did not have sufficient time or space to care for it adequately.

The OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
d


Please Explain
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Re: You should not praise an [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2009, 11:21
vaivish1723 wrote:
4. You should not praise an act of apparent generosity unless you believe it is actually performed out of selfless motives, and you should not condemn an act of apparent selfishness unless you believe it is actually performed out of self-centered motives.
Which one of the following judgments conforms to the principle stated above?
(A) Caroline rightly blamed her coworker Monica for failing to assist her in doing a time-consuming project, even though she knew that Monica had offered to help in the project earlier but that her offer had been vetoed by their supervisor.
(B) It was correct for Sarah not to praise Michael for being charitable when he told her that he donates a tenth of his income to charity, since she guessed that he only told that fact in order to impress her.
(C) Enrique justifiably excused his friend William for failing to write or phone after William moved out of town because he realized that William never makes an effort to keep in contact with any of his friends.
(D) Daniel was right not to praise Margaret for offering to share her house with a visiting French family, since he believe that she made the offer only because she hoped it would be reciprocated by an invitation to use the family’s apartment in Paris.
(E) Albert correctly criticized Louise for adopting an abandoned dog because he believe that, although she felt sorry for the dog, she did not have sufficient time or space to care for it adequately.


To be honest, I'm quite stumped on why the answer is (D), rather than (B) (they seem more or less the same). But I know why the other three answers aren't right.

(A) We don't know anything about Monica's motives, so we can't pass judgment regarding praise/blame.
(C) What Will does is not necessarily "selfless" or "selfish", its more like an undesirable habit, so this is out of scope. In addition, Will's motives are not speculated upon, so Enrique can't judge anyway.
(E) Again, no motive, can't pass judgment.
(B) Seems to contain all the same elements of (D), although Sarah does seem a little full of herself... hmm... if anyone can explain why this one isn't right, I'd appreciate the help.
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Re: You should not praise an [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2009, 11:33
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I too got confused between B and D, luckily could find my way out to D

B: Sarah think the guy told abt his charity contribution only to impress her, but that doesn't mean he contributes to charity only so that he can impress gals by talking about it. There could be other selfish motive, but none have been stated. Michael may have tried to impress Sarah, but he doesn't donate for that reason. So the principle doesn't apply here.

D: Margaret offered help only because she expected something in return. Had she not expected it, she would not have offered the help.
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Re: You should not praise an [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2009, 11:39
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D it is.

4. You should not praise an act of apparent generosity unless you believe it is actually performed out of selfless motives, and you should not condemn an act of apparent selfishness unless you believe it is actually performed out of self-centered motives.
Which one of the following judgments conforms to the principle stated above?

(B) It was correct for Sarah not to praise Michael for being charitable when he told her that he donates a tenth of his income to charity, since she guessed that he only told that fact in order to impress her. - This is competitor for D, but definitely not as strong an example as D. Note the usage of the word guessed here. Sarah 'guessed' that Michael told this in order to impress her. But there is no mention of whether she 'believed' he acted selflessly or not. Even though she 'guessed that he told this to impress her, she might have 'believed' in his selfless act.


(D) Daniel was right not to praise Margaret for offering to share her house with a visiting French family, since he believe that she made the offer only because she hoped it would be reciprocated by an invitation to use the family’s apartment in Paris.- This exactly matches with the first part of the argument "You should not praise an act of apparent generosity unless you believe it is actually performed out of selfless motives". Daniel did NOT belive that Margaret acted selflessly. He thought that her act of generosity is backed by her selfish motive of anticiaption of favor in return. So he did not praise her..
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Re: You should not praise an [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2009, 11:45
Thanks to both of you for the explanation. I totally missed the "guessed" Vs. "believed" difference. Good call.
Re: You should not praise an   [#permalink] 02 Jul 2009, 11:45
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