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Zachary: One world have to be blind to the reality of moral

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Zachary: One world have to be blind to the reality of moral [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2004, 23:16
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Zachary: One world have to be blind to the reality of moral obligation to deny that people who believe a course of action to be morally obligatory for them have both the right and the duty to pursue that action, and that no one else has any right to stop them form doing so.

Cynthia: But imagine an artist who feels morally obliged to do whatever she can to prevent works of art from being destroyed confronting a morally committed antipornography demonstrator engaged in destroying artworks he deems pornographic. According to your principle that artist has, simultaneously, both the right and the duty to stop the destruction and no right whatsoever to stop it.

14. Cynthia’s response to Zachary’s claim is structured to demonstrate that

(A) the concept of moral obligation is incoherent
(B) the ideas of right and duty should not be taken seriously since doing so leads to morally undesirable consequences.
(C) Zachary’s principle is untenable on its own terms.
(D) Zachary’s principle is based on an understanding of moral obligation that is too narrow to encompass the kind of moral obligation artists feel toward works of art

15. Which one of the following, if substituted for the scenario invoked by Cynthia, would preserve the force of her argument?

(A) a medical researcher who feels a moral obligation not to claim sole credit for work that was performed in part by someone else confronting another researcher who feels no such moral obligation
(B) a manufacturer who feels a moral obligation to recall potentially dangerous products confronting a consumer advocate who feels morally obliged to expose product defects
(C) an investment baker who believes that governments are morally obliged to regulate major industries confronting and investment banker who holds that governments nave a moral obligation not to interfere with market forces
(D) an architect who feels amoral obligation to design only energy-efficient buildings confronting, as a potential client, a corporation that believes its primary moral obligation is to maximize shareholder profits
(E) a health inspector who feels morally obliged to enforce restrictions on the number of cats a householder may keep confronting a householder who, feeling morally obliged to keep every stray that comes along ,has over twice that number of cats.
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Re: CR 1415 Moral Obligation [#permalink] New post 25 Aug 2004, 02:53
I got (14) C and (15) B.

For Q14, C looks somewhat obvious. Here, Cynthia is pointing out defects in Zachary's argument by bringing two uncompromisingly conflicting situations which still adhere to the line of reasoning given by Zachary.

For Q15, the two conflicting situations have to be strongly supported by the line of reasoning given by Zachary.

In B, it is clear that the moral obligations of both the manufacturer and the advocate are strong and conflicting one another's purpose.

A- both should have moral obligations. Here, one researcher has it and the other does not have it.

C - This looks circumlocutory. Both of the bnakers here, believe that some thing else(the government) is morally oblized or not morally oblized .

D - it doesnot sound convincing that an architect's moral obligation is 'energy efficient building'. The obligation has to stem originally by profession rather than what 'one feels'

E - Same reason as E. The obligation has to stem originally by profession rather than what 'one feels'. Here, the householder feels that he is morally obliged to keeping stray dogs.

srijay007 wrote:
Zachary: One world have to be blind to the reality of moral obligation to deny that people who believe a course of action to be morally obligatory for them have both the right and the duty to pursue that action, and that no one else has any right to stop them form doing so.

Cynthia: But imagine an artist who feels morally obliged to do whatever she can to prevent works of art from being destroyed confronting a morally committed antipornography demonstrator engaged in destroying artworks he deems pornographic. According to your principle that artist has, simultaneously, both the right and the duty to stop the destruction and no right whatsoever to stop it.

14. Cynthia’s response to Zachary’s claim is structured to demonstrate that

(A) the concept of moral obligation is incoherent
(B) the ideas of right and duty should not be taken seriously since doing so leads to morally undesirable consequences.
(C) Zachary’s principle is untenable on its own terms.
(D) Zachary’s principle is based on an understanding of moral obligation that is too narrow to encompass the kind of moral obligation artists feel toward works of art

15. Which one of the following, if substituted for the scenario invoked by Cynthia, would preserve the force of her argument?

(A) a medical researcher who feels a moral obligation not to claim sole credit for work that was performed in part by someone else confronting another researcher who feels no such moral obligation
(B) a manufacturer who feels a moral obligation to recall potentially dangerous products confronting a consumer advocate who feels morally obliged to expose product defects
(C) an investment baker who believes that governments are morally obliged to regulate major industries confronting and investment banker who holds that governments nave a moral obligation not to interfere with market forces
(D) an architect who feels amoral obligation to design only energy-efficient buildings confronting, as a potential client, a corporation that believes its primary moral obligation is to maximize shareholder profits
(E) a health inspector who feels morally obliged to enforce restrictions on the number of cats a householder may keep confronting a householder who, feeling morally obliged to keep every stray that comes along ,has over twice that number of cats.

_________________

Awaiting response,

Thnx & Rgds,
Chandra

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 [#permalink] New post 25 Aug 2004, 03:41
C (agree with previous comments)
E (in B the causes pursued by manufacturer and consumer advocate are not really incompatibile. Potentially dangerous products can be recalled and their defects can still be exposed)
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 [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2004, 00:10
OA is C and E
  [#permalink] 26 Aug 2004, 00:10
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