Zachary: One would have to be blind to the reality of moral : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Zachary: One would have to be blind to the reality of moral

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Zachary: One would have to be blind to the reality of moral [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 10:56
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Zachary: One would have to be blind to the reality of moral obligation to deny that people who believe a course of action to be morally obligatory for them have both the right and the duty to pursue that action, and that no one else has any right to stop them from doing so.
Cynthia: But imagine an artist who feels morally obliged to do whatever she can to prevent works of art from being destroyed confronting a morally committed antipornography demonstrator engaged in destroying artworks he deems pornographic. According to your principle that artist has, simultaneously, both the right and the duty to stop the destruction and no right whatsoever to stop it.
Which one of the following, if substituted for the scenario invoked by Cynthia, would preserve the force of her argument?
(A) a medical researcher who feels a moral obligation not to claim sole credit for work that was performed in part by someone else confronting another researcher who feels no such moral obligation
(B) a manufacturer who feels a moral obligation to recall potentially dangerous products confronting a consumer advocate who feels morally obliged to expose product defects
(C) an investment banker who believes that governments are morally obliged to regulate major industries confronting an investment banker who holds that governments have a moral obligation not to interfere with market forces
(D) an architect who feels amoral obligation to design only energy-efficient buildings confronting, as a potential client, a corporation that believes its primary moral obligation is to maximize shareholder profits
(E) a health inspector who feels morally obliged to enforce restrictions on the number of cats a householder may keep confronting a householder who, feeling morally obliged to keep every stray that comes along, has over twice that number of cats
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11 Jun 2010, 11:05
IMO E

The reasoning seems similar to "artist who feels morally obliged to do whatever she can to prevent works of art from being destroyed confronting a morally committed antipornography demonstrator engaged in destroying artworks he deems pornographic"
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11 Jun 2010, 11:40
shaneforu wrote:
IMO E

The reasoning seems similar to "artist who feels morally obliged to do whatever she can to prevent works of art from being destroyed confronting a morally committed antipornography demonstrator engaged in destroying artworks he deems pornographic"

Where do you see that similarity between reasonings?
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11 Jun 2010, 12:16
Hey shaneforu, can you provide more detailed explanation for this.
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11 Jun 2010, 19:39
I think its B. Cynthia's argument seems to describe being "stuck between a rock and a hard place," and I B most closely resembles this.
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11 Jun 2010, 19:56
The strength of Cynthia's argument lies in the exclusivity of the actions that she puts forward. Now if we have to preserve the force of the argument, we will have to substitute the scenario with something that holds the exclusivity of actions.

Though C and E looks similarly effective, I believe C more deals with the beliefs of people and has less to do with their actions. So I would go for E.

The remaining options have at least some interference where the two confronting actions can coexist.

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14 Jun 2010, 10:44
C for me then
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17 Jun 2010, 01:23
Cynthia initially states that 'an artist will obviously prevent anyone from destroying her work', and then she brings into Zachery's notion 'According to your principle that artist has, simultaneously, both the right and the duty to stop the destruction and no right whatsoever to stop it'.

So this implies, X will prefer doing Y when an 'event' occurs. But as per zachery, X can do both Y and Z. (Y and Z are mutually exclusive !!!)

(I hope I did not confuse much

Hence I will go with C.

I am unsure yet, but hope this explanation is correct :D
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17 Jun 2010, 10:43
I'm stuck btwn B and C. However, if this appears on my gmat on D Day, I wouldn't spend 3 odd minutes to answer. I will guess one of B and C and move on.
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18 Jun 2010, 01:30
Noboru .. pls post OA .. all ur questions are with OA ..
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18 Jun 2010, 03:11
For me its B. Please post OA..
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18 Jun 2010, 19:23
110% E
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19 Jun 2010, 11:44
noboru - kudos for posting an excellent question... i am sure this one belongs to upper 700 range...took me 3:30 to get to an answer that I am not sure is right. But I believe it is E. What's the OA and OE if avaialble.?
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20 Jun 2010, 08:42
I think it is C.
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20 Jun 2010, 12:00
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dwivedys wrote:
noboru - kudos for posting an excellent question... i am sure this one belongs to upper 700 range...took me 3:30 to get to an answer that I am not sure is right. But I believe it is E. What's the OA and OE if avaialble.?

Many thanks for the kudos.
OA is E.
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04 Mar 2011, 04:49
I'm reading this question again, and it is very very tough.
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04 Mar 2011, 16:15
Two anti actions keep happening. And they are mutually exclusive. Its only E.
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05 Mar 2011, 12:16
A) , B) , D) are dealing with moral obligations which are mutually exclusive

between C and E,
E appears to be more similar to cynthia's example

C) deals with 2 moral obligations that are opposite each other
1st ibanker - govt is morally obliged to regulate market forces
2nd ibanker - govt is morally obliged not to regulate market forces.

the subjects of cynthia's argument have moral obligations that are not related to each other BUT the resulting actions which create conflict.
E) is closer

-an artist who is morally obliged to protect all the pornographic artwork
-an anti pornographic demonstrator who destroys all artwork he deems pornographic
then C) would have been the answer.

Last edited by d3thknell on 09 Mar 2011, 14:40, edited 1 time in total.
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08 Mar 2011, 23:12
Cynthia's arguement is a situation when a person is obligated to do something that he/she believes in but at the same time, he/she is not sure because she knows the act is not morally correct. So, preserving art is mandatory as the person is an artist but it is pornographic.

Similar logic was in E. Health inspector is obligated by his duty but at the same time knows that the stray dogs must be given a home.

No other option has this line of thought.

IMO E
Re: Zachary   [#permalink] 08 Mar 2011, 23:12
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