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Philosopher: Scientists talk about the pursuit of truth

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Philosopher: Scientists talk about the pursuit of truth [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2014, 00:40
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Question Stats:

52% (01:19) correct 48% (01:37) wrong based on 231 sessions

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Philosopher: Scientists talk about the pursuit of truth, but like most people, they are self-interested. Accordingly, the professional activities of most scientists are directed toward personal career enhancement, and only incidentally toward the pursuit of truth. Hence, the activities of the scientific community are largely directed toward enhancing the status of that community as a whole, and only incidentally toward the pursuit of truth.

The reasoning in the philosopher’s argument is flawed because the argument

(A) improperly infers that each and every scientist has a certain characteristic from premise that most scientists have that characteristic

(B) improperly draws an inference about the scientific community as a whole from a premise about individual scientists

(C) presumes, without giving justification, that the aim of personal career enhancement never advances the pursuit of truth

(D) illicitly takes advantage of an ambiguity in the meaning of “self-interested”

(E) improperly draws an inference about a cause from premises about its effects

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Re: Philosopher: Scientists talk about the pursuit of truth [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2014, 01:04
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This is one type of flaw where it fails to consider the complete picture. The philosopher 1st talks about the individual scientists and their talks about pursuit of truth.

But in the end, he concludes that the whole scientific community is like that, which may not be true.

For example, we cannot come to a conclusion that whole group acts the same way based on few individuals in the group.

(A) improperly infers that each and every scientist has a certain characteristic from premise that most scientists have that characteristic- Incorrect. it says Individuals has the characteristic since most of them as that- Kind of opposite

(B) improperly draws an inference about the scientific community as a whole from a premise about individual scientists- Correct- This is what we came up when we understood the passage.

(C) presumes, without giving justification, that the aim of personal career enhancement never advances the pursuit of truth- Irrelevant- We don't need any justifications here. i.e., No need of any external information.

(D) illicitly takes advantage of an ambiguity in the meaning of “self-interested”- This did not occur in the stimulus, hence it is incorrect.

(E) improperly draws an inference about a cause from premises about its effects- Same as D.
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Re: Philosopher: Scientists talk about the pursuit of truth [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2014, 03:52
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Re: Philosopher: Scientists talk about the pursuit of truth [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2014, 07:01
Thanks for the correction :-)..It helps...I am definitely not the expert to understand the difficulty level of the question.. :-) Responses of the people indeed show the same :-)

carcass wrote:
Changing the tag of the question.

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Re: Philosopher: Scientists talk about the pursuit of truth [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2014, 09:34
Responses of the people show the question to be 600-700 level. Please change the tagging :-)

carcass wrote:
Changing the tag of the question.

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Re: Philosopher: Scientists talk about the pursuit of truth [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2017, 09:54
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Philosopher: Scientists talk about the pursuit of truth   [#permalink] 07 Nov 2017, 09:54
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