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# 1)Pioneers of the motor car industry realised that if they

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Manager
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1)Pioneers of the motor car industry realised that if they [#permalink]

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15 May 2005, 22:16
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1)Pioneers of the motor car industry realised that if they were going to meet the growing demand for their product, they had to adapt the labor force used in the productive process.Instead of many men working to complete all stages of one car at a time,they assigned defined tasks to each man which they would repeat on every car.

Which of the following can be concluded from the passage ?

a)early motor car manufacturers intended to incraese productivity by applying the principle of division of labour.
e)the new production process enabled certain car workers to become specialists in the part of the process to which they were assigned.

2)Before the arrival of joe, the new partner, sales output in bills company Midas In Reverse Ltd. had been rising by 10% per year on average.Innovations by joe included computerisation of technical process and reductions in the work force , but annual sales output has only risen by 5% per year.It appears that joes innovations have caused the reduction in the annual growth rate.
Which of the following would weaken the conclusion above?
a)the investment in new machinery entails a provision for depreciation of the cost of the fixed assets, which causes a reduction in profit.
c)joe's innovations were intended as long term investment and not made for short term profit
d)general demand for the products manufactured by the company has declined

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Director
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15 May 2005, 22:44
a.
they need to meet increasing demand for cars so they have to increase productivity

d. declining demand offers an alternative explanation, and therefore is a weakener
(something elase rather than joe caused a sales decline)

profit wasn't even mentioned and

c can be a weakener
jbut oe's intended innovations are connected to profit so we cannot say if they affected sales or not

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Manager
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16 May 2005, 05:26
right on sparky

but in the first case, is choice e not a direct conclusion of the argument?

also cud you elaborate on division of labour.

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17 May 2005, 08:23
doloris wrote:
right on sparky

but in the first case, is choice e not a direct conclusion of the argument?

also cud you elaborate on division of labour.

Best.

(E) goes too far to assume that the workers will specialize. While it is possible that they may, it is also possible that they may not. The latter likelihood, at least, exists.

Division of labour is a process of spliting jobs among multiple people in order to maximize productivity. Sorry, i'm not an economist (my definition may be vague), but if for example i am involved in a project to install a fiber optic cable in sea, i may have someone incharge of technology, financials, documentation, risk analysis, etc. This is like dividing my job into multiple parts in order for the work to move progressively and perhaps efficiently.

(A), (D) as well.

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17 May 2005, 09:58
1. Motor cars
A - Arugument talks abt productive process & seperate task definition (division of labor)

e- Out. Argument does not refer any sort of specialization

2. Joe

clearly D

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18 May 2005, 02:21
1) a
we are talking about pioneers... the passage does not talk

2) d
Joe's innovations are more on the production side(but reduction
in work force could also mean that he has cut down the sales
team...), and not on the sales side.
but a and c seem totally out of depth here.

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18 May 2005, 02:21
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# 1)Pioneers of the motor car industry realised that if they

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