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# 140) When people predict that certain result will not take

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Manager
Joined: 23 Jun 2008
Posts: 140

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140) When people predict that certain result will not take [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2008, 15:24
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140) When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a certain action is taken, they believe that they have learned that the prediction is correct when the action is taken and the result occurs. On reflection, however, it often becomes clear that the result admits of more than one interpretation.
Which of the following, if true, best supports the claims above?

A. Judging the success of an action requires specifying the goal of the action.

B. Judging which action to take after a prediction is made requires knowing about other actions that have been successful in similar past situations.

C. Learning whether a certain predictive strategy is good requires knowing the result using that strategy through several trials.

D. Distinguishing a correct prediction and effective action from an incorrect prediction and ineffective action is often impossible.

E. Making a successful prediction requires knowing the facts about the context of that prediction.

Kudos [?]: 145 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Jul 2008
Posts: 290

Kudos [?]: 56 [0], given: 0

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22 Aug 2008, 19:46
man ! what is this

my guess is B (but just a guess)

somebody please explain what wud a way to attack these monster (atleast to me !) CRs

Kudos [?]: 56 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 21 Aug 2008
Posts: 199

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 0

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22 Aug 2008, 21:54
balboa wrote:
140) When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a certain action is taken, they believe that they have learned that the prediction is correct when the action is taken and the result occurs. On reflection, however, it often becomes clear that the result admits of more than one interpretation.
Which of the following, if true, best supports the claims above?

A. Judging the success of an action requires specifying the goal of the action.

B. Judging which action to take after a prediction is made requires knowing about other actions that have been successful in similar past situations.

C. Learning whether a certain predictive strategy is good requires knowing the result using that strategy through several trials.

D. Distinguishing a correct prediction and effective action from an incorrect prediction and ineffective action is often impossible.

E. Making a successful prediction requires knowing the facts about the context of that prediction.

Conclusion : result admits often more than one interpretation.
Premise : Prediction is correct when action taken and result occurs where the result does not take place unless the action is taken. Strong correlation or cause and effect relationship between action and result...and prediction.

We notice that there is "however" between conclusion and premise. And the question is asking to find out any choice that supports the claim.

The author makes a claim that result can't necessarily follow one action. Several actions could cause the action. So, prediction can't be called a correct one in this case. The prediction can be correct or can't be correct, in other words. I rather choose D.

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2007
Posts: 275

Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 0

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23 Aug 2008, 01:16
balboa wrote:
140) When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a certain action is taken, they believe that they have learned that the prediction is correct when the action is taken and the result occurs. On reflection, however, it often becomes clear that the result admits of more than one interpretation.
Which of the following, if true, best supports the claims above?

A. Judging the success of an action requires specifying the goal of the action.

B. Judging which action to take after a prediction is made requires knowing about other actions that have been successful in similar past situations.

C. Learning whether a certain predictive strategy is good requires knowing the result using that strategy through several trials.

D. Distinguishing a correct prediction and effective action from an incorrect prediction and ineffective action is often impossible.

E. Making a successful prediction requires knowing the facts about the context of that prediction.

A - specifying the goal would mean analysing the result.

B - doesn't talk about the different interpretations of the result. only talks about the actions.

C - doesn't talk about the interpretation of result

D - again, no talk about the result

E - successful? again the different interpretations of the result are not discussed.

IMO A.

Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2007
Posts: 286

Kudos [?]: 117 [0], given: 0

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25 Aug 2008, 19:07
balboa wrote:
140) When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a certain action is taken, they believe that they have learned that the prediction is correct when the action is taken and the result occurs. On reflection, however, it often becomes clear that the result admits of more than one interpretation.
Which of the following, if true, best supports the claims above?

A. Judging the success of an action requires specifying the goal of the action.

B. Judging which action to take after a prediction is made requires knowing about other actions that have been successful in similar past situations.

C. Learning whether a certain predictive strategy is good requires knowing the result using that strategy through several trials.

D. Distinguishing a correct prediction and effective action from an incorrect prediction and ineffective action is often impossible.
E. Making a successful prediction requires knowing the facts about the context of that prediction.

I agree with Richardson regarding the "However" flag. The author is trying to put forward a contrast. Results can have many interpretetions. This must be a part of the conclusion we try to make. Only D points such possibility.

Kudos [?]: 117 [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 03 Sep 2006
Posts: 865

Kudos [?]: 1080 [0], given: 33

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25 Aug 2008, 21:32
C, D, and E are not relevant. Out of A and B, B is not correct because argument doesn't talk about knowing about other actions, instead it talks about the "correct interpretation of the result".

Thus A because it says that goal should be specified in order to get the correct interpretation of the result.

Kudos [?]: 1080 [0], given: 33

Re: CR1000: Q140   [#permalink] 25 Aug 2008, 21:32
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