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Intern  B
Joined: 15 Sep 2018
Posts: 9
17^27 has a units digit of:  [#permalink]

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2 00:00

Difficulty:   15% (low)

Question Stats: 80% (00:41) correct 20% (01:12) wrong based on 97 sessions

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17^27 has a units digit of:

(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 7
(e) 9

Originally posted by Aviv29 on 15 Sep 2018, 08:09.
Last edited by Bunuel on 15 Sep 2018, 23:58, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Board of Directors D
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 4874
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
Re: 17^27 has a units digit of:  [#permalink]

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Aviv29 wrote:
17^ 27 has a units digit of:

(a)1
(b)2
(c)3
(d)7
(e)9

Some can explain to me how to solve this question?
Thank you for the support $$7^1 = 7$$
$$7^2 = 9$$
$$7^3 = 3$$
$$7^4 = 1$$

$$7^5 = 7$$
$$7^6 = 9$$

So, 7 has Cyclicity of 4

Now, $$17^{27} = 17^{4*6}*7^{3}$$

Since , $$7^4 = 1$$ thus $$7^{24} = 1$$ and $$7^3$$ = Units digit 3

Thus, $$17^{27}$$ will have units digit as 3, Answer must be (C)
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Manager  D
Joined: 18 Jun 2018
Posts: 248
Re: 17^27 has a units digit of:  [#permalink]

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1
Aviv29 wrote:
17^ 27 has a units digit of:

(a)1
(b)2
(c)3
(d)7
(e)9

Some can explain to me how to solve this question?
Thank you for the support OA:C
7 has the cyclicity of 4 (7,9,3,1).
7^1 = 7
7^2 = 49
7^3 = 343
7^4 = 2401
7^5 = 16807
7^6 = 117649
and so on

$$17^{27}= 17^{6*4+3}$$

So the unit digit of $$17^{27}$$ would be $$3$$.

https://gmatclub.com/forum/cyclicity-on ... 13019.html
Intern  B
Joined: 15 Sep 2018
Posts: 9
Re: 17^27 has a units digit of:  [#permalink]

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Great - Thank you both very much!
Intern  Joined: 20 Dec 2018
Posts: 42
Re: 17^27 has a units digit of:  [#permalink]

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We know that 7n can have unit digit of 7 , 9, 3 and 1.
We can find the unit digit by dividing n by 4. If the remainder is 1 then the unit digit will be 7, for remainder =2 unit digit = 9, for remainder = 3 unit digit = 3 for remainder = 0 unit digit = 1.
So, dividing 27 by 4 we get a remainder = 3.
Hence, the unit digit is 3.
GMATH Teacher P
Status: GMATH founder
Joined: 12 Oct 2010
Posts: 936
Re: 17^27 has a units digit of:  [#permalink]

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Aviv29 wrote:
17^27 has a units digit of:

(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 7
(e) 9

$$? = \left\langle {{{17}^{27}}} \right\rangle = \left\langle {{7^{27}}} \right\rangle$$

$$\left\langle {{7^4}} \right\rangle = \left\langle {{7^2} \cdot {7^2}} \right\rangle = \left\langle {\left\langle {{7^2}} \right\rangle \cdot \left\langle {{7^2}} \right\rangle } \right\rangle = 1$$

$$\left\langle {{7^{24}}} \right\rangle = \left\langle {{7^4} \cdot {7^4} \cdot \ldots \cdot {7^4}} \right\rangle = {\left\langle {{7^4}} \right\rangle ^6} = 1$$

$$? = \left\langle {{7^{24}} \cdot {7^3}} \right\rangle = \left\langle {{7^{24}}} \right\rangle \cdot \left\langle {{7^3}} \right\rangle = 1 \cdot 3 = 3$$

This solution follows the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method.

Regards,
Fabio.
_________________
Fabio Skilnik :: GMATH method creator (Math for the GMAT)
Our high-level "quant" preparation starts here: https://gmath.net Re: 17^27 has a units digit of:   [#permalink] 10 Jan 2019, 09:12
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