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# 19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and

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Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Feb 2004
Posts: 402
Location: Lungi
19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2004, 01:50
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19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion,
and longer commuting trips has
all but eliminated
the cost advantage of owning a house in many rural
communities.

(A) The growing demand for housing, traffic
congestion, and longer commuting trips has
(B) Traffic congestion, the growing demand for
housing, and longer commuting trips has
(C) Longer commuting trips, traffic congestion, and
the growing demand for housing has
(D) Traffic congestion, longer commuting trips, and
the growing demand for housing have
(E) The growing demand for housing, as well as
traffic congestion and longer commuting
trips, have
Senior Manager
Joined: 23 Sep 2003
Posts: 291
Location: US

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19 Apr 2004, 10:05
D here too. All the other choices have one or more errors.
Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2004
Posts: 60
Location: Ithaca, NY

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19 Apr 2004, 11:10
Hmmm.... between C & D... Think I'll choose C.

In a list, the growing demand is singular so don't we need has instead of have???
Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Feb 2004
Posts: 402
Location: Lungi

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21 Apr 2004, 01:07
the subject is plural as we are talking about 3 things "yoddy...yoddy,and yoddy", hence we have to use plural verb "have"

OA is D.
Intern
Joined: 29 Jan 2014
Posts: 21
GMAT 1: 510 Q36 V26
GMAT 2: 550 Q38 V28
Re: 19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2014, 00:52
why is option E wrong? Please explain
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Joined: 02 Jun 2014
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Re: 19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2014, 00:59
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option e is wrong because we are talking about 3 things here: the growing demand for housing,traffic congestion and longer commuting trips and as well as is used only for 2 things.
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Mar 2012
Posts: 344
Schools: Schulich '16
Re: 19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2014, 07:28
ABC are wrong because of S-V agreement

down to D and E

E is wrong because it dictates a singular subject.

a subject along with "as well as" implies singular , so it should had been 'has'

D has three subjects ,so plural verb 'have'or by POE it closes down to D only.

-h
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Re: 19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2016, 22:38
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Expert's post
One can understand a growing demand for housing, but one cannot appreciate a growing demand for traffic congestion and long commuting trips. Nesting them together as part of one list is illogical. That is the reason the singular verb ‘has’ is out of place. The plural verb ‘have’ denotes there are more than one factor. Therefore, we are left with D and E.
Between D and E, E is grammatically wrong for using 'as well as' to conjugate both factors and still use ‘have’ as the verb. ‘As well as’ will not render the subject plural.
Therefore, D is the best.
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Joined: 27 Mar 2010
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Location: Bangalore, India
19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2016, 04:01
Indeed and one should notice that there actually is no Subject-verb agreement issue in A. In fact, the singular verb has is just perfect, since the subject is the growing demand. Note that housing, traffic congestion, and longer commuting trips cannot be the subject in A, because they appear as part of prepositional phrase (for housing, traffic congestion, and longer commuting trips). Words in prepositional phrases cannot be the subjects in their respective clauses.

As daagh rightly pointed out, the issue is that the structure of A is: The growing demand for X, Y and Z where X = housing, Y = traffic congestion, and Z = longer commuting trips. So, A nonsensically suggests that the growing demand is for three things:
i) housing
ii) traffic congestion, and
iii) longer commuting trips

A good question illustrating how important, meaning is to SC. Wonder what’s the source of this question.
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Joined: 03 Dec 2017
Posts: 20
Re: 19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2018, 06:43
My questions is : Why (E) is wrong? Can we always say that as well as is used for two things and not for more ? Is that a suitable explanation in our case?
Director
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Location: Bangalore, India
Re: 19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2018, 07:01
Hi Anestists, E uses the additive as well as. The rule is:

When the subject is separated from the verb by expressions such as along with, together with, as well as, in addition to, besides etc., ignore these expressions to determine whether the subject is singular or plural.

So, in E, the subject is growing demand (singular) and hence, the plural verb have is incorrect.

E also has a comparison ambiguity issue, since E can be interpreted as:

The growing demand for housing, as well as (for) traffic congestion and longer commuting trips, have all but eliminated the cost advantage of owning a house in many rural communities.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses these issues with Subject Verb agreement, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Re: 19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and   [#permalink] 12 Mar 2018, 07:01
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