22. A historian attempting to predict in the 1870's which : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# 22. A historian attempting to predict in the 1870's which

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CEO
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22. A historian attempting to predict in the 1870's which [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2003, 14:43
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22. A historian attempting to predict in the 1870's which nation would take over world leadership from the British probably would have guessed Bismarck's Prussia and been quite wrong.

(A) have guessed Bismarck's Prussia and been
(B) have guessed that it would have been Bismarck's Prussia and he would be
(C) have guessed Bismarck's Prussia and would be
(D) guess Bismarck's Prussia and be
(E) guess that it would be Bismarck's Prussia and would have been

As always, it is nice to have good explanations with the answer.

heres mine

ok, here the author talks about the past.

E and D talk as if talking about the future..

C the first part of the sentence is ok, but the latter half..."would be"....

would is unnecessary here....

would " have guessed prussia" and (would)"be wrong"

i hope the distinction is clear.

B Bad usage...too many "woulds" in there...unnecessarily wordy...also "he "is definitely uncalled for...historian can be a female.

A. correct parallelism....would "have guessed" and "be"

Please analyze it according to your understanding and we can discuss results

Thanks
Praetorian
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26 Aug 2003, 06:21
I would go for D.

"would guess" is not future because we are already placed in the past when it says: "a historian in 1870 trying to..."

plus, we have "..which nation would take over.." and not "..which nation would have taken over.."

So D seems the best to me...
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27 Aug 2003, 05:36
I vote for (C) as its parallel structure is clear and simple.

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31 Aug 2003, 03:38
IMO: A is wrong, for it describes a possible situation (would have guessed), but the event did take place.
The only option that views the event as real is D.
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31 Aug 2003, 03:48
i think A is the answer, for IMO the event of guessing did not necessarily take place...
he would probably have guessed and (he would probably have) been wrong
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31 Aug 2003, 06:29
OK, I see...

the fact of attempting did take place
the fact of guessing Prussia did not
you think that PROBABLY is the key word, no? Probably connotes an unreal event, so A has all the chances to be correct.

CEO
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31 Aug 2003, 12:26
stolyar wrote:
OK, I see...

the fact of attempting did take place
the fact of guessing Prussia did not
you think that PROBABLY is the key word, no? Probably connotes an unreal event, so A has all the chances to be correct.

Again, it was a close call for me, and the time i spent on this one does not help me any!

why are the other choices wrong??

Thanks
Praetorian
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21 Aug 2006, 04:52
(A) seems like an ellipsis SC.

A historian attempting to predict in the 1870's which nation would take over world leadership from the British probably would have guessed Bismarck's Prussia and (would have) been quite wrong.
CEO
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30 Aug 2007, 20:53
GMATT73 wrote:
(A) seems like an ellipsis SC.

A historian attempting to predict in the 1870's which nation would take over world leadership from the British probably would have guessed Bismarck's Prussia and (would have) been quite wrong.

interesting. did not know we could omit auxiliary verbs.
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31 Aug 2007, 04:12
We are talking past so its easier to elliminated D and E.
Like B except the last part 'would be wrong'. Again we are talking a hypothetical past event. We need would have been here.
C has same issues.

Dont like A either but that is the only one standing.

X would have guessed Pursia and (would have) been wrong.
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31 Aug 2007, 04:56
GMATT73 wrote:
(A) seems like an ellipsis SC.

A historian attempting to predict in the 1870's which nation would take over world leadership from the British probably would have guessed Bismarck's Prussia and (would have) been quite wrong.

Agree with GMATT73 and go for A.

B has pronoun problem, who does "he" refers to?
c is wrong because of "would be"
D and E are wrong because they talk about future.
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31 Aug 2007, 05:25
I got A for this one.

A is the only one with correct use of "would have", which implied event that occurred and finished in the past.
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05 Feb 2008, 04:09
bkk145 wrote:
I got A for this one.

A is the only one with correct use of "would have", which implied event that occurred and finished in the past.

A is the only one with the right tense and parallel: would have guessed and would have been
Re:   [#permalink] 05 Feb 2008, 04:09
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