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# 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching

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3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2011, 12:28
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This question is the second practice problem in the 3rd series of Meaning based problem. Correct and best explanation will get a Kudos from us and a free subscription for 1 month to ourOG Verbal 2 solutions for Sentence Correction. OG Verbal 2 solutions contain solutions to all SC questions using e-GMAT 3 step process- amounting to 14 hrs of audio visual content. Currently 60 solutions are uploaded. The set will be completed by the end of the month.

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.
A. degree and funds the same to ensure
B. degree, funds the same, and ensures
C. degree and fund the same to ensure
D. degree, funds the same, ensuring
E. degree, funding the same to ensure

We will provide the official answer in a couple of hrs.

Also Check out 5 strategies that GMAT uses to distort the meaning of the original sentence
5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-124296.html
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by egmat on 06 May 2013, 21:55, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2011, 23:05
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

A. degree and funds the same to ensure
B. degree, funds the same, and ensures
C. degree and fund the same to ensure
D. degree, funds the same, ensuring
E. degree, funding the same to ensure

The organization requires that all teachers have masters' degree and fund the same [to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching]

Since there is a subjunctive 'requires', we need to use base form of verb i.e. 'have', & 'fund'
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2011, 02:59
egmat wrote:
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.
[list]
A. degree and funds the same to ensure
B. degree, funds the same, and ensures
C. degree and fund the same to ensure
D. degree, funds the same, ensuring
E. degree, funding the same to ensure

This is subjunctive mood, and "fund" should be paralleled with "have". If "fund" is the noun, the correct form should be "the same fund", not "fund the same". So, easily we can eliminate A, B, and D.

In choice E, funding will make sense that the action of having master's degree will fund the same. I don't feel any sense in this case.

In choice C, this make more sense to me. All teachers fund the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.
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Last edited by tuanquang269 on 17 Dec 2011, 07:59, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2011, 19:22
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

A. degree and funds the same to ensure -- not clear whether funding the teachers or Masters degree.
B. degree, funds the same, and ensures-- Organization cannot insure for sure. It can just try.
C. degree and fund the same to ensure -- singular funds is required here
D. degree, funds the same, ensuring-- funding the same to ensure-action to ensure something not automatically getting ensured.
E. degree, funding the same to ensure -- Present participle "funding" modifies the sentence before the comma." Same" here refers to the policy of the organization to have all the teachers with masters degree only. & it funds this policy.

I will go with E.
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2011, 08:27
I have just posted the official answer. I will post the solution soon. But before I do that, I want to see a few more responses with correct answer and explanation. Think little hard about the meaning of the sentence. Read the sentence and focus on the what the author is trying to say. A hint - what are the two things that the organization does?

Disclaimer:
This question probably takes meaning thing further than usual. The choices hardly have any grammatical errors. This was done on purpose to "force" the thought process in the direction of meaning and logic...

Looking forward to some more responses...
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2011, 09:43
Before the meaning issue, A has a modification problem IMHO.
Meaning wise too, I do not think A conveys a logical correlation by equating requirement and funding.
More on this after the OE is out.
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2011, 08:00
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The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.
A. degree and funds the same to ensure
B. degree, funds the same, and ensures
C. degree and fund the same to ensure
D. degree, funds the same, ensuring
E. degree, funding the same to ensure

OMG, I found my problem. The subject of "funds" is The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland.

The teachers "fund" mean something illogical. It should let the organization rather than teacher "fund".
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2011, 17:12
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Quote:
egmat wrote:
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.
A. degree and funds the same to ensure
B. degree, funds the same, and ensures
C. degree and fund the same to ensure
D. degree, funds the same, ensuring
E. degree, funding the same to ensure

Here is the official explanation for this question:

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence

The sentence presents two facts about an organization in Finland - Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. This organization does two things with an aim to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.
1. It requires that all teachers have masters’ degree
2. It funds the same – i.e. it funds the masters’ degree education of teachers.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence

1. The Organization [/color]for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires
a. that all teachers have master’s degree
2. and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

In this sentence the two verbs – requires and funds – make sense and agree in number with the subject - organization. Per the context of the modifier “to ensure that its teachers…”, it is clear that it provides the purpose of both the actions of the organization. This sentence is correct as is.

Choice B – This choice no longer provides the purpose of the actions. By changing “to ensure” to “and ensures”, the sentence implies that the organization somehow (probably with some other measures) ensures that its teachers impart high quality of teachers. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

Choice C – This choice is also grammatically correct but it changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Per this choice, the organization requires two things from the teachers.
1. Teachers have master’s degree
2. Teachers fund the master’s degree

This is clearly not the intended meaning. Per the intended meaning, the organization requires that teachers have master’s degree and in fact the organization itself funds the same (obviously for the teachers who do not have master’s degree). The organization implements this requirement and funds the education with a single aim – high quality of teaching.

Choice D – This choice does not use correct punctuation to connect the two verbs – requires and funds.

Choice E – Use of “funding the same…” is incorrect here. Neither of the two interpretations of the verb-ing modifier is correct:
1. Organization requires that teachers have master’s degree – this results in the organization funding the education. –Illogical.
2. Organization requires that teachers have master’s degree by funding the same. - Illogical

TAKE AWAYS

1. Understand the meaning of the original sentence. Note the relationships among each part of the sentence – both from grammatical standpoint and from logical standpoint.
2. Make sure that these relationships are maintained in the correct choice as well.
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Last edited by egmat on 01 Aug 2012, 08:04, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2011, 21:02
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2011, 03:01
Organization ... 'requires that' ... should be followed by infinitive "to ensure"
so, B,D out.

fund is a verb used for subject Organization so it should be parallel to requires. so it should be 'funds'.

In this sentence main clause ends before 'and'.
"Organization requires that Teachers have master's degree and funds ..."
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2011, 03:44
OECD requires ....... and funds. Make sense. A.
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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06 May 2013, 07:29
Why is "degree" not plural?

"all teachers have degrees...."
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2013, 15:09
I choose A because I was able to figure out the problems with B, C, D, and E.
Till now, I was of the opinion that a clause in "Subjunctive Mood" could only be made parallel with another clause in "Subjunctive Mood".

I had a wrong concept is another "Take Away" for me. Thanks again e-GMAT!

Is it possible to have some more examples from OG in which this kind of parallel construction have been used?
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2013, 18:17
tuanquang269 wrote:
Quote:
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.
A. degree and funds the same to ensure
B. degree, funds the same, and ensures
C. degree and fund the same to ensure
D. degree, funds the same, ensuring
E. degree, funding the same to ensure

OMG, I found my problem. The subject of "funds" is The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland.

The teachers "fund" mean something illogical. It should let the organization rather than teacher "fund".

How did you figure out that the subject of funds is OEC and not teachers?
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2014, 05:34
egmat wrote:
Quote:
egmat wrote:
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.
A. degree and funds the same to ensure

C. degree and fund the same to ensure

Choice C – This choice is also grammatically correct but it changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Per this choice, the organization requires two things from the teachers.
1. Teachers have master’s degree
2. Teachers fund the master’s degree

This is clearly not the intended meaning. Per the intended meaning, the organization requires that teachers have master’s degree and in fact the organization itself funds the same (obviously for the teachers who do not have master’s degree). The organization implements this requirement and funds the education with a single aim – high quality of teaching.

Hi E-Gmat,

Please explain how did you figure out that the Subject of 'Fund' is Organization and not Teachers?

This is a case of ambiguity.
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3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2014, 14:41
egmat wrote:
This question is the second practice problem in the 3rd series of Meaning based problem. Correct and best explanation will get a Kudos from us and a free subscription for 1 month to ourOG Verbal 2 solutions for Sentence Correction. OG Verbal 2 solutions contain solutions to all SC questions using e-GMAT 3 step process- amounting to 14 hrs of audio visual content. Currently 60 solutions are uploaded. The set will be completed by the end of the month.

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.
A. degree and funds the same to ensure
B. degree, funds the same, and ensures
C. degree and fund the same to ensure
D. degree, funds the same, ensuring
E. degree, funding the same to ensure

We will provide the official answer in a couple of hrs.

Also Check out 5 strategies that GMAT uses to distort the meaning of the original sentence
5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-124296.html

My explanation is as follows.
Original question.
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.
Structure : <Main clause - <relative clause> and (second verb of main clause) - <relative/subordinate clause >>
Subject of main clause: The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
Verbs for the subject : requires and funds.
Parallel constructs : Cooperation and Development
requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its ....
The original sentence is correct.
A. degree and funds the same to ensure >>> Correct
B. degree, funds the same, and ensures >>> The series of verbs change the meaning. The meaning of intent that is shown in original sentence is lost .
C. degree and fund the same to ensure >>> SVA error.
D. degree, funds the same, ensuring >>> No conjunction, and meaning changes- meaning of intent is lost.
E. degree, funding the same to ensure >>> verb+ing modifier changes the meaning . This sentence says the funding is a result of the requirement , or that funding is how the requirement is. This is improper meaning.

Kudos if you liked my post.
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2015, 01:01
This question should read: "The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have a master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching."

It's very important to ensure that even a "practice question's" non-underlined part is 100% free of silly grammar mistakes. Little errors like these can really dissuade a person from signing up full-time, as each and every bit of preparation needs to be of the highest, GMAC-like problems. We all know that's the best way to prepare for the GMAT. Practicing with high quality questions leads to performing at a high level on the GMAT. Just my 2 cents
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2015, 03:01
Folks, e-Gmat,

I am still not sure why E is incorrect.

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree, funding the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

Verb-ing can modify the subject or previous cluase, in this case subject is OECD so funding can modify it i.e provide additional information that OECD will fund the master degree.

Can't I say like this :
I will give you 1 million dollar, helping you to come out of poverty??

Thanks.
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2016, 03:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching [#permalink]

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17 May 2016, 05:47
egmat wrote:
Quote:
egmat wrote:
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires that all teachers have master’s degree and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.
A. degree and funds the same to ensure
B. degree, funds the same, and ensures
C. degree and fund the same to ensure
D. degree, funds the same, ensuring
E. degree, funding the same to ensure

Here is the official explanation for this question:

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence

The sentence presents two facts about an organization in Finland - Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. This organization does two things with an aim to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.
1. It requires that all teachers have masters’ degree
2. It funds the same – i.e. it funds the masters’ degree education of teachers.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence

1. The Organization [/color]for Economic Cooperation and Development in Finland requires
a. that all teachers have master’s degree
2. and funds the same to ensure that its teachers impart high quality of teaching.

In this sentence the two verbs – requires and funds – make sense and agree in number with the subject - organization. Per the context of the modifier “to ensure that its teachers…”, it is clear that it provides the purpose of both the actions of the organization. This sentence is correct as is.

Choice B – This choice no longer provides the purpose of the actions. By changing “to ensure” to “and ensures”, the sentence implies that the organization somehow (probably with some other measures) ensures that its teachers impart high quality of teachers. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

Choice C – This choice is also grammatically correct but it changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Per this choice, the organization requires two things from the teachers.
1. Teachers have master’s degree
2. Teachers fund the master’s degree

This is clearly not the intended meaning. Per the intended meaning, the organization requires that teachers have master’s degree and in fact the organization itself funds the same (obviously for the teachers who do not have master’s degree). The organization implements this requirement and funds the education with a single aim – high quality of teaching.

Choice D – This choice does not use correct punctuation to connect the two verbs – requires and funds.

Choice E – Use of “funding the same…” is incorrect here. Neither of the two interpretations of the verb-ing modifier is correct:
1. Organization requires that teachers have master’s degree – this results in the organization funding the education. –Illogical.
2. Organization requires that teachers have master’s degree by funding the same. - Illogical

TAKE AWAYS

1. Understand the meaning of the original sentence. Note the relationships among each part of the sentence – both from grammatical standpoint and from logical standpoint.
2. Make sure that these relationships are maintained in the correct choice as well.

I am not sure why option E is wrong. Funding the education can very easily be the result of their requirements. I do not see a problem with that part highlighted in red above and why it is illogical. Can you please explain this further.?
Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 2 - Quality of Teaching   [#permalink] 17 May 2016, 05:47
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