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# 397. In reference to OR refering to ?

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SVP
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397. In reference to OR refering to ? [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2008, 18:29
2
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397.In reference to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently expressed anxiety that their prospects for being hired and promoted are being stunted by their habit.

(A) In reference to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently expressed anxiety that
(B) Referring to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently expressed anxiety about
(C) When referring to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently express anxiety about
(D) With reference to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently expressed anxiety about
(E) Referring to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently express anxiety that
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Director
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Re: 397. In reference to OR refering to ? [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2008, 18:39
2
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I will go with E. First of all In reference to, or when refering to is too circuitous. Referring to I will say is more direct and GMAT prefers it that way.
That reduces choice between B & E.

B uses "smokers frequently expressed anxiety about" means it was thing of past and no longer exist now. Which is obviously not the case as it is an ongoing case.

So E correctly expresses it.

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SVP
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Re: 397. In reference to OR refering to ? [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2008, 08:29
2
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I also like E.

I wouldn't say the other phrases are circuitous, but they're too wordy.

Regarding sentence correction answers, the shorter the better!

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Manager
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Re: 397. In reference to OR refering to ? [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2010, 02:48
because it is a current event, ‘in referring to’, we must use ‘express’. This leaves us with CE. Since ‘when’ is used with reference to time and noun events. We do not need ‘when’ over here. Hence, C wins.

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Re: 397. In reference to OR refering to ? [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2010, 00:12
roshanaslam wrote:
because it is a current event, ‘in referring to’, we must use ‘express’. This leaves us with CE. Since ‘when’ is used with reference to time and noun events. We do not need ‘when’ over here. Hence, C wins.

С is wrong
this is OG Verbal review-1, # 28 page 238.
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Knewton GMAT Instructor
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Re: 397. In reference to OR refering to ? [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2010, 10:02
3
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Good discussion on this one! Interestingly, the title of the post asks whether we need "in reference to" or "referring to," but we can actually get to the correct answer with totally different errors. It's easy to get hung up on one distinction among answer choices, but don't forget that there is often more than one issue at work -- if you feel stuck, try looking for other errors.

roshanaslam correctly notes that we need the present tense to describe the "current" event, which leaves us with C and E. Between those two answer choices, there's another error that nobody has mentioned yet: "anxiety ABOUT" versus "anxiety THAT." Idiomatically, a person feels anxious THAT an event will happen or is happening.
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Jen Rugani
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Re: 397. In reference to OR refering to ? [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2010, 09:57
2
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Hi JenRugani,

When you say "anxiety ABOUT" versus "anxiety THAT, you point out that "idiomatically, a person feels anxious THAT an event will happen or is happening.
MGMAT SC tells us that "anxiaty ABOUT" + noun is OK. Do I understand it correctly, deriving these formulas?

"anxiety THAT" + clause = CORRECT
"anxiaty ABOUT" + clause = NOT CORRECT
"anxiaty ABOUT" + noun = CORRECT

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Re: 397. In reference to OR refering to ? [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2010, 10:09
2
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Yep, Financier, that's correct!

I expressed anxiety ABOUT the test.
I expressed anxiety THAT I would not do well on the test.

The distinction is between noun and clause, as you identified.
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Re: 397. In reference to OR refering to ? [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2010, 22:42
1
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JenRugani wrote:
Yep, Financier, that's correct!

I expressed anxiety ABOUT the test.
I expressed anxiety THAT I would not do well on the test.

The distinction is between noun and clause, as you identified.

Thank you Jen.

You are my favorite Knewton Verbal instructor.
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Re: 397. In reference to OR refering to ? [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2011, 08:52
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E is absolutely right.
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Hung M.Tran
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National Economics University of Vietnam

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Re: 397. In reference to OR refering to ? [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2011, 18:51
E

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Re: 397. In reference to OR refering to ? [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2011, 01:57
This is a current event so we can easily eliminate ABD. The only choices we've got are C and E. Can anyone tell me why we shouldnt select C as the correct one?

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Re: 397. In reference to OR refering to ? [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2011, 16:30
1
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Trouper wrote:
This is a current event so we can easily eliminate ABD. The only choices we've got are C and E. Can anyone tell me why we shouldnt select C as the correct one?

See JenRugani's post above.

The sentence, without the initial clause, reads as "Smokers frequently express anxiety about their prospects for being hired and promoted are being stunted by their habit". Without that extra "are", it might be a better choice.

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Re: 397. In reference to OR refering to ?   [#permalink] 19 Jul 2011, 16:30
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