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# 4 SC Qs

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Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Mar 2007
Posts: 293

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Location: Russia, Moscow

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13 Sep 2007, 06:13
Please, who can explain the the difference between answer (marked red) on the first question and the answers (marked red) on the other three.

Malaria ravages more people than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which are devoted to its study.

(A) than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(B) than any disease, but there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(C) than does any disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(D) as any other disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(E) than any other disease, yet only a dozen laboratories in the world

Local residents claim that San Antonio, Texas, has more good Mexican American restaurants than any city does in the United States.
(A) any city does
(B) does any other city
(C) other cities do
(D) any city
(E) other cities

Los Angeles has a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city.
(A) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city
(B) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than any other large city
(C) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than does any other large city
(D) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than do other large cities
(E) a high per capita number of family dwellings, more than does any other large city

The guiding principles of the tax plan released by the Treasury Department could have even a greater significance for the economy than the particulars of the plan.
(A) even a greater significance for the economy than
(B) a significance that is even greater for the economy than
(C) even greater significance for the economy than have
(D) even greater significance for the economy than do
(E) a significance even greater for the economy than have

Last edited by Vlad77 on 13 Sep 2007, 06:16, edited 1 time in total.

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Director
Joined: 22 Aug 2007
Posts: 566

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Re: Malaria has not been cured yet [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2007, 06:16
Please, who can explain the the difference between answer (marked red) on the first question and the answers (marked red) on the other three.

Malaria ravages more people than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which are devoted to its study.

(A) than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(B) than any disease, but there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(C) than does any disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(D) as any other disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(E) than any other disease, yet only a dozen laboratories in the world

Local residents claim that San Antonio, Texas, has more good Mexican American restaurants than any city does in the United States.
(A) any city does
(B) does any other city
(C) other cities do
(D) any city
(E) other cities

Los Angeles has a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city.
(A) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city
(B) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than any other large city
(C) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than does any other large city
(D) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than do other large cities
(E) a high per capita number of family dwellings, more than does any other large city

The guiding principles of the tax plan released by the Treasury Department could have even a greater significance for the economy than the particulars of the plan.
(A) even a greater significance for the economy than
(B) a significance that is even greater for the economy than
(C) even greater significance for the economy than have
(D) even greater significance for the economy than do
(E) a significance even greater for the economy than have

I can see only 2 differences:

1- first example uses word 'yet' for comparison, to emphasize contrast, meanwhile other examples use 'than' for simple comparison.
2- first example use verb BE (are), other examples use verb DO (does and do).

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Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Mar 2007
Posts: 293

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 0

Location: Russia, Moscow
Re: Malaria has not been cured yet [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2007, 06:36
IrinaOK wrote:
Please, who can explain the the difference between answer (marked red) on the first question and the answers (marked red) on the other three.

Malaria ravages more people than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which are devoted to its study.

(A) than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(B) than any disease, but there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(C) than does any disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(D) as any other disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(E) than any other disease, yet only a dozen laboratories in the world

Local residents claim that San Antonio, Texas, has more good Mexican American restaurants than any city does in the United States.
(A) any city does
(B) does any other city
(C) other cities do
(D) any city
(E) other cities

Los Angeles has a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city.
(A) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city
(B) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than any other large city
(C) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than does any other large city
(D) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than do other large cities
(E) a high per capita number of family dwellings, more than does any other large city

The guiding principles of the tax plan released by the Treasury Department could have even a greater significance for the economy than the particulars of the plan.
(A) even a greater significance for the economy than
(B) a significance that is even greater for the economy than
(C) even greater significance for the economy than have
(D) even greater significance for the economy than do
(E) a significance even greater for the economy than have

I can see only 2 differences:

1- first example uses word 'yet' for comparison, to emphasize contrast, meanwhile other examples use 'than' for simple comparison.
2- first example use verb BE (are), other examples use verb DO (does and do).

In the first "does" is omitted (than "does" any other disease), while in the others it is a sctrict requirement. How we can explain this???

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 12 Jul 2007
Posts: 9

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Re: Malaria has not been cured yet [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2007, 06:50
Please, who can explain the the difference between answer (marked red) on the first question and the answers (marked red) on the other three.

Malaria ravages more people than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which are devoted to its study.

(A) than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(B) than any disease, but there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(C) than does any disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(D) as any other disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(E) than any other disease, yet only a dozen laboratories in the world

Local residents claim that San Antonio, Texas, has more good Mexican American restaurants than any city does in the United States.
(A) any city does
(B) does any other city
(C) other cities do
(D) any city
(E) other cities

Los Angeles has a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city.
(A) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city
(B) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than any other large city
(C) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than does any other large city
(D) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than do other large cities
(E) a high per capita number of family dwellings, more than does any other large city

The guiding principles of the tax plan released by the Treasury Department could have even a greater significance for the economy than the particulars of the plan.
(A) even a greater significance for the economy than
(B) a significance that is even greater for the economy than
(C) even greater significance for the economy than have
(D) even greater significance for the economy than do
(E) a significance even greater for the economy than have

First 3 are straight forward comparisions. LA is compared with other cities (not with itself), San Antonio is compared with all other cities in US (Not with itself), and Malaria is compared with all other diseases (not with itself). So, every one these must use "any other".

In the first one, 2 choices satisfy "any other", but "more" in non-underlined part must be followed by "than". So, you can eliminate D.

In the second one, only one choice has "any other".

In the third one, B, C, E have "any other". But, E changes the meaning of the original sentence, and you can eliminate B for missing verb after "than".

In the 4th, Only "do" matches with "could have"

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Director
Joined: 22 Aug 2007
Posts: 566

Kudos [?]: 71 [0], given: 0

Re: Malaria has not been cured yet [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2007, 07:10
IrinaOK wrote:
Please, who can explain the the difference between answer (marked red) on the first question and the answers (marked red) on the other three.

Malaria ravages more people than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which are devoted to its study.

(A) than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(B) than any disease, but there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(C) than does any disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(D) as any other disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(E) than any other disease, yet only a dozen laboratories in the world

Local residents claim that San Antonio, Texas, has more good Mexican American restaurants than any city does in the United States.
(A) any city does
(B) does any other city
(C) other cities do
(D) any city
(E) other cities

Los Angeles has a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city.
(A) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city
(B) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than any other large city
(C) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than does any other large city
(D) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than do other large cities
(E) a high per capita number of family dwellings, more than does any other large city

The guiding principles of the tax plan released by the Treasury Department could have even a greater significance for the economy than the particulars of the plan.
(A) even a greater significance for the economy than
(B) a significance that is even greater for the economy than
(C) even greater significance for the economy than have
(D) even greater significance for the economy than do
(E) a significance even greater for the economy than have

I can see only 2 differences:

1- first example uses word 'yet' for comparison, to emphasize contrast, meanwhile other examples use 'than' for simple comparison.
2- first example use verb BE (are), other examples use verb DO (does and do).

In the first "does" is omitted (than "does" any other disease), while in the others it is a sctrict requirement. How we can explain this???

I can see your point now.

I read from several resources that sometimes comparison can be made by use of implied verb or any other word. I think it is called ellipsis.

Anne scores better than any other student does
Anne scores better than any other student.

Both are correct. But first is preferred.

Do not have any other grammatical explanation for this, but have suggestion from Kaplan 800, last edition.

It says, (following is quote) 'An 800 test taker always remembers that an answer choice doesn`t need to be perfect in order to be right.'
If you look at the asnwer choices, the are the most fit ones.

Kudos [?]: 71 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Mar 2007
Posts: 293

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 0

Location: Russia, Moscow
Re: Malaria has not been cured yet [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2007, 11:43
IrinaOK wrote:
IrinaOK wrote:
Please, who can explain the the difference between answer (marked red) on the first question and the answers (marked red) on the other three.

Malaria ravages more people than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which are devoted to its study.

(A) than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(B) than any disease, but there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(C) than does any disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(D) as any other disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(E) than any other disease, yet only a dozen laboratories in the world

Local residents claim that San Antonio, Texas, has more good Mexican American restaurants than any city does in the United States.
(A) any city does
(B) does any other city
(C) other cities do
(D) any city
(E) other cities

Los Angeles has a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city.
(A) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city
(B) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than any other large city
(C) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than does any other large city
(D) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than do other large cities
(E) a high per capita number of family dwellings, more than does any other large city

The guiding principles of the tax plan released by the Treasury Department could have even a greater significance for the economy than the particulars of the plan.
(A) even a greater significance for the economy than
(B) a significance that is even greater for the economy than
(C) even greater significance for the economy than have
(D) even greater significance for the economy than do
(E) a significance even greater for the economy than have

I can see only 2 differences:

1- first example uses word 'yet' for comparison, to emphasize contrast, meanwhile other examples use 'than' for simple comparison.
2- first example use verb BE (are), other examples use verb DO (does and do).

In the first "does" is omitted (than "does" any other disease), while in the others it is a sctrict requirement. How we can explain this???

I can see your point now.

I read from several resources that sometimes comparison can be made by use of implied verb or any other word. I think it is called ellipsis.

Anne scores better than any other student does
Anne scores better than any other student.

Both are correct. But first is preferred.

Do not have any other grammatical explanation for this, but have suggestion from Kaplan 800, last edition.

It says, (following is quote) 'An 800 test taker always remembers that an answer choice doesn`t need to be perfect in order to be right.'
If you look at the asnwer choices, the are the most fit ones.

Thanks!!! Do we choose E over C in the first question only on the basis of "yet"???

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 0

CEO
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2554

Kudos [?]: 516 [0], given: 0

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13 Sep 2007, 12:12
than does any disease is not correct.

Needs "other"

If it said than does any other disease, this I think would also be correct.

Kudos [?]: 516 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 28 Jun 2007
Posts: 454

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Re: Malaria has not been cured yet [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2007, 23:49
IrinaOK wrote:
IrinaOK wrote:
Please, who can explain the the difference between answer (marked red) on the first question and the answers (marked red) on the other three.

Malaria ravages more people than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which are devoted to its study.

(A) than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(B) than any disease, but there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(C) than does any disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(D) as any other disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(E) than any other disease, yet only a dozen laboratories in the world

Local residents claim that San Antonio, Texas, has more good Mexican American restaurants than any city does in the United States.
(A) any city does
(B) does any other city
(C) other cities do
(D) any city
(E) other cities

Los Angeles has a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city.
(A) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city
(B) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than any other large city
(C) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than does any other large city
(D) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than do other large cities
(E) a high per capita number of family dwellings, more than does any other large city

The guiding principles of the tax plan released by the Treasury Department could have even a greater significance for the economy than the particulars of the plan.
(A) even a greater significance for the economy than
(B) a significance that is even greater for the economy than
(C) even greater significance for the economy than have
(D) even greater significance for the economy than do
(E) a significance even greater for the economy than have

I can see only 2 differences:

1- first example uses word 'yet' for comparison, to emphasize contrast, meanwhile other examples use 'than' for simple comparison.
2- first example use verb BE (are), other examples use verb DO (does and do).

In the first "does" is omitted (than "does" any other disease), while in the others it is a sctrict requirement. How we can explain this???

I can see your point now.

I read from several resources that sometimes comparison can be made by use of implied verb or any other word. I think it is called ellipsis.

Anne scores better than any other student does
Anne scores better than any other student.

Both are correct. But first is preferred.

Do not have any other grammatical explanation for this, but have suggestion from Kaplan 800, last edition.

It says, (following is quote) 'An 800 test taker always remembers that an answer choice doesn`t need to be perfect in order to be right.'
If you look at the asnwer choices, the are the most fit ones.

Thanks!!! Do we choose E over C in the first question only on the basis of "yet"???

I choose E over C in the first question because of "other". Yet and But convey pretty much the same thing.

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Director
Joined: 14 Jan 2007
Posts: 775

Kudos [?]: 172 [0], given: 0

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14 Sep 2007, 03:05
This is what I think-

Coming to your answer where we should remove the verb and where not. There is as such no fixed rule.

In case of question 1 had we were given option "than does any other disease, yet only a dozen laboratories in the world" it would have been preferred than option E which is best answer in given choices.

But as generic rule, one can say that if Subject is possessing some thing (like in question 2, 3, and 4) then use of verb in necessary otherwise comparison between first part and second part of setenace will be illogical, it will be like comparing apples with oranges.

Moreover all of these questions are testing parallelism and comparision and subject verb agreement so if all these three are taken care of then above questions can be easily solved.

Kudos [?]: 172 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Mar 2007
Posts: 293

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 0

Location: Russia, Moscow

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14 Sep 2007, 04:28
Thanks!!! Things are getting clearer now:)) If anybody wants to add something do not hesitate!!!

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Director
Joined: 22 Aug 2007
Posts: 566

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Re: Malaria has not been cured yet [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2007, 12:58
IrinaOK wrote:
IrinaOK wrote:
Please, who can explain the the difference between answer (marked red) on the first question and the answers (marked red) on the other three.

Malaria ravages more people than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which are devoted to its study.

(A) than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(B) than any disease, but there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(C) than does any disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(D) as any other disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(E) than any other disease, yet only a dozen laboratories in the world

Local residents claim that San Antonio, Texas, has more good Mexican American restaurants than any city does in the United States.
(A) any city does
(B) does any other city
(C) other cities do
(D) any city
(E) other cities

Los Angeles has a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city.
(A) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city
(B) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than any other large city
(C) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than does any other large city
(D) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than do other large cities
(E) a high per capita number of family dwellings, more than does any other large city

The guiding principles of the tax plan released by the Treasury Department could have even a greater significance for the economy than the particulars of the plan.
(A) even a greater significance for the economy than
(B) a significance that is even greater for the economy than
(C) even greater significance for the economy than have
(D) even greater significance for the economy than do
(E) a significance even greater for the economy than have

I can see only 2 differences:

1- first example uses word 'yet' for comparison, to emphasize contrast, meanwhile other examples use 'than' for simple comparison.
2- first example use verb BE (are), other examples use verb DO (does and do).

In the first "does" is omitted (than "does" any other disease), while in the others it is a sctrict requirement. How we can explain this???

I can see your point now.

I read from several resources that sometimes comparison can be made by use of implied verb or any other word. I think it is called ellipsis.

Anne scores better than any other student does
Anne scores better than any other student.

Both are correct. But first is preferred.

Do not have any other grammatical explanation for this, but have suggestion from Kaplan 800, last edition.

It says, (following is quote) 'An 800 test taker always remembers that an answer choice doesn`t need to be perfect in order to be right.'
If you look at the asnwer choices, the are the most fit ones.

Thanks!!! Do we choose E over C in the first question only on the basis of "yet"???

When faced with two reasonable and gramatically correct choices, choose the one that is closer to the original meaning. In the first example, there is no reason to change word 'yet' to 'but', so better go with the original. I read this from MGMAT series. I also think 'other' is mising in C

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Manager
Joined: 16 May 2007
Posts: 141

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Re: Malaria has not been cured yet [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2007, 10:29
Please, who can explain the the difference between answer (marked red) on the first question and the answers (marked red) on the other three.

Malaria ravages more people than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which are devoted to its study.

(A) than any disease, yet there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(B) than any disease, but there are only a dozen laboratories in the world which
(C) than does any disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(D) as any other disease, but only a dozen laboratories in the world
(E) than any other disease, yet only a dozen laboratories in the world

Local residents claim that San Antonio, Texas, has more good Mexican American restaurants than any city does in the United States.
(A) any city does
(B) does any other city
(C) other cities do
(D) any city
(E) other cities

Los Angeles has a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city.
(A) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than any large city
(B) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than any other large city
(C) a higher number of family dwellings per capita than does any other large city
(D) higher numbers of family dwellings per capita than do other large cities
(E) a high per capita number of family dwellings, more than does any other large city

The guiding principles of the tax plan released by the Treasury Department could have even a greater significance for the economy than the particulars of the plan.
(A) even a greater significance for the economy than
(B) a significance that is even greater for the economy than
(C) even greater significance for the economy than have
(D) even greater significance for the economy than do
(E) a significance even greater for the economy than have

In question 1, If option c had "other", then that would have been the correct answer. Without that E is the correct choice.

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Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Mar 2007
Posts: 293

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 0

Location: Russia, Moscow

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17 Sep 2007, 06:59
Thanks. More info on the use of ellipsis you can find here:
http://www.gmatclub.com/forum/t52148

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17 Sep 2007, 06:59
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