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# 45: Columnist: Much of North America and western Europe is

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45: Columnist: Much of North America and western Europe is [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2008, 11:26
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45: Columnist: Much of North America and western Europe is more heavily forested and has less acid rain and better air quality now than five decades ago. Though this may be due largely to policies advocated by environmentalists, it nonetheless lends credibility to the claims of people who reject predictions of imminent ecological doom and argue that environmental policies that excessively restrict the use of natural resources may diminish the wealth necessary to adopt and sustain the policies that brought about these improvements.

Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the columnist’s reasoning?

(A) Nations sustain their wealth largely through industrial use of the natural resources found within their boundaries.

(B) The more advanced the technology used in a nation’s industries, the greater is that nation’s ability to devote a portion of its resources to social programs.

(C) A majority of ecological disasters arise from causes that are beyond human control.

(D) If a compromise between the proponents of economic growth and the environmentalists had been enacted rather than the current policies, the environment would have seen significantly less improvement.

(E) The concern demonstrated by a nation for the health and integrity of its natural ecosystems leads to an increase in that nation’s wealth.
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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2008, 11:49
Wow this is a tough one - I have been staring at it for a while and no divine intervention has occurred!

I am trying to do through negating the topics

Basically the passage is saying excessive environmental restrictions may diminish the wealth needed to sustain these enviromental policies

but if you negate A --> nations don't sustain wealth through using the environmental resources - then why would they care so I think this would weaken it - so I pick A -

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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2008, 20:34
(A)
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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2008, 23:54
Another A.

Last line mentions "restrict the use of natural resources may diminish the wealth necessary to adopt...." and A supports this.
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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2008, 00:14
scthakur wrote:
Another A.

Last line mentions "restrict the use of natural resources may diminish the wealth necessary to adopt...." and A supports this.

Another A.

Give some light to eliminate the wrong choice

GMAT TIGER wrote:
(B) The more advanced the technology used in a nation’s industries, the greater is that nation’s ability to devote a portion of its resources to social programs.

Argument does not focus on the advanced tech...and the social programs, so How many resources devoted to the social programs is irrelevant.

GMAT TIGER wrote:
(C) A majority of ecological disasters arise from causes that are beyond human control.

The causes that are beyond human control is outside of scope.

GMAT TIGER wrote:
(D) If a compromise between the proponents of economic growth and the environmentalists had been enacted rather than the current policies, the environment would have seen significantly less improvement.

The compromise is not separate

GMAT TIGER wrote:
(E) The concern demonstrated by a nation for the health and integrity of its natural ecosystems leads to an increase in that nation’s wealth.

the nations's wealth and the wealth necessary to adop policies are different
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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2008, 09:40
OA I have is E.
Donot have OE.

GMAT TIGER wrote:
45: Columnist: Much of North America and western Europe is more heavily forested and has less acid rain and better air quality now than five decades ago. Though this may be due largely to policies advocated by environmentalists, it nonetheless lends credibility to the claims of people who reject predictions of imminent ecological doom and argue that environmental policies that excessively restrict the use of natural resources may diminish the wealth necessary to adopt and sustain the policies that brought about these improvements.

Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the columnist’s reasoning?

(A) Nations sustain their wealth largely through industrial use of the natural resources found within their boundaries.

(B) The more advanced the technology used in a nation’s industries, the greater is that nation’s ability to devote a portion of its resources to social programs.

(C) A majority of ecological disasters arise from causes that are beyond human control.

(D) If a compromise between the proponents of economic growth and the environmentalists had been enacted rather than the current policies, the environment would have seen significantly less improvement.

(E) The concern demonstrated by a nation for the health and integrity of its natural ecosystems leads to an increase in that nation’s wealth.

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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2008, 23:07
Tough one to interpret the OA. Is it because "excessive" in the last line changes the meaning?
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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2008, 21:23
GMAT TIGER wrote:
OA I have is E.
Donot have OE.

GMAT TIGER wrote:
45: Columnist: Much of North America and western Europe is more heavily forested and has less acid rain and better air quality now than five decades ago. Though this may be due largely to policies advocated by environmentalists, it nonetheless lends credibility to the claims of people who reject predictions of imminent ecological doom and argue that environmental policies that excessively restrict the use of natural resources may diminish the wealth necessary to adopt and sustain the policies that brought about these improvements.

Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the columnist’s reasoning?

(A) Nations sustain their wealth largely through industrial use of the natural resources found within their boundaries.

(B) The more advanced the technology used in a nation’s industries, the greater is that nation’s ability to devote a portion of its resources to social programs.

(C) A majority of ecological disasters arise from causes that are beyond human control.

(D) If a compromise between the proponents of economic growth and the environmentalists had been enacted rather than the current policies, the environment would have seen significantly less improvement.

(E) The concern demonstrated by a nation for the health and integrity of its natural ecosystems leads to an increase in that nation’s wealth.

I lost the way. Hope tomorrow I will get the point after refreshing the head
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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2009, 15:10
GMAT TIGER wrote:
45: Columnist: Much of North America and western Europe is more heavily forested and has less acid rain and better air quality now than five decades ago. Though this may be due largely to policies advocated by environmentalists, it nonetheless lends credibility to the claims of people who reject predictions of imminent ecological doom and argue that environmental policies that excessively restrict the use of natural resources may diminish the wealth necessary to adopt and sustain the policies that brought about these improvements.

Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the columnist’s reasoning?

(A) Nations sustain their wealth largely through industrial use of the natural resources found within their boundaries.

(B) The more advanced the technology used in a nation’s industries, the greater is that nation’s ability to devote a portion of its resources to social programs.

(C) A majority of ecological disasters arise from causes that are beyond human control.

(D) If a compromise between the proponents of economic growth and the environmentalists had been enacted rather than the current policies, the environment would have seen significantly less improvement.

(E) The concern demonstrated by a nation for the health and integrity of its natural ecosystems leads to an increase in that nation’s wealth.

Columnists reasoning is excessive restrictions will cause loss in wealth which in turn will prevent the cycle of sustaining wealth and careful restriction

E is more like a conclusion to me. Also The concern in E is excessive or sufficient? unknown?? right. Clearly it does not support C's reasoning.

A supports the reasoning because if nations are using these resources to gain wealth and excessive restrictions are applied, wealth cannot be sustained.
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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2009, 18:05
must be a typo because the answer is clearly A.
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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2009, 20:46
hardaway7 wrote:
Wow this is a tough one - I have been staring at it for a while and no divine intervention has occurred!

I am trying to do through negating the topics

Basically the passage is saying excessive environmental restrictions may diminish the wealth needed to sustain these enviromental policies

but if you negate A --> nations don't sustain wealth through using the environmental resources - then why would they care so I think this would weaken it - so I pick A -

IMO, here is what the columnist is arguing:
the better air quality in west europe and america is more because of environmental policies adopted. It does lend credibility to argument that environmental restrictions diminish wealth needed to sustain such policies. Evidently, the author believes that the environmental policies and the rise in wealth of nation go hand in hand.
Hence, E.
But at first glance I picked D.
To strengthen the argument, we
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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2009, 05:14
E In fact it weakens the reasoning
GMAT TIGER wrote:
45: Columnist: Much of North America and western Europe is more heavily forested and has less acid rain and better air quality now than five decades ago. Though this may be due largely to policies advocated by environmentalists, it nonetheless lends credibility to the claims of people who reject predictions of imminent ecological doom and argue that environmental policies that excessively restrict the use of natural resources may diminish the wealth necessary to adopt and sustain the policies that brought about these improvements.

Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the columnist’s reasoning?

(A) Nations sustain their wealth largely through industrial use of the natural resources found within their boundaries.

(B) The more advanced the technology used in a nation’s industries, the greater is that nation’s ability to devote a portion of its resources to social programs.

(C) A majority of ecological disasters arise from causes that are beyond human control.

(D) If a compromise between the proponents of economic growth and the environmentalists had been enacted rather than the current policies, the environment would have seen significantly less improvement.

(E) The concern demonstrated by a nation for the health and integrity of its natural ecosystems leads to an increase in that nation’s wealth.
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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2009, 02:01
After being stumped for 1st time and blinking for a while n then reinterpreting everything freshly, finally arrived at E !.

But it was not worth all that time i wasted. i surely wud ve skipped it in exam.. But still , question was awesome
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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2009, 11:55
Enemy .... could you explain why E ?
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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2009, 12:21
GMAT TIGER wrote:
45: Columnist: Much of North America and western Europe is more heavily forested and has less acid rain and better air quality now than five decades ago. Though this may be due largely to policies advocated by environmentalists, it nonetheless lends credibility to the claims of people who reject predictions of imminent ecological doom and argue that environmental policies that excessively restrict the use of natural resources may diminish the wealth necessary to adopt and sustain the policies that brought about these improvements.

Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the columnist’s reasoning?

(A) Nations sustain their wealth largely through industrial use of the natural resources found within their boundaries.

(B) The more advanced the technology used in a nation’s industries, the greater is that nation’s ability to devote a portion of its resources to social programs.

(C) A majority of ecological disasters arise from causes that are beyond human control.

(D) If a compromise between the proponents of economic growth and the environmentalists had been enacted rather than the current policies, the environment would have seen significantly less improvement.

(E) The concern demonstrated by a nation for the health and integrity of its natural ecosystems leads to an increase in that nation’s wealth.

This question is terribly worded; there's no way it's a real GMAT question. The stem says that restrictions may 'diminish the wealth needed to adopt the policies that brought about these improvements'. If the policies have already brought about the improvements, they've clearly already been adopted; this sentence doesn't make any sense. Answer choice D also doesn't make any sense; it talks about enacting a compromise between 'proponents of economic growth' and 'environmentalists'. You can't 'enact' a group of people, or a compromise between two groups of people; you can only enact a compromise between their proposals or ideas. If D were a sentence correction question, it would be the wrong answer.

Finally, if we simplify the argument, it says essentially that "wealth is needed to improve the environment". Answer E states the converse: "improving the environment increases wealth". An argument is not equivalent to its converse, so E cannot be right. E would need to state the contrapositive to be correct; that is, it would need to say "without wealth, the environment can't be improved". I'm with those above who have chosen A.
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Re: CR: Much of North America and western Europe   [#permalink] 01 Feb 2009, 12:21
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# 45: Columnist: Much of North America and western Europe is

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