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# *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised

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Manager
Joined: 26 Feb 2015
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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised  [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2016, 01:06
shriramvelamuri wrote:
IMO C. say 999 people said bible and 1 person said '1984'; Then the conclusion breaks.

Lets say 501 people like bible and 499 like '1984'; Conclusion gains.

B, C, and D are clearly out of scope. A is tough call.

souvik101990 wrote:
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second.

The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?

A. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?

E. How many people chose 1984?

Yes. This is exactly what I was thinking. Good explanation.
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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised  [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2017, 11:44
George Orwell???s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper???s readers: Conclusion

Premise: survey of 1000 readers suggests that 1984 was the second most often chosen book in terms of influence

If number of readers of newspaper is 1000000000 then the survey of 1000 people can t be used to conclude that a great number of newspaper readers are influenced by 1984.

if number of readers of newspaper is 1010 then survey is right to conclude that great number of newspaper readers are influenced by 1984.

What is the point I am missing here.
I often get CR questions wrong and dont even understand the correct answer explanation.
Where am I missing the point here and how do I improve ?

PS: already reading Powerscore CR and have gone through many OG questions and CR strategies.

Any help would be highly appreciated.

Kudos !!

Regards,
Saksham
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Joined: 20 Nov 2016
Posts: 260
Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2017, 18:34
Quote:
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second. The
answer to which one of the following questions would most help in
evaluating the columnist’s argument?

B. How many people chose books other than 1984?
C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?
D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?
E. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?

Quote:
George Orwell???s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper???s readers: Conclusion

Premise: survey of 1000 readers suggests that 1984 was the second most often chosen book in terms of influence

If number of readers of newspaper is 1000000000 then the survey of 1000 people can t be used to conclude that a great number of newspaper readers are influenced by 1984.

if number of readers of newspaper is 1010 then survey is right to conclude that great number of newspaper readers are influenced by 1984.

What is the point I am missing here.
I often get CR questions wrong and dont even understand the correct answer explanation.
Where am I missing the point here and how do I improve ?

PS: already reading Powerscore CR and have gone through many OG questions and CR strategies.

Any help would be highly appreciated.

Kudos !!

Regards,
Saksham

sakshamgmat, thanks for your question! You've already taken a great first step, which is, if possible, to identify the conclusion, "George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers." Now, make sure to pay close attention to what is being asked... we are looking for a question whose answer would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument. Note that this does not mean that we need to prove whether the columnist's conclusion is true or false. With that in mind, consider choice B..

Quote:
B. How many people chose books other than 1984?

If we know how many people out of the 1000 chose books OTHER than 1984, then we know how many people chose 1984 (ie if 990 people chose books other than 1984, that means that only 10 chose 1984; if 600 people chose books other than 1984, then 400 chose 1984). If only 10 chose 1984, then we could easily criticize the columnist's argument because we have no idea if only 10 readers were influenced by 1984 or if a large number of those not surveyed were also influenced by 1984. The actual number of newspaper readers influenced by 1984 could be 10 or it could be 10,000; without more information, we cannot safely reach the columnist's conclusion, but we can indeed evaluate the columnist's conclusion and determine that it is insufficient. Now, what if 400 people chose 1984? If the survey is reasonably accurate, this data tells us that nearly half of the newspaper's readers were influenced by 1984. Sure, it is possible that the newspaper actually has 1,000,000 readers and that only 400 total were influenced by 1984, but it is far more likely that a larger portion were influenced by 1984. And even if only 400 people in total were influenced by 1984, one could still argue that this is a "great number" of readers (the columnist only argued that a great number of readers were influenced by 1984, not that a large percentage of readers were influenced by 1984). Thus, the columnist's argument is reasonable.

Knowing the number of people out of the 1000 surveyed helps us evaluate the columnist's argument better than the answers to the questions in the other choices would, so choice B is the best option. I hope that helps!
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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2017, 05:58
i got B for my answer but the top thread chose E. I think we missed up 2 different questions that have the same base.
Intern
Joined: 09 Jun 2017
Posts: 10
Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2017, 09:05
I still cannot grasp why the number of newspaper's readers is irrelevant - the survey pertains to 1,000 readers - if the newspaper has 100,000 readers that's a 1% sample (more or less representative). However, if there are millions of readers all around the globe - it doesn't matter what the surveyed 1,000 readers say about "1984" - even if 499 of them said "1984" influenced their lives it wouldn't be correct to conclude that great number of readers feel the same (as 499 people is not a representative sample when it comes to millions of readers)
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Posts: 68
Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2017, 17:51
oagostinho wrote:
Hi, Everyone

thanks for your help! all of you!

Well, this is my opinion:

Conclusion:
George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper’s readers
Facts:
One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second
Assumptions?
Here, it's important to make some relationship between the readers of the newspaper and the Orwell's book......
And
The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper? For me, this one, make this RELATIONSHIP!

what do you think guys?

Cheers!

Well, the number of people who read the columnist's newspaper is frankly irrelevant. Whatever the number is, 10,000 or 1,000,000, the claim in the argument (read conclusion) is that a great number of those readers i.e. a great number of 10,000 or a great number of 1,000,000, have been influenced by the book 1984.

To test this answer choice another way; if the answer to the question how many people read the columnist's newspaper was 10, does that weaken or strengthen the argument? No; 8 people of those 10 (a relatively great number) could have been strongly influenced by the book. This would be the same if the answer was 10,000.

B is the correct answer; if the answer to the question posed by answer choice B, was 20, then 20 readers out of 1000 readers is not a great number of people. This weakens the conclusion. However, if the answer was 700, or so out of 1,000, then a great number would have been influenced. This strengthens the conclusion.
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Posts: 68
Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2017, 18:00
oagostinho wrote:
Hi, Everyone

thanks for your help! all of you!

Well, this is my opinion:

Conclusion:
George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper’s readers
Facts:
One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second
Assumptions?
Here, it's important to make some relationship between the readers of the newspaper and the Orwell's book......
And
The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper? For me, this one, make this RELATIONSHIP!

what do you think guys?

Cheers!

Well, the number of people who read the columnist's newspaper is frankly irrelevant. Whatever the number is, 10,000 or 1,000,000, the claim in the argument (read conclusion) is that a great number of thosereaders i.e. a great number of 10,000 or a great number of 1,000,000, have been influenced by the book1984.

To test this answer choice another way; if the answer to the question how many people read the columnist's newspaper was 10, does that weaken or strengthen at the argument? No; 8 people of those 10 (a relatively great number) could have been strongly influenced by the book. This would be the same if the answer was 10,000.

B is the correct answer; if the answer to the question posed by answer choice B, was 20, then 20 readers out of 1000 readers is not a great number of people. This weakens the conclusion. However, if the answer was 700, or so out of 1,000, then a great number would have been influenced. This strengthens the conclusion.
venstein wrote:
I still cannot grasp why the number of newspaper's readers is irrelevant - the survey pertains to 1,000 readers - if the newspaper has 100,000 readers that's a 1% sample (more or less representative). However, if there are millions of readers all around the globe - it doesn't matter what the surveyed 1,000 readers say about "1984" - even if 499 of them said "1984" influenced their lives it wouldn't be correct to conclude that great number of readers feel the same (as 499 people is not a representative sample when it comes to millions of readers)

You pose an interesting question. Your reasoning is correct for a slightly different type of question: Find the Flaw or Weaken the Argument; the author assumes that the sample survey is representative of all readers. You could attack that assumption.

In this case, that reasoning doesn't apply. The size of the sample is actually pretty standard and acceptable in Statistics.
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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised  [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2018, 11:57
right, B is exactly what I had thought b/c B looks like a pattern in many questions. Essentially, B shows that whether the number people who chose 1984 is as same as the number of people who chose other books.

I never expect that E is wrong b/c E is out of scope. "influence" is the key of the argument, not "actually read the book they chose" -> Counterexample, people go to church and are under influence of Bible.
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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised  [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2018, 08:20
The conclusion of the argument is: The book has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspapers readers. Keywords to focus- "much influence", "great number" and "newspapers readers". Clearly we are concerned with just the readers of the newspaper. And for this conclusion to make sense it is important to know whether the readers who said that the book had influence on them were a considerable number for this argument to hold true. Only B gives an indication in that direction. Since if the number of people choosing the book is not greater by a considerable degree than people choosing other books, then the conclusion will not make sense. Hence, B.
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*700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised  [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2018, 04:52
serbiano wrote:
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second.

The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?

B. How many people chose books other than 1984?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?

E. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?

How many people chose 1984? is also a correct answer option

I am not quite sure how B is the right answer. If out of 100 books, 3 chose books other than 1984, 47 chose 1984 and 50 chose Bible, then it would support the argument. But if in the same case, if 3 chose books other than 1984, 4 chose 1984 and 93 chose bible, it would not support the argument. Thus for same value we are getting two different answers. Thus, we are not able to evaluate properly. Please can someone suggest where i am wrong.
*700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised   [#permalink] 28 Mar 2018, 04:52

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