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*700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised

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*700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second.

The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?

A. How many books had each person surveyed read?

B. How many people chose books other than 1984?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?

E. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?

[Reveal] Spoiler:
How many people chose 1984? is also a correct answer option
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Skywalker18 on 19 Jul 2017, 07:35, edited 1 time in total.
OA Corrected

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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2010, 05:26
Hi, Everyone

thanks for your help! all of you!


Well, this is my opinion:

Conclusion:
George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper’s readers
Facts:
One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second
Assumptions?
Here, it's important to make some relationship between the readers of the newspaper and the Orwell's book......
And
The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper? For me, this one, make this RELATIONSHIP!

what do you think guys?

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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2010, 05:59
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choose A

serbiano wrote:
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were
surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second. The
answer to which one of the following questions would most help in
evaluating the columnist’s argument?

A. How many books had each person surveyed read?If person read only 1984, he has no choice which book influences most. However if he read plenty of books and choose 1984, we can claim that 1984 influence much. I think this is the best answer

B. How many people chose books other than 1984? If total was 1000 surveyed, and answer tells us 100 or 900 people choose book other than 1984, I think we can evaluate the argument

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper? No matter how many people read newspaper. The stimulus states the book has an impact on newspaper's readers, not on all people

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen? No.

E. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose? The number will give us nothing new

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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2010, 07:34
Well,


In that way, I think could be:
B. How many people chose books other than 1984? If total was 1000 surveyed, and answer tells us 100 or 900 people choose book other than 1984, I think we can evaluate the argument

BUT what happens with this: The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second ?

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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2010, 21:14
The newspaper editore is saying that the book influenced the great number of readers of his newspaper, and he cites the survey with 1000 people as the back up for his argument. However, let's say his news paper has 1 mln readers, 1000 would not be even 1 % of the readership of his newspaper, thus his claim that " George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers" would be false.
Thus question needs to be asked how many people read his newspaper?
Clearly the answer is C.
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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2010, 08:00
OG 12 question. OA is B.

http://www.beatthegmat.com/george-orwel ... hington-DC
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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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serbiano wrote:
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a
great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were
surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on
their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second. The
answer to which one of the following questions would most help in
evaluating the columnist’s argument?

A. How many books had each person surveyed read?

B. How many people chose books other than 1984?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?

E. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?


I don't think C is the answer, because the stimulus says that 1000 people were surveyed. So we need to look for an option that would question the validity of the author's conclusion based on the survey data.

The answer should be B. If out of the 1000 people, 995 said Bible,4 said 1984 and 1 opted for another book, then it doesn't make sense to conclude that 1984 was an influential book.
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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2010, 03:52
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This question comes down to B & E.

E is supposed to be the trick answer for this question. One must keep in mind that a book doesn't have to be read in its entirety (or at all) in order to be influential on people. A perfect example of this would be religious texts; without getting into particularly sensitive specifics, there are plenty of people out there who will do crazy things and citing religious doctrine written in some "holy religious text" as justification, even if they have not read said text in its entirety or have no understanding of its context.

B is the neatly "hidden" right answer for the exact reason cited by vraptor in the post above.

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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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http://www.manhattanlsat.com/forums/q24 ... t4797.html

here the question is different from what is in this post. The people who were surveyed were readers of the news paper. This information is helpful to eliminate C.

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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2011, 02:18
looks like a tricky one..

cant decide between B and E

but will go with E

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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2011, 07:49
Good question... Got Stumped :)

Though B is the OA, I still feel C can be the answer
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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2011, 11:48
yea... very tricky one indeed... i have an inclination for E... only if people actually read the book... one can say if it has an influence on the people.... but... oa i guess is b and we have to accept that :-(

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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second.

The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?

A. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?

B. How many books had each person surveyed read?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?

E. How many people chose 1984?
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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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IMO E.

The statement of Columnist says '1984' stood second. Now there is a possibility that out of 1000, only 5 chose '1984', in which case its influence is not that high. Moreover, lets consider that the book '1984' stood second with 999 readers but there is a third book ''XYZ' which stood third with 998 readers, even this assumption calls influence of 1984 into question. Hence, it is necessary to know how many chose '1984' in order to accept it as 'Much Influential'.
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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2015, 11:40
IMO C. say 999 people said bible and 1 person said '1984'; Then the conclusion breaks.

Lets say 501 people like bible and 499 like '1984'; Conclusion gains.

B, C, and D are clearly out of scope. A is tough call.


souvik101990 wrote:
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second.

The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?

A. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?

B. How many books had each person surveyed read?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?

E. How many people chose 1984?

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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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jugglerG2 wrote:
IMO E.

The statement of Columnist says '1984' stood second. Now there is a possibility that out of 1000, only 5 chose '1984', in which case its influence is not that high. Moreover, lets consider that the book '1984' stood second with 999 readers but there is a third book ''XYZ' which stood third with 998 readers, even this assumption calls influence of 1984 into question. Hence, it is necessary to know how many chose '1984' in order to accept it as 'Much Influential'.


How come the book '1984' stood second with 999 readers, in that case only 1 chose bible and "1984" become the first.

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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2016, 02:38
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second.

Author claims that - George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. THis is based on a survey of 1000 members.

2nd best popular => so influenced a great no. of the people's reader.

The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?

A. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?

B. How many books had each person surveyed read?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?
Although this option questions the validity of sample size, Just knowing how many people read the columnist wont help to evaluate further. if it is 2000, 20000, or 200000, we still dont know what sample size is appropriate that represent the entire population. So C inccorect.

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?
How many books won't help. even if it is 50 books and 48 people chose 48 books and 476 chosen Bible and 474 1984, conclusion stands corrected. or 202 books and 200 people chose from 200 books (other than bible) and rest almost equally bible and 1984, conclusion stands corrected.


E. How many people chose 1984?

Lets say only 10 people chose 1984,and all other people chose other books (bible or any other book) can we say "George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. " No, because 10 is not a great number.

But a different reasoning could be this

what no. is good enough for "George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. " I mean 400, 200, 300 ????

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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2016, 01:32
jugglerG2 wrote:
IMO E.

The statement of Columnist says '1984' stood second. Now there is a possibility that out of 1000, only 5 chose '1984', in which case its influence is not that high. Moreover, lets consider that the book '1984' stood second with 999 readers but there is a third book ''XYZ' which stood third with 998 readers, even this assumption calls influence of 1984 into question. Hence, it is necessary to know how many chose '1984' in order to accept it as 'Much Influential'.



Why is B not the answer?
suppose a person has read only 2 books- bible and 1984- 1984 is his second best-doesnt make sense-why?- they have not read the best books
with a person reading 100 books-1984 is 2nd best--makes sense

Please guide

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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:
Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great number of this newspaper’s readers. One thousand readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on their lives. The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second.

The answer to which one of the following questions would most help in evaluating the columnist’s argument?

A. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?

B. How many books had each person surveyed read?

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?

E. How many people chose 1984?


Premises:
1000 readers were surveyed and asked to name the one book that had the most influence on their lives.
The book chosen most often was the Bible; 1984 was second.

Conclusion: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised much influence on a great numberof this newspaper’s readers.

A. How many of those surveyed had actually read the books they chose?
The readers claim that the book influenced their lives. Whether the book cover was profound or the preface took their breath away or they actually read the book, we don't know. They claim that the book influenced their lives and that's that. Whether they actually read the book is irrelevant.

B. How many books had each person surveyed read?
Again, doesn't matter. Even if they read just one book, if it influenced their lives, it did have the most influence on their lives. Just because one person read 1000 books, his claim is not more justifiable than the person who read only 10 books.

C. How many people read the columnist’s newspaper?
Doesn't matter. The columnist is talking about the readers of the newspaper. That is the super set. How many are there in the super set is immaterial. We need to find what percentage of this super set claims that this book most influenced their lives.

D. How many books by George Orwell other than 1984 were chosen?
Doesn't matter. We only care about 1984. All other George Orwell books are out of scope.

E. How many people chose 1984?
If out of 1000, 990 chose the Bible and 10 chose 1984, we CANNOT say that 1984 influenced a great number of readers.
If out of 1000, 501 chose the Bible and 499 chose 1984, we CAN say that 1984 influenced a great number of readers.
So the answer to this question is important in evaluating the columnist's argument.

Answer (E)
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Re: *700* Columnist: George Orwell’s book 1984 has exercised   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2016, 04:52

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