Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 30 May 2017, 03:55

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 18 Jun 2004
Posts: 103
Location: san jose , CA
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 88 [5] , given: 0

### Show Tags

01 Sep 2004, 00:51
5
KUDOS
71
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

Last edited by Skywalker18 on 28 Feb 2017, 22:01, edited 1 time in total.
Corrected the underlined portion
VP
Joined: 06 Feb 2007
Posts: 1022
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 187 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Feb 2007, 17:24
OK.

This is a classic example of Past Perfect tense. Municipalities were allowed to dump phosphates into the Great Lakes prior to the agreement that occured in the past, (1972). Therefore, we use past tense (agreement reduced) in the first half of the sentence, and past perfect (had been allowed) in the second half.

Hence, there is nothing wrong with the original sentence.
Senior Manager
Joined: 18 Feb 2007
Posts: 253
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Feb 2007, 17:46
nervousgmat wrote:
OK.

This is a classic example of Past Perfect tense. Municipalities were allowed to dump phosphates into the Great Lakes prior to the agreement that occured in the past, (1972). Therefore, we use past tense (agreement reduced) in the first half of the sentence, and past perfect (had been allowed) in the second half.

Hence, there is nothing wrong with the original sentence.

the second verb would be past perfect if the action werent true or didnt continue into the present.
However it does continue into the present , so D is the answer
Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Apr 2006
Posts: 499
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Feb 2007, 18:34
D....the municipalities are still doing the dumping so the agreement regulates what they ARE allowed to dump...
VP
Joined: 06 Feb 2007
Posts: 1022
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 187 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Feb 2007, 20:05
nervousgmat wrote:
OK.

This is a classic example of Past Perfect tense. Municipalities were allowed to dump phosphates into the Great Lakes prior to the agreement that occured in the past, (1972). Therefore, we use past tense (agreement reduced) in the first half of the sentence, and past perfect (had been allowed) in the second half.

Hence, there is nothing wrong with the original sentence.

the second verb would be past perfect if the action werent true or didnt continue into the present.
However it does continue into the present , so D is the answer

Cookiemonster, you are right. The action does continue into the present, and the answer should be D. Nitinneha, where did you get the answer from? It looks like D, not A should be a correct answer.
Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 324
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Mar 2007, 22:35
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... 090cf05a77

The OA is A.

Even i feel that it should be D.
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Sep 2006
Posts: 254
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 65 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Mar 2007, 07:34
sidbidus wrote:
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?p=112952&highlight=&sid=28cd307a8b7eb1f075aa2b090cf05a77

The OA is A.

Even i feel that it should be D.

No, the correct answer is D.

Well, there is nothing in the sentence that indicates the agreement is still valid today.

The sentence is about the agreement in 1972, which is already the past.
Senior Manager
Joined: 18 Feb 2007
Posts: 253
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Mar 2007, 07:42
faifai0714 wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?p=112952&highlight=&sid=28cd307a8b7eb1f075aa2b090cf05a77

The OA is A.

Even i feel that it should be D.

No, the correct answer is D.

Well, there is nothing in the sentence that indicates the agreement is still valid today.

The sentence is about the agreement in 1972, which is already the past.

fine then, past perfert verbs happen before some event in the past.
Past perfect verbs do not continue past (or remain true) after the date of the simple past action.

The purpose of the agreement in the stimulus is to change some policy.
If the municipalities did not dump any phosphates into the lake after the date of the agreement, what would be the purpose of the agreement??
Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Apr 2006
Posts: 499
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Mar 2007, 09:08
hmmm I always thought this one was D as well - I will look in the OG tonight - I believe the reasoning cookiemonster stated is correct but maybe we are both wrong.
VP
Joined: 06 Feb 2007
Posts: 1022
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 187 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Mar 2007, 16:43
I looked in the OG 11th Edition, and the asnwer is D
Intern
Joined: 23 Apr 2007
Posts: 8
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 May 2007, 14:54
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.
(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2004
Posts: 469
Location: united states
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 116 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 May 2007, 21:24
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.
(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

I understand that B and C are wrong for using "phosphate amount". E is wrong for using "allowed for dumping".

_________________

for every person who doesn't try because he is
afraid of loosing , there is another person who
keeps making mistakes and succeeds..

Manager
Joined: 04 Oct 2006
Posts: 77
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 May 2007, 03:31
I think that the answer D is the best.

I understand A as if municipalities were no more able to dump the phosphates into the Great Lakes before the agreement.
Manager
Joined: 28 Aug 2006
Posts: 160
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 May 2007, 19:22
Another D.

Past Perfect "had been" should not be used here.
Intern
Joined: 22 Nov 2006
Posts: 12
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 May 2007, 22:12
D is the right ans. past perfect had been should not be used and other choices have obvious flaws.
Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Sep 2006
Posts: 275
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 May 2007, 22:38
D it is
agreement happened in past so reduced is correct usage
it restricts now so 'are allowed to' is correct

fyi, OG 11, Q62
_________________

AimHigher

Intern
Joined: 23 Apr 2007
Posts: 8
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 May 2007, 21:07
OA is A
Manager
Joined: 09 Nov 2006
Posts: 128
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 May 2007, 02:35
This example convinced me not to trust "alternative" sources like 1000 SC where A is correct answer, while OG clearly states that OA is D.

Last edited by AdrianG on 16 May 2007, 02:51, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Joined: 24 Jan 2006
Posts: 229
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
WE: General Management (Manufacturing)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 15

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 May 2007, 09:37
OG states the explanation as.... "since the law was passed in the past & dumping continues in the present"............

if we take this into consideration..........then definitly D.........
though my ans was A

BUT..... how can we assume anything (that muncipalities r still dumping) on the GMAT?
it is quite possible that after the law was passed, muncipalities never ever dumped anything into lakes................

how r v supposed to guess????? can anyone pls enlighten??
_________________

Eat like a Pig, Lift like a Demon & Sleep like Dead.............

Manager
Joined: 14 May 2007
Posts: 181
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 May 2007, 09:47

can some one explain why D ?? why should we take "are allowed to"
Intern
Joined: 07 Mar 2007
Posts: 4
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jun 2007, 20:11
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

A. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
B. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been dumping
C. reduces the amount of phosphates that municipalities have been allowed to dump
D. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
E. reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

Last edited by ahneil on 19 Jun 2007, 13:30, edited 2 times in total.
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce   [#permalink] 18 Jun 2007, 20:11

Go to page   Previous    1  ...  4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11  ...  22    Next  [ 428 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
The border between the United States and Canada 3 10 May 2017, 02:58
2 Arms talks from Geneva between China, the United States 2 20 Jan 2015, 11:07
6 In 1994 agreements existed between Canada and several 13 23 Sep 2014, 07:28
2 There is a widespread belief in the United States and ... 11 18 Feb 2015, 09:05
SC- Companies in the United State 9 11 Jun 2012, 03:35
Display posts from previous: Sort by