Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 28 May 2017, 08:52

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 18 Jun 2004
Posts: 103
Location: san jose , CA
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 88 [5] , given: 0

### Show Tags

01 Sep 2004, 00:51
5
KUDOS
71
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

Last edited by Skywalker18 on 28 Feb 2017, 22:01, edited 1 time in total.
Corrected the underlined portion
Intern
Joined: 07 Mar 2007
Posts: 4
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jun 2007, 11:19
The answer from OG 11 is D and the explanation is:

The past tense reduced is used to describe a past action, and the present tense are allowed is used to describe the present situation since the dumping continues into the present.

However, the answer from SC 1000 is A. I also think why not A. Can anyone explain why we don't use past perfect tense here?
VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1349
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 679 [0], given: 10

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Jun 2007, 11:20
ahneil wrote:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

A. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
B. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been dumping
C. reduces the amount of phosphates that municipalities have been allowed to dump
D. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
E. reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

A

This SC is testing for past perfect tense.
Anaction that happened in the past (say X) and something which happened before X (say Y)

here :reduced - X
had been allowed to dump - Y

CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2742
Location: New York City
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 942 [0], given: 4

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jun 2007, 19:09
ahneil wrote:
The answer from OG 11 is D and the explanation is:

The past tense reduced is used to describe a past action, and the present tense are allowed is used to describe the present situation since the dumping continues into the present.

However, the answer from SC 1000 is A. I also think why not A. Can anyone explain why we don't use past perfect tense here?

Past perfect tense shows an action that continued from a point in the past and ends at a later point in the past. There is no indication that the dumping ended. It was just reduced. Therefore, the OG explanation is correct. (How can u trust the SC1000 answer over the OG one!?!)
Intern
Joined: 09 Apr 2007
Posts: 12
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jun 2007, 19:28
The ansewer id D, 'are' indicates that its an ongoing activity!!!
Manager
Joined: 17 May 2007
Posts: 172
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Jul 2007, 04:05
It can't be A because the activity is still going on...

A indicates that an acitivity happened for a some period of time in the past.

Manager
Joined: 11 Mar 2007
Posts: 149
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2007, 14:20
2. A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.
(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities
Manager
Joined: 08 Oct 2006
Posts: 213
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2007, 14:29
D.
treaty took place in past and the the results of the treaty still hold so D seems to be alright.
Manager
Joined: 08 Oct 2006
Posts: 213
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2007, 14:39
actually it all happened in the past. so 'A' is correct as the treaty reduced----the X------- had been allowed(past perfect) to dump.
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2006
Posts: 271
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2007, 19:41
Shouldn't the answer be D. The agreement was in the past, but the action still continues.....
Manager
Joined: 23 May 2007
Posts: 107
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2007, 19:44
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 May 2004
Posts: 311
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Sep 2007, 00:54
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump

reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping

reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump

reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump

reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

I disagree with the OA...It says A. I think it should be D as D makes sense and is the right tense
That doesn't make any sense. They signed the agreement in 1972. The agreement took effect that day. If you choose A, basically you are saying the agreement was effectively enacted before it was signed..am I correct that the wrong tense is used in A?
Manager
Joined: 16 Feb 2007
Posts: 71
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Sep 2007, 14:43
yes you are mistaken since the agreement reduced the amount they were allowed to dump BEFORE the agreement and did not reduce the amount they are NOW allowed to dump
Intern
Joined: 08 Aug 2007
Posts: 2
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Sep 2007, 21:37
Yes it is A.
But I have seen other forums where D is marked as OA
Intern
Joined: 30 Aug 2007
Posts: 34
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Sep 2007, 07:54
I choose A

I can see why it might be D.

"are allowed to dump" is the present progressive" which can be an action arranged for the future
VP
Joined: 14 Feb 2005
Posts: 1000
Location: New York
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Oct 2007, 15:38
Quote:
reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump

Amount of Phosphates is Singular or Plural??
Director
Joined: 13 Dec 2006
Posts: 512
Location: Indonesia
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 223 [2] , given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Nov 2007, 18:28
2
KUDOS
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

Amar
CEO
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2562
Followers: 21

Kudos [?]: 453 [2] , given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Nov 2007, 19:49
2
KUDOS
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

Amar

I think its A.
Director
Joined: 26 Mar 2006
Posts: 635
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 34 [2] , given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Nov 2007, 20:39
2
KUDOS
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

Amar

Will take a chance and go for 'D'
Director
Joined: 09 Aug 2006
Posts: 521
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 96 [2] , given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Nov 2007, 20:50
2
KUDOS
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

Amar

Yes, the answer is A. After a long thought I could understand this.. Initially I went for D but then a little more thought and some reading of tenses again led me to A..
The agreement happened in the past hence 'reduced' should be there..
Now the agreement reduced something that was there earlier.. i.e the amount of phospates dumped in lake.. Hence this was allowed earlier only (Earlier event ) .. The agreement reduced this limit .. (later event)

Hence A..
Director
Joined: 13 Dec 2006
Posts: 512
Location: Indonesia
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 223 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Nov 2007, 17:24
Beyond700 wrote:
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

OA is D, can you explain why it is

Amar

Amar

Will take a chance and go for 'D'
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce   [#permalink] 29 Nov 2007, 17:24

Go to page   Previous    1  ...  5   6   7   8   9   10   11  ...  22    Next  [ 428 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States 0 19 Mar 2013, 00:05
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States 0 30 Dec 2012, 10:04
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States 0 03 Jun 2012, 03:30
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States 0 30 Dec 2012, 10:03
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States 0 30 Dec 2012, 10:05
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.