GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 20 Jul 2018, 15:33

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce

Author Message
Manager
Joined: 12 Feb 2008
Posts: 176
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Mar 2008, 13:42
1
D it is.

a sounds a lot more wordy if you think about it.
VP
Joined: 22 Oct 2006
Posts: 1425
Schools: Chicago Booth '11
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Mar 2008, 07:04
A

D changes meaning, when the answer states " are allowed to dump " that refers to to present tense, but we know the dumping happened BEFORE 1972 so we need past perfect to convey action that happened before a prev action
Intern
Joined: 19 Mar 2007
Posts: 16
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2008, 00:38
This question is from OG and the answer there is D.
Manager
Joined: 11 Apr 2008
Posts: 147
Schools: Kellogg(A), Wharton(W), Columbia(D)
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 May 2008, 01:17
hedggie wrote:
This question is from OG and the answer there is D.

I can't find it on the OG. Is it OG 10 or OG 11. Can someone help. I think its A.
Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Apr 2008
Posts: 307
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 May 2008, 11:21
I found this from gmatter , I think answer is A
Attachments

SC.JPG [ 67.33 KiB | Viewed 1355 times ]

Director
Joined: 14 Oct 2007
Posts: 737
Location: Oxford
Schools: Oxford'10
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 May 2008, 13:06
Hi rpmodi,

gmatter contrains several errors. This particular question has been discussed several times and the answer is infact D.
Manager
Joined: 11 Apr 2008
Posts: 147
Schools: Kellogg(A), Wharton(W), Columbia(D)
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 May 2008, 21:41
1
Hi rpmodi,

gmatter contrains several errors. This particular question has been discussed several times and the answer is infact D.

Hi,

Do you have any links relating to this....?
I think it could even be context dependent. Consider this sentence as a part of a paragraph

Case 1:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes. Later, in 1982, another agreement between Canada and the United States further reduced this amount by another 35 percent.

Case 2:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are to dump into the Great Lakes. Today, the phosphate pollution level in the Great Lakes is very low.

NOTE: In case 2 - had been - would still work.
Manager
Joined: 27 May 2008
Posts: 137
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 May 2008, 09:29
seems like here's a big argument on this question.

surely D cant be the answer, as it shows the agreement is followed in the present too, thus alters the meaning of the sentence.

A, though not written in the best way, seems to be the right answer.
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 262
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 May 2008, 10:08
1
IMO D is the clear winner
_________________

The world is continuous, but the mind is discrete

SVP
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1732
Location: New York
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jun 2008, 23:43
Tough fight going on between A&D

Here is my analysis. Please correct me if I am wrong.

(A)1972 Agreement .. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
reduced -- pastense had been allowed [ past perfect]

Let me split the above setence
[Govt] had allowed municipalities to dump amount of phospates [ this happended first]
then "1972 agreement reduced the amount of phosphates".
Does it make sense? When agreement reduced the amount of phosphates, [Govt] not alloing municpalites to dump(becuase that is already over] -- so A is wrong..

If it was "were allowed" instead of " had been allowed" then sentence would be correct.
1972 Agreement .. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities were allowed to dump

AM I thinking tooo much... Its midnight 2:30 am... I doubt it..

I will go for D.

(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
_________________

Smiling wins more friends than frowning

Manager
Joined: 01 May 2008
Posts: 107
Location: São Paulo
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jun 2008, 15:16
IMO it's D, for the reason posted by x2suresh
Intern
Joined: 13 Jan 2008
Posts: 5
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Jun 2008, 02:31
my 2 cents:

i agree with the above comment. the amount of dumping allowed has reduced as a result of the legislation,which def means it was reduced only from a level which had existed before the legislation. so choosing D alters the intent .
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 262
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Jun 2008, 03:18
D is the correct answer here because A uses "had been" to mean as if the municipalities were allowed to dump in the past but not now.
_________________

The world is continuous, but the mind is discrete

Manager
Joined: 01 May 2008
Posts: 107
Location: São Paulo
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Jun 2008, 16:33
Clearly D here. Googi explanation seems perfect
Manager
Joined: 08 Jun 2008
Posts: 70
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Jun 2008, 16:46
miquel is correct. I remember seeing it on the OG and just found from OG that D is the correct answer.
CEO
Joined: 17 May 2007
Posts: 2895
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Jun 2008, 17:19
I just double checked the OG Q62 - the OA is definitely D.
Manager
Joined: 08 Jun 2008
Posts: 70
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Jun 2008, 20:17
Here is the OE from OG:

Verb form + Idiom

An agreement that occured in 1972 is correctly described with the past tense verb "reduced". Since the dumping continues into the present, the past perfect verb "had been allowed" should instead be the present "are allowed".
Intern
Joined: 08 Apr 2008
Posts: 44
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jun 2008, 17:02
Hi rpmodi,

gmatter contrains several errors. This particular question has been discussed several times and the answer is infact D.

I have been working with the Gmatter App pretty extensively, is there a list somewhere of the errors you mentioned?

Or updates to the app? Thanks!
Manager
Joined: 22 Jun 2008
Posts: 104
Schools: Darden School of Business (Class of 2012)
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jul 2008, 09:44
2. A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.
(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

Pls. if anyone can clarify the difference between options A and B.
Tks!
Manager
Joined: 14 Jun 2008
Posts: 162
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jul 2008, 09:56
i think the answer is C This is a action which started in the past, and is still continuing, hence past participle.

therefore ...reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump....
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce &nbs [#permalink] 07 Jul 2008, 09:56

Go to page   Previous    1  ...  6   7   8   9   10   11   12  ...  22    Next  [ 427 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Events & Promotions

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.