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# A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce

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Manager
Joined: 18 Jun 2004
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Updated on: 30 Aug 2017, 18:37
11
94
Edit: The discussion is locked. Go HERE for further discussion.

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

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Originally posted by rahul on 01 Sep 2004, 00:51.
Last edited by broall on 30 Aug 2017, 18:37, edited 3 times in total.
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Senior Manager
Joined: 11 Dec 2008
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GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V44
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2009, 14:34
I heard that SC1000 questions are illegal since they are in violation of the GMAC terms and use copyrighted material.
Intern
Joined: 04 Jul 2009
Posts: 29
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2009, 12:35
sudeep wrote:
bipolarbear wrote:
I heard that SC1000 questions are illegal since they are in violation of the GMAC terms and use copyrighted material.

Yep!

This is the reason that you will find only CR1000 and SC1000 on this or even infact any GMAT prep site, but not SC1000.
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2009, 10:15
2. A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2009, 10:54
noboru wrote:
2. A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

I pick A.

B, C are wrong for using 'phosphate amount'. it says municipalities are dumping 'phosphate amount' not 'phosphate'.
E wrong for awkward construction ..'for dumping'

it is between A and D. A is better than D here in telling Municipalities were dumping the Ph before the agreement

IMO A.
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2009, 11:26
apoorvasrivastva wrote:
+1 for D

I was also with D, but i was wrong.
It sounds good to me.
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Manager
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2009, 11:36
imo D...are si rightly used here...as muncipalities are still allowed to dump..
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2009, 18:32
read that it's because the 1972 act reduced something that was allowed in the past....so A...had been allowed...
Senior Manager
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2009, 19:49
The agreement in 1972 reduced the level of dumping that was previously allowable. Hence I go with A.
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2009, 03:12
Erukumk wrote:
+1 for D wats the OA

it is A, but i am with D too (At least until somebody clarify this...)
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2009, 07:34
Is the OA geniune:)
Because I cant understand how A can be the answer, there is absolutely no need of "had been allowed to dump"..as there is only one action in the past.
Senior Manager
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2009, 02:19
2
noboru wrote:
Erukumk wrote:
+1 for D wats the OA

It is A, but i am with D too (At least until somebody clarify this...)

Probably, you must have referred it from 1000sc, only in 1000sc it is A, but the same problem is in OG 11 th edition. where OA is D, 1000sc has many questions with wrong OA.

Economist wrote:
Is the OA geniune:)
Because I cant understand how A can be the answer, there is absolutely no need of "had been allowed to dump"..as there is only one action in the past.

OA is D

IT IS A PROBLEM FORM OG 11 , PROBLEM NO.62 REFER IT.
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2009, 02:58
crejoc wrote:
noboru wrote:
Erukumk wrote:
+1 for D wats the OA

It is A, but i am with D too (At least until somebody clarify this...)

Probably, you must have referred it from 1000sc, only in 1000sc it is A, but the same problem is in OG 11 th edition. where OA is D, 1000sc has many questions with wrong OA.

Economist wrote:
Is the OA geniune:)
Because I cant understand how A can be the answer, there is absolutely no need of "had been allowed to dump"..as there is only one action in the past.

OA is D

IT IS A PROBLEM FORM OG 11 , PROBLEM NO.62 REFER IT.

1000sc has many questions wrong??? that is very disappointing!!!
i was using it to improve my verbal skills...
Does anybody recommend other source to improve sentence correction skills?? (i have already done OG, and would like to going further).
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Senior Manager
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2009, 06:55
noboru wrote:
1000sc has many questions wrong??? that is very disappointing!!!
i was using it to improve my verbal skills...
Does anybody recommend other source to improve sentence correction skills?? (i have already done OG, and would like to going further).

Hi noboru, the questions are not wrong, they are worth practising, only the OA cant be reliable, so what you do, you search in gmatclub the particular question (almost all the 1000sc questions are already discussed here) to decide about the Correct Answer, by this way you will get to know the correct answer, as well as a lot of discussion why other answers are wrong, the last point is very important in SC preparation
Here is a link for some of 1000sc which has wrong OA, and the correct answers to them..
http://www.urch.com/forums/gmat/27211-i ... c-doc.html
Director
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2009, 07:59
crejoc wrote:

hey thanks crejoc for the above link.
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2009, 09:04
1
ugimba wrote:
crejoc wrote:

hey thanks crejoc for the above link.

Intern
Joined: 21 Jul 2009
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2009, 00:46
This one seems really screwed up. I just took my first GMAT Prep and scored a V45 with 100% accuracy in SC and can't figure out why A is not a perfectly good answer.

Logically, the 1972 agreement reduces the amount of phosphate dumping that was allowed prior to the agreement, hence the HAD BEEN ALLOWED. Prior to the agreement, munis were allowed to dump X (had been allowed to dump X) and after the agreement, they've since been allowed to dump Y.

The 1972 agreement didn't reduce the amount of phosphate dumping currently allowed (as OA choice A implies)... it reduced the amount of phosphate dumping allowed before the agreement. I can't see how "are allowed" can be rationalized.
Manager
Joined: 12 Aug 2009
Posts: 88
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2009, 14:59
1
Hi - I agree this question is nasty..

This link has some explanations. Try..

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/og-sc-62-t580.html
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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Updated on: 01 Nov 2009, 15:47
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

OA
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Originally posted by BM on 01 Nov 2009, 15:30.
Last edited by BM on 01 Nov 2009, 15:47, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2009, 15:45
1
bmillan01 wrote:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

OA

Tough between A and D, however:

"Amount of phosphates" is correct not "the phosphate amount".
"are allowed" not "had been allowed" is correct.

On that basis, D should be it.
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2009, 15:52
This one just kicked my ass. The whole reduces/reduced and are/had been allowed issue confused me. I'm still having trouble wrapping my head around it.

Thanks for the help!
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Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce   [#permalink] 01 Nov 2009, 15:52

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