Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack
GMAT Club

 It is currently 23 Mar 2017, 03:34

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 18 Jun 2004
Posts: 103
Location: san jose , CA
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 81 [3] , given: 0

### Show Tags

01 Sep 2004, 00:51
3
KUDOS
67
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

Last edited by Skywalker18 on 28 Feb 2017, 22:01, edited 1 time in total.
Corrected the underlined portion
Senior Manager
Joined: 09 Aug 2005
Posts: 285
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Feb 2006, 17:55
vivek123 wrote:
Professor wrote:
vivek123 wrote:
I think it is "A".

IMO, "had" is needed here since it points to "amount that was allowed to dump before 1972".

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump

how about if Municipalities are still allowed to dump the phosphats that are reduced with the effect of 1972 agreemement between US and canada.

What I want to say is this:
municipalities are allowed to dump phosphates but the amount that had been allowed to dump is reduced.

Brajesh,
This is my portrait now

Vivek,

how can anyone reduce the amount of something that someone else dumped in the lakes in the past?

One can only reduce the amount people are allowed to dump henceforth.

reducing limit of phosphate one was allowed to dump - does nothing

reducing limit of phosphate one is allowed to dump henceforth makes sense

hence D
Director
Joined: 17 Oct 2005
Posts: 932
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 207 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Feb 2006, 18:24
the oa is A.

I chose D at first. But here are my two cents

1972 refers to the past. Therefore you can rid B,E.

Lets say hypothetically
the amount NOW allowed is 1 gallon
the agreement was changed to 5 gallons
before 1972, the amount is 10 gallons

Nothing wrong with A, the amount that had been alllowd is 10 gallons
The aggrement reduced that 10 gallons to 5 gallons
We are still talking about the past, I am reading the sentence now, the sentence refers to the past (1972) and that agreement in the past changed something that happend even earlier. Therefore past perfect is correct.

D is wrong because it changes the meaning of the sentence.
It can be interpreted as the 1972 agreement reduced the amount that municipalities are NOW allowed to dump( ie 1 gallon)

I don't no how to explain B. If someone can that would be great
VP
Joined: 29 Dec 2005
Posts: 1348
Followers: 10

Kudos [?]: 61 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Feb 2006, 18:39
joemama142000 wrote:
the oa is A.

in the above posts it was discussed that this question is from OG, 11th ed (62) and the answer and clearification given were for D. I think we do not go beyond OG's answers and explanations at least for GMAT questions.

Last edited by Professor on 18 Feb 2006, 20:08, edited 3 times in total.
Senior Manager
Joined: 22 Nov 2005
Posts: 476
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Feb 2006, 18:43
joemama142000 wrote:
the oa is A.

I don't no how to explain B. If someone can that would be great

I think B changes the meaning

reduced the phosphate amount that municipali-
ties
It sounds like municipalities had been dumping amount not the phosphate.

Can someone refute me.
SVP
Joined: 14 Dec 2004
Posts: 1702
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 142 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Feb 2006, 19:56
I'm finding it a bit difficult to convince myself on "D". I'll work out.
Anyway, very good discussion Thank you all...

Edited: Got it.

Last edited by vivek123 on 18 Feb 2006, 21:52, edited 1 time in total.
Director
Joined: 17 Oct 2005
Posts: 932
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 207 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Feb 2006, 20:57
terrible question, The real OA is D, which i just check from OG. Thanks guys.
Manager
Joined: 14 Dec 2005
Posts: 74
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Feb 2006, 10:30
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United
States reduced the amount of phosphates that
municipalities had been allowed to dump into the
Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that munici-
palities had been allowed to dump
right
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipali-
had been dumping? ....I don't think so
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities
have been allowed to dump

(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that munici-
palities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for
dumping by municipalities
Senior Manager
Joined: 11 Jan 2006
Posts: 269
Location: Chennai,India
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Feb 2006, 13:11
I remember from OG the answer is D ! but only after prof's n old dream's explanation i understood. thnks guys
_________________

vazlkaiye porkalam vazltuthan parkanum.... porkalam maralam porkalthan maruma

Intern
Joined: 07 Dec 2005
Posts: 7
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Mar 2006, 20:59
but the OA from OG 11th is D (Q 62nd).
"are allowed" is used to describe the present situation....
Director
Joined: 27 Feb 2006
Posts: 632
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 48 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Mar 2006, 08:46
miquel wrote:
but the OA from OG 11th is D (Q 62nd).
"are allowed" is used to describe the present situation....

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Aug 2005
Posts: 391
Location: Boston, MA
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 96 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Mar 2006, 09:28
I chose D as well, OG 11 OA is D. The phosphate dumping is a present situation, so the amount munis are allowed to dump was reduced.
Manager
Joined: 31 Mar 2006
Posts: 68
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Apr 2006, 02:13
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities
Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 5237
Followers: 26

Kudos [?]: 393 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Apr 2006, 02:18
(D) the agreement holds to this day.
Manager
Joined: 31 Mar 2006
Posts: 68
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Apr 2006, 02:28
GMATT73 wrote:
(D) the agreement holds to this day.

How do we know that the agreement holds till now?

Would you explain, plz?
Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 5237
Followers: 26

Kudos [?]: 393 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Apr 2006, 02:33

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States......

<rather than>

In 1972, an agreement between Canada and the United States......

Hope that clears things up
Manager
Joined: 31 Mar 2006
Posts: 68
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Apr 2006, 02:42
GMATT73 wrote:

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States......

<rather than>

In 1972, an agreement between Canada and the United States......

Hope that clears things up

it's clear now. Thanks.
Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 5237
Followers: 26

Kudos [?]: 393 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Apr 2006, 03:07
antiant wrote:
GMATT73 wrote:

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States......

<rather than>

In 1972, an agreement between Canada and the United States......

Hope that clears things up

it's clear now. Thanks.

Antiant, can you please clarify the math sequence problem for me in the other forum?
Manager
Joined: 31 Mar 2006
Posts: 68
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Apr 2006, 06:50
GMATT73 wrote:
antiant wrote:
GMATT73 wrote:

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States......

<rather than>

In 1972, an agreement between Canada and the United States......

Hope that clears things up

it's clear now. Thanks.

Antiant, can you please clarify the math sequence problem for me in the other forum?

sorry I don't know which problem you are talking about. would you send me an URL of it?
VP
Joined: 06 Jun 2004
Posts: 1059
Location: CA
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 152 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Apr 2006, 21:14
Agree with Matt, D it is
_________________

Don't be afraid to take a flying leap of faith.. If you risk nothing, than you gain nothing...

Director
Joined: 04 Jan 2006
Posts: 923
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 0

Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jun 2006, 17:19
so the answer in sc _1000 doc file is wrong?

Can some one please explain this discrepancy.. the answer in sc_1000 says A, I went with D..
and the OG from the sound of it says D..

are there any more discrepancies?
Re: A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce   [#permalink] 02 Jun 2006, 17:19

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11  ...  22    Next  [ 422 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States 0 13 Oct 2008, 11:09
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States 0 10 Jul 2008, 07:17
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States 0 25 Oct 2007, 15:38
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States 0 01 Jul 2007, 04:05
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States 0 11 Jun 2008, 20:17
Display posts from previous: Sort by