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A 1991 calculation was made to determine what, if any,

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Re: A 1991 calculation was made to determine what, if any,  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2017, 04:55
joshnsit wrote:
A 1991 calculation was made to determine what, if any, additional health-care costs beyond the ordinary are borne by society at large for people who live a sedentary life. The figure reached was a lifetime average of $1,650. Thus people's voluntary choice not to exercise places a significant burden on society.
Which one of the following, if true and not taken into account by the calculation, most seriously weakens the argument?
(A) Many people whose employment requires physical exertion do not choose to engage in regular physical exercise when they are not at work.
(B) Exercise is a topic that is often omitted from discussion between doctor and patient during a patient's visit.
(C) Physical conditions that eventually require medical or nursing-home care often first predispose a person to adopt a sedentary lifestyle.
(D) Individuals vary widely in the amount and kind of exercise they choose, when they do exercise regularly.
(E) A regular program of moderate exercise tends to increase circulation, induce a feeling of well-being and energy, and decrease excess weight.

Please post your choice explanations for each of the options. OA Later.



The correct answer is A.
Lets break the argument.

Premise: As per the calculation done in 1991, the heath care cost reached the average of $1650.
Premise: The health care cost are borne by the society who prefer the sendentary life.
Conclusion: People choice not to Exercise places burden on the society.
We a need statement that breaks this conclusion:

(A) Many people whose employment requires physical exertion do not choose to engage in regular physical exercise when they are not at work.-Correct. Since people are already doing physical exercise during their employment and that is why it is not by choice that they do not exercise
(B) Exercise is a topic that is often omitted from discussion between doctor and patient during a patient's visit.- Out of Scope
(C) Physical conditions that eventually require medical or nursing-home care often first predispose a person to adopt a sedentary lifestyle.WE do not know people's mentality and nothing has been mentioned
(D) Individuals vary widely in the amount and kind of exercise they choose, when they do exercise regularly.Out of scope
(E) A regular program of moderate exercise tends to increase circulation, induce a feeling of well-being and energy, and decrease excess weight.Out of Scope
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Re: A 1991 calculation was made to determine what, if any,  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2017, 05:09
If OA is c in this question, I believe there is a problem with it. The conclusion is about people who voluntarily choose not to exercise and as a result become unhealthy resulting in further health costs, whereas in C, it is talking about people who mandatorily become sedentary because of health problems. Option A looks better, as in this option people voluntarily not exercise, as they already have an active life style.
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Re: A 1991 calculation was made to determine what, if any,  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2017, 17:27
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: A 1991 calculation was made to determine what, if any, &nbs [#permalink] 10 Dec 2017, 17:27

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