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A 2003 USDA study revealed that cinnamon may help improve blood sugar

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A 2003 USDA study revealed that cinnamon may help improve blood sugar  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2019, 00:41
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A 2003 USDA study revealed that cinnamon may help improve blood sugar and cholesterol levels in people with Type 2 diabetes. The study’s subjects, who were given cinnamon supplements for 40 days, showed significant decreases in levels of glucose, triglycerides, and LDL or "bad" cholesterol. Nevertheless, similar studies conducted more recently have had inconclusive results.

The statements above, if true, provide the most support for which of the following conclusions?

(A) Cinnamon contains antioxidants, which are known to help prevent cardiovascular disease.
(B) Cinnamon may help kill bacteria, fungi, and viruses.
(C) Trials on the benefits of cinnamon have been too small in scope to provide meaningful results.
(D) It is unclear whether cinnamon actually benefits people with Type 2 diabetes.
(E) There are no known disadvantages to taking a cinnamon supplement.

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A 2003 USDA study revealed that cinnamon may help improve blood sugar  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2019, 03:39
Bunuel wrote:
A 2003 USDA study revealed that cinnamon may help improve blood sugar and cholesterol levels in people with Type 2 diabetes. The study’s subjects, who were given cinnamon supplements for 40 days, showed significant decreases in levels of glucose, triglycerides, and LDL or "bad" cholesterol. Nevertheless, similar studies conducted more recently have had inconclusive results.


The statements above, if true, provide the most support for which of the following conclusions?

(A) Cinnamon contains antioxidants, which are known to help prevent cardiovascular disease.

Heart disease : Out of scope

(B) Cinnamon may help kill bacteria, fungi, and viruses.

Bacteria, Fungi, Virus : Out of scope

(C) Trials on the benefits of cinnamon have been too small in scope to provide meaningful results.

We can't not say "trials samples were too small for providing meaningful results."

(D) It is unclear whether cinnamon actually benefits people with Type 2 diabetes.

This is correct. From the excerpt below, we can say benefits of cinnamon are unclear for type 2 diabetes.

Cinnamon may help improve blood sugar and cholesterol levels in people with Type 2 diabetes.
similar studies conducted more recently have had inconclusive results.


(E) There are no known disadvantages to taking a cinnamon supplement.

Close call: We can also infer this to some extent. But D seems more closer to the passage.
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A 2003 USDA study revealed that cinnamon may help improve blood sugar  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2019, 19:52
The last sentence contains (1) "similar studies" and (2) "inconclusive results".

(1) indicates that studies were similar to those described in the first premise (1st sentence).
(2) says that results are inconclusive, meaning that they contradict those which were discussed in the 1st sentence.

In inference questions, the goal is to find the answer that either repeats one of the premises or summarizes information from both premises. The answer choice must not contain any new information that was not presented in the stimulus.

Hence, by combining two premises we can say that the results of the tests are not rock solid. Answer choice D says the same thing.
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A 2003 USDA study revealed that cinnamon may help improve blood sugar   [#permalink] 19 May 2019, 19:52
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A 2003 USDA study revealed that cinnamon may help improve blood sugar

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