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A 2009 study from the California State Housing Authority concluded tha

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
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Re: A 2009 study from the California State Housing Authority concluded tha [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 10:54
shonikjk wrote:
Hi egmat mikemcgarry,

Can anyone help me understand why is "which" wrong in option C? As posted above, Veritas prep solution says " In (C) the incorrect “which” clause would mean that all townhouses and “attached” homes are small and old". I don't quite understand this.

Also, I spent a lot of time figuring out what does that and which refer to? Do they refer to both townhomes and "attached homes" or just the "attached homes"? Pleas ehelp understand the concept behind these.

Dear shonikjk,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

Here's the OA version, (D):
A 2009 study from the California State Housing Authority concluded that conversion from ownership to rental properties has often been difficult: It has been more common for some townhouses and other “attached” homes that are relatively small and old and located in central cities.

First of all, remember that the GMAT SC is NOT simply a test a grammar. The GMAT SC tests grammar, logic, and rhetoric all at once, and it punishes students who pay attention only to grammar.

An important point of logic--whenever a sentence is talking about "A and other B," explicitly calling A a kind of B, then the author has created a strong logical link between A and B. Unless there is another structure that that creates contrast between A & B elsewhere in the sentence, we have to assume that the other intends to treat them as a single unit. Here, it's unambiguous that the author intends to discuss "townhouses and other “attached” homes" as a single category.

Notice, also, the correct term in English is "townhouses." The term "townhomes" makes no sense to native ears. The term "house" connotes anything about the physical building, where as "home" has all the connotation of family, connection, and belonging.

In (C), it's not so much that the "which" itself is wrong. Instead, it's the choppy nature of the modifier. There are three qualities of these houses that are being enumerated: (1) small, (2) old, (3) located in central cities. It makes the most logical sense to put these three in parallel, as they are in the OA, (D). Choice (C) puts two in parallel inside the "which" clause and the third sticks out like a sore thumb. Very awkward.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

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Re: A 2009 study from the California State Housing Authority concluded tha [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2017, 18:20
C is out b/c of "which"
A is out b/c A is a run-on sentence.
Basically, B and D have the same meaning, but B has an ambiguous pronoun "that", the second one.
E is no better than A.

Kudos [?]: 170 [0], given: 2406

Re: A 2009 study from the California State Housing Authority concluded tha   [#permalink] 10 Dec 2017, 18:20

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