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Director  D
Joined: 19 Oct 2018
Posts: 964
Location: India
|a+b|/|a|+|b| + |b+c|/|b|+|c| +|c+a|/|c|+|a|=M  [#permalink]

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8 00:00

Difficulty:   95% (hard)

Question Stats: 38% (02:05) correct 62% (01:48) wrong based on 100 sessions

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$$\frac{|a+b|}{|a|+|b|} + \frac{|b+c|}{|b|+|c|} +\frac{|c+a|}{|c|+|a|}= M$$
What is the difference between maximum and minimum value of M?

A. 1
B. 1.5
C. 2
D. 2.5
E. 3
SVP  P
Joined: 03 Jun 2019
Posts: 1691
Location: India
|a+b|/|a|+|b| + |b+c|/|b|+|c| +|c+a|/|c|+|a|=M  [#permalink]

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1
1
1
nick1816 wrote:
$$\frac{|a+b|}{|a|+|b|} + \frac{|b+c|}{|b|+|c|} +\frac{|c+a|}{|c|+|a|}= M$$
What is the difference between maximum and minimum value of M?

A. 1
B. 1.5
C. 2
D. 2.5
E. 3

$$\frac{|a+b|}{|a|+|b|} + \frac{|b+c|}{|b|+|c|} +\frac{|c+a|}{|c|+|a|}= M$$
What is the difference between maximum and minimum value of M?

Minimum value of the expression is 1 when a=-b ; b=-c; a=-b=c

Maximum value of expression is when
a,b & c have same sign
The maximum value of the expression =3

Difference = 3-1=2

IMO C

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Originally posted by Kinshook on 29 Aug 2019, 18:41.
Last edited by Kinshook on 30 Aug 2019, 20:06, edited 1 time in total.
Director  D
Joined: 19 Oct 2018
Posts: 964
Location: India
Re: |a+b|/|a|+|b| + |b+c|/|b|+|c| +|c+a|/|c|+|a|=M  [#permalink]

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1
Highlighted part is not correct. It's true only when a=b=c=0 (this case is not possible in this question)
if a=-b and b= -c
then a must be equal to c

At a=-b=c, M has the minimum value that is 1.

Kinshook wrote:
nick1816 wrote:
$$\frac{|a+b|}{|a|+|b|} + \frac{|b+c|}{|b|+|c|} +\frac{|c+a|}{|c|+|a|}= M$$
What is the difference between maximum and minimum value of M?

A. 1
B. 1.5
C. 2
D. 2.5
E. 3

$$\frac{|a+b|}{|a|+|b|} + \frac{|b+c|}{|b|+|c|} +\frac{|c+a|}{|c|+|a|}= M$$
What is the difference between maximum and minimum value of M?

Minimum value of the expression is 0 when a=-b ; b=-c; c= -a

Maximum value of expression is when
a,b & c have same sign
The maximum value of the expression =3

Difference = 3

IMO E

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Intern  B
Joined: 27 Nov 2016
Posts: 1
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
Re: |a+b|/|a|+|b| + |b+c|/|b|+|c| +|c+a|/|c|+|a|=M  [#permalink]

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Hmmmmm, why can't the expresion value be equal to 0?
SVP  P
Joined: 03 Jun 2019
Posts: 1691
Location: India
Re: |a+b|/|a|+|b| + |b+c|/|b|+|c| +|c+a|/|c|+|a|=M  [#permalink]

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Corrected. Thanks

nick1816 wrote:
Highlighted part is not correct. It's true only when a=b=c=0 (this case is not possible in this question)
if a=-b and b= -c
then a must be equal to c

At a=-b=c, M has the minimum value that is 1.

Kinshook wrote:
nick1816 wrote:
$$\frac{|a+b|}{|a|+|b|} + \frac{|b+c|}{|b|+|c|} +\frac{|c+a|}{|c|+|a|}= M$$
What is the difference between maximum and minimum value of M?

A. 1
B. 1.5
C. 2
D. 2.5
E. 3

$$\frac{|a+b|}{|a|+|b|} + \frac{|b+c|}{|b|+|c|} +\frac{|c+a|}{|c|+|a|}= M$$
What is the difference between maximum and minimum value of M?

Minimum value of the expression is 0 when a=-b ; b=-c; c= -a

Maximum value of expression is when
a,b & c have same sign
The maximum value of the expression =3

Difference = 3

IMO E

Posted from my mobile device

_________________
"Success is not final; failure is not fatal: It is the courage to continue that counts."

Please provide kudos if you like my post. Kudos encourage active discussions.

My GMAT Resources: -

Efficient Learning
All you need to know about GMAT quant

Tele: +91-11-40396815
Mobile : +91-9910661622
E-mail : kinshook.chaturvedi@gmail.com
Intern  S
Joined: 11 Jun 2019
Posts: 31
Location: India
|a+b|/|a|+|b| + |b+c|/|b|+|c| +|c+a|/|c|+|a|=M  [#permalink]

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1
1
No restrictions are given for values of a, b or c. so to simplify this, lets assume the value to be |a| =|b|=|c| = 1

we can see that, |a| + |b| = |b| + |c| = |c| + |a| = 2.... Hence all bases are same. The max. and min value totally depends on numerators now.

Maximum value can be obtained when sign of all numbers is same (we get all additions inside modulus and hence largest value). when all a, b and c all are positive or negative we will get 6 in the numerator. So the largest possible value of M would be 6/2 = 3

Smallest possible value can be obtained when one of a, b and c is having different sign while other two have same sign. (By this way there would be 2 subtractions inside modulus and 1 addition) By considering any one of a, b or c to be negative, we get 2 in the numerator. So the smallest number than can be obtained is 2/2 = 1

So the difference between largest and the smallest value is 3 -1 = 2, Hence IMO (C)
Intern  B
Joined: 20 Jul 2015
Posts: 27
Re: |a+b|/|a|+|b| + |b+c|/|b|+|c| +|c+a|/|c|+|a|=M  [#permalink]

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Apo_orv wrote:
Hmmmmm, why can't the expresion value be equal to 0?

Hi Apo_orv

Please let me know for which values of a,b or c , the expression will be 0?????

Thanks
Intern  B
Joined: 15 Mar 2019
Posts: 12
Re: |a+b|/|a|+|b| + |b+c|/|b|+|c| +|c+a|/|c|+|a|=M  [#permalink]

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I am stuck how M can be 1 at minimum. given a = -b = c, the first two terms are euqal to 0, right?
-(a+b)/a+b = -a-b/a+b = -a+a/a+b = -a +a = 0 hence 0,

The 3th term is different :
-(c+a)/c+a => -c-a/c+a = -2a/2a = -1. So how do you get 1 as a result?
Intern  B
Joined: 20 Jul 2015
Posts: 27
Re: |a+b|/|a|+|b| + |b+c|/|b|+|c| +|c+a|/|c|+|a|=M  [#permalink]

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1
StressTest wrote:

I am stuck how M can be 1 at minimum. given a = -b = c, the first two terms are euqal to 0, right?
-(a+b)/a+b = -a-b/a+b = -a+a/a+b = -a +a = 0 hence 0,

The 3th term is different :
-(c+a)/c+a => -c-a/c+a = -2a/2a = -1. So how do you get 1 as a result?

Well

yur resoning is incorrect for above highlighted part

i would rather suggest to try some real numbers ...

Hope it helps
Intern  B
Joined: 15 Mar 2019
Posts: 12
Re: |a+b|/|a|+|b| + |b+c|/|b|+|c| +|c+a|/|c|+|a|=M  [#permalink]

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Rohit2015 wrote:
StressTest wrote:

I am stuck how M can be 1 at minimum. given a = -b = c, the first two terms are euqal to 0, right?
-(a+b)/a+b = -a-b/a+b = -a+a/a+b = -a +a = 0 hence 0,

The 3th term is different :
-(c+a)/c+a => -c-a/c+a = -2a/2a = -1. So how do you get 1 as a result?

Well

yur resoning is incorrect for above highlighted part

i would rather suggest to try some real numbers ...

Hope it helps

Thank you very much for the reply, but im stuck. When i set in real numbres, how would i choose them?
We are saying that a = -b = c
So a =1, then b =-1 and c =1?
Intern  B
Joined: 20 Jul 2015
Posts: 27
Re: |a+b|/|a|+|b| + |b+c|/|b|+|c| +|c+a|/|c|+|a|=M  [#permalink]

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1
StressTest wrote:
Rohit2015 wrote:
StressTest wrote:

I am stuck how M can be 1 at minimum. given a = -b = c, the first two terms are euqal to 0, right?
-(a+b)/a+b = -a-b/a+b = -a+a/a+b = -a +a = 0 hence 0,

The 3th term is different :
-(c+a)/c+a => -c-a/c+a = -2a/2a = -1. So how do you get 1 as a result?

Well

yur resoning is incorrect for above highlighted part

i would rather suggest to try some real numbers ...

Hope it helps

Thank you very much for the reply, but im stuck. When i set in real numbres, how would i choose them?
We are saying that a = -b = c
So a =1, then b =-1 and c =1?

a =1, then b =-1 and c =1?

Yes ...u can take any...  Re: |a+b|/|a|+|b| + |b+c|/|b|+|c| +|c+a|/|c|+|a|=M   [#permalink] 28 Sep 2019, 05:02
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