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# A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the

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A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2009, 12:37
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A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the rest are good. If Henry is to select 2 apples from the basket simultaneously and at random, what is the possibility that the 2 apples selected will include the spoiled apple?

A. 1/5
B. 3/10
C. 2/5
D. 1/2
E. 3/5
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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02 Mar 2009, 14:22
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bmiller0731 wrote:
A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the rest are good. If Henry is to select 2 apples from the basket simultaneously and at random, what is the possibility that the 2 apples selected will include the spoiled apple?

a) 1/5
b) 3/10
c) 2/5
d) 1/2
e) 3/5

p (both apples are not spoiled) = 4C2/5C2 = 4*3/5*4 = 3/5

p (one of the apple spoiled) = 1-3/5 = 2/5
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02 Mar 2009, 14:46
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Total Apples = 5
Spoiled Apples = 1
Not Spoiled Apples = 4

Possible outcomes:
(Apple 1) Not Spoiled, (Apple 2) Spoiled; = (4/5)*(1/4) = 4/20 or 2/10.
OR
(Apple 1) Spoiled, (Apple 2) Not Spoiled; = (1/5)*(4/4) = 4/20 or 2/10.

Total Probability = 2/10 + 2/10 = 4/10 or 2/5.

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07 Mar 2009, 10:41
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bmiller0731 wrote:
A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the rest are good. If Henry is to select 2 apples from the basket simultaneously and at random, what is the possibility that the 2 apples selected will include the spoiled apple?

a) 1/5
b) 3/10
c) 2/5
d) 1/2
e) 3/5

P = 4/5*1/4 + 1/5*4/4 = 2/5

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07 Mar 2009, 10:58
bmiller0731 wrote:
A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the rest are good. If Henry is to select 2 apples from the basket simultaneously and at random, what is the possibility that the 2 apples selected will include the spoiled apple?

a) 1/5
b) 3/10
c) 2/5
d) 1/2
e) 3/5

prob (one spoiled and one good) = (no. of ways of selecting 1 spoiled and 1 good)/(total no. of ways of selecting 2 apples)

prob = (select one good AND one bad)/(select any two out of 5) = 4c1*1C1 / 5c2 = 2/5

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25 Mar 2012, 09:45
I didn't understand. Could someone explain?
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A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2012, 12:12
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I didn't understand. Could someone explain?

A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the rest are good. If Henry is to select 2 apples from the basket simultaneously and at random, what is the possibility that the 2 apples selected will include the spoiled apple?
A. 1/5
B. 3/10
C. 2/5
D. 1/2
E. 3/5

Direct combinatorial approach:

$$Probability=\frac{# \ of \ favorable \ outcomes}{total \ # \ of \ outcomes}$$:

Favorable outcomes: $$C^1_1*C^1_4$$ --> $$C^1_1$$ choosing one rotten out of 1 and $$C^1_4$$ choosing any for the second apple;

Total # of outcomes: $$C^2_5$$, choosing 2 apples out of 5;

$$P=\frac{C^1_1*C^1_4}{C^2_5}=\frac{2}{5}$$.

Reverse combinatorial approach:

Let's count the probability of the opposite event and subtract this value from 1. The opposit event will be if out of 2 apples both are good, so $$P=1-\frac{C^2_4}{C^2_5}=\frac{2}{5}$$.

Direct probability approach:

$$P=\frac{1}{5}*\frac{4}{4}+\frac{4}{5}*\frac{1}{4}=\frac{2}{5}$$: probability of {first apple rotten, second apple good} plus the probability of {first apple good, second apple rotten}.

Reverse probability approach:

Again 1- the probability of the opposite event --> $$P=1-\frac{4}{5}*\frac{3}{4}=\frac{2}{5}$$.

Check Probability chapter of Math Book for more on this issues: math-probability-87244.html

Hope it helps.
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Re: A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2012, 21:42
Bunuel, you are awesome!
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Re: A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2012, 11:52
+1 C

Total number of combinations: 5!/3! = 20
Number of combinations that include the spoiled apple:
When the spoiled apple is the first apple picked: 1*4= 4
When the spoiled apple is the second apple picked: 4*1 = 4
Total: 8

Probability: 8/20 = 2/5

C.
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Re: A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2012, 14:09
bmiller0731 wrote:
A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the rest are good. If Henry is to select 2 apples from the basket simultaneously and at random, what is the possibility that the 2 apples selected will include the spoiled apple?

A. 1/5
B. 3/10
C. 2/5
D. 1/2
E. 3/5

Computing directly probabilities and using the complementary event:

P(spoiled apple selected) = 1 - P(no spoiled apple selected) = 1 - P(first apple not spoiled)*P(second apple also not spoiled) = 1 - (4/5)*(3/4) = 1 - 3/5 = 2/5.

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Re: A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 09:37
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No. of apples that are not spoiled = 4
No. of apples that are spoiled = 1

The question is asking us to find out the probability of finding one spoiled apple among the 2 randomly selection ...

We can have 2 scenarios , Scenario A) where the first apple selected is not spoiled , and the second apple selected is spoiled and Scenario B) where the first apple selected is spoiled and the second selected is not spoiled ..

Scenario A) We have four apples out of five that are not spoiled , therefore probability is 4/5 , the second apple is a spoiled one out of the remaining 4 , therefore we have overall probability of this outcome as (4/5) x (1/4) = 4/20

Scenario B ) We have only one apple out of 5 that is spoiled so probability is 1/5 , the second apple can be one from any 4 remaining thefore 4/4... Probability of this outcome is (1/5) x (4/4) = 1/5 ....

We must add these two scenarios therefore we get 4/20 + 1/5 = 8/20 = 2/5 (C)
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26 Sep 2012, 03:21
Anagram helps.
Attachments

Selecting 2 from 5 apples.jpg [ 26.71 KiB | Viewed 21929 times ]

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Re: A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 07:01
Bumping for review and further discussion.
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Re: A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2014, 08:13
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

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A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the rest [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2015, 03:45
A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the rest are good. If Henry is to select 2 apples from the basket simultaneously and at random, what is the probability that the 2 apples selected will include the spoiled apple?

A 1/20

B 1/10

C 1/5

D 2/5

E 3/5

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Re: A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2015, 03:53
gmatmania17 wrote:
A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the rest are good. If Henry is to select 2 apples from the basket simultaneously and at random, what is the probability that the 2 apples selected will include the spoiled apple?

A 1/20

B 1/10

C 1/5

D 2/5

E 3/5

Merging topics.

Please search before posting and tag the questions properly. Thank you.
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Re: A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 09:27
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2017, 04:55
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

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Re: A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2017, 17:32
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bmiller0731 wrote:
A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the rest are good. If Henry is to select 2 apples from the basket simultaneously and at random, what is the possibility that the 2 apples selected will include the spoiled apple?

A. 1/5
B. 3/10
C. 2/5
D. 1/2
E. 3/5

We need to determine the probability of selecting a spoiled apple and a non-spoiled apple when selecting two apples.

The number of ways to select the spoiled apple is 1C1 = 1. The number of ways to select a good apple is 4C1 = 4. Thus, the spoiled apple and a good apple can be selected in 1 x 4 = 4 ways.

The number of ways to select 2 apples from 5 is 5C2 = (5 x 4)/2! = 20/2 = 10.

Thus, the probability of selecting the spoiled apple and a good apple is 4/10 = 2/5.

Alternate Solution:

There are two outcomes that satisfy the requirement that the spoiled apple (S) is chosen along with a good apple (G), either S-G or G-S. The probability of S-G is (1/5)(4/4) = 1/5. The probability of G-S is (4/5)(1/4) = 1/5. Since either outcome satisfies our requirement, we add these two probabilities: 1/5 + 1/5 = 2/5.

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Re: A basket contains 5 apples, of which 1 is spoiled and the   [#permalink] 16 Jul 2017, 17:32
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