It is currently 22 Jun 2017, 11:39

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour.

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 May 2012
Posts: 75
A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Nov 2012, 13:51
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (02:01) correct 28% (01:07) wrong based on 285 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. Therefore, if a train travels slower than 150 miles per hour, it is not a bullet train.

Which of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the argument above?

(A) An orange ripens only on the vine. If it ripens on the vine, then it is not an orange
(B) Newspapers are often read by more than one person. Therefore, magazines are also likely to be read by more than one person.
(C) An earthquake of 5.0 or above on the Richter scale causes massive damage. If there is not massive damage, then the earthquake did not attain a 5.0 or above
(D) A supersonic plane travels at speeds in excess of Mach 1. If it is not supersonic, then it will travel at speeds below Mach 1.
(E) Fluoride generally prevents cavities. If there are no cavities, then there was no fluoride used.

Please answer with explanation
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Nov 2012
Posts: 335
Schools: LBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q48 V48
Re: A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Nov 2012, 14:48
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi gmatchase,

Happy to help. Here is my reasoning and thinking as I went through this question....

A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. Therefore, if a train travels slower than 150 miles per hour, it is not a bullet train.

Ok. So argument is the definition of a bullet train is it goes faster than 150mph

Which of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the argument above?

So we are interested in the format of the argument. We don't actually care about the content. If we look at the argument it is of the form. XXXX (Bullet train) is defined by YYYY (150mph). So if YYYY (150mph is not present it is not XXXXX (a bullet train). Which of the below is like that....

(A) An orange ripens only on the vine. If it ripens on the vine, then it is not an orange.Quite easy to dismiss. This sentence is nonsense. Firstly it says oranges ripen on the vine. Then says if it ripens on the vine it's not an orange.
(B) Newspapers are often read by more than one person. Therefore, magazines are also likely to be read by more than one person. nope. This is both wrong in style 'often' means we're not definite like we were before. It also isn't a logical conclusion of the first sentence that the second is true
(C) An earthquake of 5.0 or above on the Richter scale causes massive damage. If there is not massive damage, then the earthquake did not attain a 5.0 or aboveYes this seems to work. Massive damage is above 5.0. If not above 5.0 no massive damage.
(D) A supersonic plane travels at speeds in excess of Mach 1. If it is not supersonic, then it will travel at speeds below Mach 1.A tempting one...However this has the argument the other way around. It says X is defined by Y. So if not X then Y
(E) Fluoride generally prevents cavities. If there are no cavities, then there was no fluoride used.Nope. Fluroride 'often' so not always.
_________________

Former GMAT Pill student, now on staff. Used GMATPILL OG 12 and nothing else: 770 (48,48) & 6.0



... and more

Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Done with formalities.. and back..
Joined: 15 Sep 2012
Posts: 641
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
Schools: Olin - Wash U - Class of 2015
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Nov 2012, 17:17
gmatchase wrote:
A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. Therefore, if a train travels slower than 150 miles per hour, it is not a bullet train.

Which of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the argument above?

(A) An orange ripens only on the vine. If it ripens on the vine, then it is not an orange
(B) Newspapers are often read by more than one person. Therefore, magazines are also likely to be read by more than one person.
(C) An earthquake of 5.0 or above on the Richter scale causes massive damage. If there is not massive damage, then the earthquake did not attain a 5.0 or above
(D) A supersonic plane travels at speeds in excess of Mach 1. If it is not supersonic, then it will travel at speeds below Mach 1.
(E) Fluoride generally prevents cavities. If there are no cavities, then there was no fluoride used.

Please answer with explanation


Logical flow of given statement is : A does B. Therefore if C doesnt do B, it is not A.

Out of given choices, only choice C could be written in same form.

Ans C it is!
_________________

Lets Kudos!!! ;-)
Black Friday Debrief

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 May 2012
Posts: 75
Re: A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Nov 2012, 10:37
Thank you for your explanations.
Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 1998
Concentration: Finance
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Apr 2014, 08:12
Let's analyze this for a second. So in stimulus we have something along these lines: If x then Y, If not X then not Y

Actually just be looking really quickly at the given answer choices I have only two contenders which is good. C and D

Now then, watch out for answer choice D which expreses something similar but not quite. It says that if X then Y if not X then not Y. BUT here's the catch. Instead of below mach 3 it should say below or equal to match 3, because that's the exact opposite of above Mach 3. Since we are missing that equal argument is wrong

Even though I'm not a huge fan of answer choice C since it somewhat reverses the argument (It says if X then Y if Not Y then not X) I would still consider it a valid answer choice and thus the correct answer

Hope this helps
Gimme some freaking Kudos if it does
Cheers!
J :)
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 18 May 2015
Posts: 44
A bullet train travels [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jun 2015, 04:01
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. Therefore, if a train travels slower than 150 miles per hour, it is not a bullet train.
Which of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the argument above?

A) An orange ripens only on the vine. If it ripens on the vine, then it is not an orange.

B) Newspapers are often read by more than one person. Therefore, magazines are also likely to be read by more than one person.

C) An earthquake of 5.0 or above on the Richter scale causes massive damage. If there is not massive damage, then the earthquake did not attain a 5.0 or above.

D) A supersonic plane travels at speeds in excess of Mach 1. If it is not supersonic, then it will travel at speeds below Mach 1.

E) Fluoride generally prevents cavities. If there are no cavities, then there was no fluoride used.
_________________

Regards,
Sam GM


Kudos please...


Last edited by nguyendinhtuong on 28 May 2017, 21:01, edited 1 time in total.
Merged post. Please search before posting
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10167
Premium Member
Re: A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Aug 2015, 19:18
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 07 Oct 2015
Posts: 4
Re: A bullet train travels [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jan 2016, 03:14
Can somebody please clarify difference between option C & D?
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 4558
Re: A bullet train travels [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jan 2016, 03:40
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Litesh wrote:
Can somebody please clarify difference between option C & D?



Hi,
although we can eliminate choice visually, but if in doubt , break it into parts..

lets see the reasoning in the main Q..

A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. Therefore, if a train travels slower than 150 miles per hour, it is not a bullet train.
Which of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the argument above?
let bullet train be A and >150 miles per hour be B..
so the reasoning is..
A does B. If something does below B, it will not be A...


Since you want to know about C and D, we will restrict to them..

C) An earthquake of 5.0 or above on the Richter scale causes massive damage. If there is not massive damage, then the earthquake did not attain a 5.0 or above.
let earthquake above 5 be A and massive damage be B...
then A does B. If not B, it is not A..
similar to what we are looking for...CORRECT

D) A supersonic plane travels at speeds in excess of Mach 1. If it is not supersonic, then it will travel at speeds below Mach 1.
Let supersonic plane be A and speeds>mach1 be B..
then A does B. If it is not A, then it will not do B.
the reasoning is not the same. so incorrect

Hope it helps
_________________

Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 07 Oct 2015
Posts: 4
Re: A bullet train travels [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jan 2016, 09:36
Got it. I see your point. Thanks for the detailed explanation.
1 KUDOS received
Moderator
Moderator
User avatar
S
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3209
A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. Therefore, i [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Mar 2016, 04:51
1
This post received
KUDOS
6
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. Therefore, if a train travels slower than 150 miles per hour, it is not a bullet train.

Which of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the argument above?

(A) An orange ripens only on the vine. If it ripens on the vine, then it is not an orange.

(B) Newspapers are often read by more than one person. Therefore, magazines are also likely to be read by more than one person.

(C) An earthquake of 5.0 or above on the Richter scale causes massive damage. If there is not massive damage, then the earthquake did not attain a 5.0 or above.

(D) A supersonic plane travels at speeds in excess of Mach 1. If it is not supersonic, then it will travel at speeds below Mach 1.

(E) Fluoride generally prevents cavities. If there are no cavities, then there was no fluoride used.
_________________

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS AND RESOURCES
Quant: 1. ALL GMATPrep questions Quant/Verbal 2. Bunuel Signature Collection - The Next Generation 3. Bunuel Signature Collection ALL-IN-ONE WITH SOLUTIONS 4. Veritas Prep Blog PDF Version 5. MGMAT Study Hall Thursdays with Ron Quant Videos
Verbal:1. Verbal question bank and directories by Carcass 2. MGMAT Study Hall Thursdays with Ron Verbal Videos 3. Critical Reasoning_Oldy but goldy question banks 4. Sentence Correction_Oldy but goldy question banks 5. Reading-comprehension_Oldy but goldy question banks

1 KUDOS received
Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 03 May 2015
Posts: 261
Location: South Africa
Concentration: International Business, Organizational Behavior
GPA: 3.49
WE: Web Development (Insurance)
Re: A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. Therefore, i [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Mar 2016, 05:52
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
This question is in the form of

A does X. If B doesn't do X, B is not A.

Among the options,

only C fits the statement

A = earthquake of 5 and above
B = another earthquake
X = massive damage
_________________

Kudos if I helped ;)

Math Forum Moderator
User avatar
G
Joined: 13 Apr 2015
Posts: 1483
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. Therefore, i [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Mar 2016, 11:42
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
X > Y. If X < Y then it is not X. We have to choose a similar reasoning

(A) An orange ripens only on the vine. If it ripens on the vine, then it is not an orange. - Incorrect - X --> Y. If Y then not X. We are not looking for this.

(B) Newspapers are often read by more than one person. Therefore, magazines are also likely to be read by more than one person. - Incorrect - X > 1. So Y > 1. Wrong choice.

(C) An earthquake of 5.0 or above on the Richter scale causes massive damage. If there is not massive damage, then the earthquake did not attain a 5.0 or above. - Correct - X > Y. If no Y then no X < Y. This has to be our answer.

(D) A supersonic plane travels at speeds in excess of Mach 1. If it is not supersonic, then it will travel at speeds below Mach 1. - Incorrect - X > Y. If not Z then X < Y. Supersonic is a third variable Z. So its a wrong choice.

(E) Fluoride generally prevents cavities. If there are no cavities, then there was no fluoride used. - Incorrect - If X then no Y. If no Y then no X - Self contradicting statement.

IMO answer is C.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 04 Aug 2015
Posts: 75
Location: India
Concentration: Leadership, Technology
GMAT 1: 620 Q50 V25
GPA: 3.39
Re: A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. Therefore, i [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jan 2017, 03:33
A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. Therefore, if a train travels slower than 150 miles per hour, it is not a bullet train.

Which of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the argument above?

Premise: A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour : P -> Q
Conclusion : Therefore, if a train travels slower than 150 miles per hour, it is not a bullet train. : ~Q -> ~P

(A) An orange ripens only on the vine. If it ripens on the vine, then it is not an orange.
P -> Q | Q -> ~P X

(B) Newspapers are often read by more than one person. Therefore, magazines are also likely to be read by more than one person.
Conslusion brings in another entity not present in the premise.
X
(C) An earthquake of 5.0 or above on the Richter scale causes massive damage. If there is not massive damage, then the earthquake did not attain a 5.0 or above.

(D) A supersonic plane travels at speeds in excess of Mach 1. If it is not supersonic, then it will travel at speeds below Mach 1.
P -> Q | ~P -> ~Q X

(E) Fluoride generally prevents cavities. If there are no cavities, then there was no fluoride used.
P -> Q | Q -> ~P X

Option C.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: Gmat lover
Joined: 27 Mar 2017
Posts: 86
Location: India
Schools: IIMA , IIMA PGPX"18
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V39
GPA: 3.91
Reviews Badge
Re: A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2017, 14:17
(A) An orange ripens only on the vine. If it ripens on the vine, then it is not an orange
(B) Newspapers are often read by more than one person. Therefore, magazines are also likely to be read by more than one person.
(C) An earthquake of 5.0 or above on the Richter scale causes massive damage. If there is not massive damage, then the earthquake did not attain a 5.0 or above
(D) A supersonic plane travels at speeds in excess of Mach 1. If it is not supersonic, then it will travel at speeds below Mach 1.
(E) Fluoride generally prevents cavities. If there are no cavities, then there was no fluoride used.
_________________

_________________
Rules for posting in verbal Gmat forum, read it before posting anything in verbal forum
Giving me + 1 kudos if my post is valuable with you :)

The more you like my post, the more you share to other's need.

“The great secret of true success, of true happiness, is this: the man or woman who asks for no return, the perfectly unselfish person, is the most successful.”
-Swami Vivekananda

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 256
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
Premium Member
Re: A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jun 2017, 03:04
Vips0000 wrote:
gmatchase wrote:
A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. Therefore, if a train travels slower than 150 miles per hour, it is not a bullet train.

Which of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the argument above?

(A) An orange ripens only on the vine. If it ripens on the vine, then it is not an orange
(B) Newspapers are often read by more than one person. Therefore, magazines are also likely to be read by more than one person.
(C) An earthquake of 5.0 or above on the Richter scale causes massive damage. If there is not massive damage, then the earthquake did not attain a 5.0 or above
(D) A supersonic plane travels at speeds in excess of Mach 1. If it is not supersonic, then it will travel at speeds below Mach 1.
(E) Fluoride generally prevents cavities. If there are no cavities, then there was no fluoride used.

Please answer with explanation


Logical flow of given statement is : A does B. Therefore if C doesnt do B, it is not A.

Out of given choices, only choice C could be written in same form.

Ans C it is!


so, this type of question is really about logic? How can you identify the flow of logic so quickly? There is no need to match the words with words in the content of any parallel question?
Re: A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour.   [#permalink] 17 Jun 2017, 03:04
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour. Therefore, i carcass 0 11 Jan 2017, 03:33
A bullet train travels gmt1 0 08 Jan 2016, 09:36
1 Since the 55-mile-per-hour speed limit was mandated on our bholakc 24 03 Apr 2014, 07:43
3 After the national speed limit of 55 miles per hour was acer2knight 28 22 Jun 2016, 11:48
2 Found this one interesting: Since the 55-mile-per-hour speed alpha_plus_gamma 9 07 May 2015, 05:20
Display posts from previous: Sort by

A bullet train travels in excess of 150 miles per hour.

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.