GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 22 Oct 2019, 19:26

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# A car manufacturer, in an upgraded model of a car, introduced a new

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior PS Moderator
Joined: 26 Feb 2016
Posts: 3333
Location: India
GPA: 3.12
A car manufacturer, in an upgraded model of a car, introduced a new  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jan 2018, 11:59
4
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (01:33) correct 43% (01:29) wrong based on 194 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

A car manufacturer, in an upgraded model of a car, introduced a new gearbox technology which improved the fuel efficiency. However, when the new model was sold with the old model, it was found that customers preferred the old model. The manufacturer concluded that fuel efficiency was not a major concern for the customers.

Which one of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the manufacturer's conclusion?

(A) In the cities where the old model was retired, the sale of the new model flourished.

(B) Since the old model has been around for years, it was easier for customers to trust the fuel efficiency of the car in the long run

(C) 70% of the cars bought in this specific period of observation were second cars in the households, and were primarily used for long distance travel.

(D) The new model had significant design changes and the customers found the old design better.

(E) The difference in the prices of the models was insignificant.

Source: Experts Global

_________________
You've got what it takes, but it will take everything you've got
Retired Moderator
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 1195
Location: India
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
GPA: 4
Re: A car manufacturer, in an upgraded model of a car, introduced a new  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jan 2018, 13:05
1
Awaiting OA. My take is B.

A car manufacturer, in an upgraded model of a car, introduced a new gearbox technology which imrpoved the fuel efficiency. However, when the new model was sold with the old model, it was found that customers preferred the old model. The manufacturer concluded that fuel efficiency was not a major concern for the customers.

Which one of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the manufacturer's conclusion?

A. In the cities where the old model was retired, the sale of the new model flourished. -We are worried about areas where both the models were on sale.
B. Since the old model has been around for years, it was easier for customers to trust the fuel efficiency of the car in the long run -Correct.This shows that fuel efficiency was a major concern for the buyers. It's just that the older model had reliable statistics.
C. 70% of the cars bought in this specific period of observation were second cars in the households, and were primarily used for long distance travel. -We don't know whether older car was more comfortable or had better mileage.
D. The new model had significant design changes and the customers found the old design better. -This strengthens the argument by giving an alternate cause.
E. The difference in the prices of the models was insignificant. -If the prices were insignificant then maybe the car manufacturer was correct in its thinking or maybe not. We don't know that conclusively.
_________________
Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Dec 2017
Posts: 317
GMAT 1: 660 Q50 V30
Re: A car manufacturer, in an upgraded model of a car, introduced a new  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jan 2018, 20:04

As it is the only thing that points towards fuel economy is still a concern for ppl

Sent from my ONEPLUS A3003 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Intern
Joined: 01 Jan 2017
Posts: 9
Re: A car manufacturer, in an upgraded model of a car, introduced a new  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jan 2018, 20:18
I also marked B as an answer as it weakens the conclusion in the true sense that fuel efficiency does make a difference for customers. Its just that they found the older model much more reliable.

Awaiting OA!
examPAL Representative
Joined: 01 Mar 2017
Posts: 117
Re: A car manufacturer, in an upgraded model of a car, introduced a new  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jan 2018, 01:09
pushpitkc wrote:
A car manufacturer, in an upgraded model of a car, introduced a new gearbox technology which imrpoved the fuel efficiency. However, when the new model was sold with the old model, it was found that customers preferred the old model. The manufacturer concluded that fuel efficiency was not a major concern for the customers.

Which one of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the manufacturer's conclusion?

A. In the cities where the old model was retired, the sale of the new model flourished.
B. Since the old model has been around for years, it was easier for customers to trust the fuel efficiency of the car in the long run
C. 70% of the cars bought in this specific period of observation were second cars in the households, and were primarily used for long distance travel.
D. The new model had significant design changes and the customers found the old design better.
E. The difference in the prices of the models was insignificant.

Source: Experts Global

Let's solve logically: the car manufacturer is assuming that because fuel efficiency and low sales are correlated, they must have a causal connection: efficiency causes lower sales. But remember - correlation can always indicate different causal relations - or no causality at all! Since we are looking to weaken the conclusion that people don't care about fuel efficiency, let's think about causal explanation that say they do: maybe people care about efficiency, but a third factor is the cause for the correlation: people just like something else about the old model - its design, its seats, the fact its been around for a while and is trusted - and don't want to switch. Skimming the answers, we see that is exactly what B tells us.

A. In the cities where the old model was retired, the sale of the new model flourished. That doesn't really tell us anything - sales went up when there was no other option...
B. Since the old model has been around for years, it was easier for customers to trust the fuel efficiency of the car in the long run so there is a different reason that the old model is preferred, even though people do care about fuel efficiency - exactly what we are looking for!
C. 70% of the cars bought in this specific period of observation were second cars in the households, and were primarily used for long distance travel. In long distance travel, a fuel efficient car has more of an advantage is more important - making this strengthen the conclusion that people didn't care about efficiency
D. The new model had significant design changes and the customers found the old design better. This is a different reason that the old car is preffered other than fuel efficiency - so it does weaken the conclusion. However, it do so less than (B), which also provides us with a reason to think people do care about fuel efficency
E. The difference in the prices of the models was insignificant. This strengthens the claim - it eliminates another potential reason that the old could be preffered
_________________
Dave Green
Senior tutor at examPAL
Signup for a free GMAT course

Senior PS Moderator
Joined: 26 Feb 2016
Posts: 3333
Location: India
GPA: 3.12
Re: A car manufacturer, in an upgraded model of a car, introduced a new  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jan 2018, 11:16
The OA is B.

Official explanation by Experts Global

_________________
You've got what it takes, but it will take everything you've got
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 5946
Re: A car manufacturer, in an upgraded model of a car, introduced a new  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Oct 2019, 00:13
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
Re: A car manufacturer, in an upgraded model of a car, introduced a new   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2019, 00:13
Display posts from previous: Sort by